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„Africa-Observer Project“. How to make developing countries' voices heard in the private standards' arena?. Dr. Johannes Kern Meckesheim – Germany www.africa-observer.info. How to make developing countries' voices heard in the private standards' arena?. Smallholder/Stakeholder involvement

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slide1

„Africa-Observer Project“

How to make developing countries' voices heard in the private standards' arena?

Dr. Johannes Kern

Meckesheim – Germany

www.africa-observer.info

how to make developing countries voices heard in the private standards arena
How to make developing countries' voices heard in the private standards' arena?
  • Smallholder/Stakeholder involvement

a) Overview

b) National Technical Working Groups

  • Activities

a) Smallholder task force

b) Call for proposals and return

c) Workshop

  • Lessons learned and way forward
1 a smallholder stakeholder involvement

NATIONAL TECHNICAL WORKING GROUPS

AFRICA OBSERVER + SMALLHOLDER TASK FORCE

SMALLHOLDER/STAKEHOLDER VOICES

1.a) Smallholder/Stakeholder Involvement
1 a smallholder stakeholder involvement4
1.a) Smallholder/Stakeholder Involvement
  • Open Standard Setting Procedure* and stakeholder involvement during the standard revision
    • public consultation phase (single proposals and round table discussions)
    • members peer review

* see: www.globalgap.org

slide5

Poland

Dec. 2006

Czech Republic

Sept. 2006

Denmark

June 2007

Germany

May 2005

Netherlands

Jan 2002

Ukraine

Sept. 2006

Italy

July 2002

Belgium

Feb 2002

Bulgaria

July 2006

France

June 2002

Thailand

Sep 2007

Spain

May 2002

Malaysia

Feb 2003

Colombia

Dec 2006

Chile

Jun 2008

India

May 2008

Turkey

April 2005

Greece

Sep 2004

Brazil

June 2004

Uruguay

May 2008

Argentina

Mar 2004

NTWG‘s

1 b national technical working groups ntwg
1.b) National Technical Working Groups (NTWG)

1. Actual status

  • In 21 countries; several approved National Interpretation Guidelines
  • Pro-active strategy of GLOBALGAP (countries with > 300 certificates)

2.How to start a NTWG’s?

  • On initiative of members (GLOBALGAP) from single countries
  • All organisations can become a member (Producers, retailers, exporters, CBs, government, NGOs etc.)
  • Smallholder experts should be invited and represented

3. What are the NTWG’s major task?

  • Define local agenda and priorities
  • Develop Interpretation Guidelines
  • Close cooperation with FoodPLUS and Sector Committees
  • Improve transparency and integrity of GLOBALGAP in the country
  • Facilitate implementation of GLOBALGAP in the country by adapting the global criteria to local situation
  • Get connected to the other NTWGs
2 a the smallholder task force
2.a) The Smallholder Task Force

Ruth NYAGA Africert/GTZ Kenya

Kevin MAART DFPT* South Africa

Kofi BINEY GTZ Ghana

Babacar SAMB Bioscope/NL Senegal

Andrew GRAFFHAM NRI/IIED UK

Steve HOMER Biospartners UK

Interfaces to SC**: Richard Yudin, Andreas Kreuzmair (Edeka)

Moderation: Elme Coetzer, Johannes Kern

Back Office (BO): Bianca Untied (GTZ), Kerstin Uhlig

*DFPT (Deciduous Fruit Producer’s Trust)

** SC (GLOBALGAP Sector Committee)

2 b call for proposals i
2.b) Call for proposals (I)

Targets

  • carry out public call for innovative proposals to improve GLOBALGAP standard for smallholders
  • gather feedback on best practices from projects around the globe
  • prepare high score proposals for Sector Committee
2 b call for proposals ii
2.b) Call for proposals (II)

Methodology

  • Proposal sheets were divided into three parts:
    • Related topic (General Regulations or CPCC)
    • Justification
    • Impact assessment
  • Independent evaluation by the “Smallholder Task Force”
  • Discussion on proposals during the Workshop “GLOBALGAP Group Certification”: A challenge for smallholders in Europe and developing countries”
2 b return key issues i
2.b) Return – key issues (I)
  • 64 proposals from various stakeholder groups (Experts, CB‘s, NGO‘s etc.) throughout the world

General Regulations

  • Internal auditors and farmers ratio; quantity of inspections; relationship between internal and external audits
  • Farmer group vs. individual farmer as certificate holder
  • Option 1 for smallholder groups
  • Registration and certification fees
2 b return key issues ii
2.b) Return – key issues (II)

CPCC (Control Points and Compliance Criteria)

Examples:

  • Capacity development on food safety issues
  • Number of CPCC
  • Practicability of some CPCC
2 b return key issues iii
2.b) Return – key issues (III)

QMS

  • Harmonisation (mutual recognition) of producer QMS/ICS across various standards
  • Capacity development concerning QMS
  • Functioning of sanctioning system
2 c the workshop
2.c) The Workshop
  • Organised by GTZ together with GLOBALGAP, Marktkontor Baden and the Observer Project
  • 52 Participants from 16 countries
  • Presentations from Belgium, South Tirol, Turkey, Kenya, Ghana and Senegal
  • Report under: www.africa-observer.info
2 c the workshop14
2.c) The Workshop

Work group 1: The revision of GLOBALGAP Control Points to reflect the needs of smallholders

Work group 2: The revision of General Regulations to reflect the needs of smallholders

Work group 3: The participation of producer associations in the standard-setting process, e.g. in National Technical Working Groups

Work group 4: QMS and the question of how producer associations can be supported during the implementation

3 lessons learned and way forward
3. Lessons learned and way forward
  • Expert(s) from retailers in task force
  • Selection of themes from call for future task force work
  • Second call for proposals, more transparent, more languages
  • Linking up with UNCTAD project on smallholder communication