Ghana . Trading Salt for Gold in West Africa. Standard 7.4. Niger River . Standard 7.4.1: Identify how trade in the Niger River region of Africa led to the development of powerful and wealthy empires in West Africa. .
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Standard 7.4.1: Identify how trade in the Niger River region of Africa led to the development of powerful and wealthy empires in West Africa.
Content Objective: SWBAT trace the steps and roles in the gold and salt exchange.
Language Objective: SWBAT list and discuss the steps and roles in the gold and salt exchange on an organizer.
from place to place.
people exchange goods
without ever contacting each
that travel together
Soninke families banded
together to protect
themselves from nomadic
herders who wanted to
take their lands. This
group became Ghana.
Which of the following statements about trade routes in Africa is true?
Salt was carried south while gold was carried north.
Salt was carried north while gold was carried south.
Salt was carried east while gold was carried west.
Salt was carried west while gold was carried east.
How did Ghana become such a powerful state?
Ghana owned more salt than other states.
Leaders in Ghana formed alliances with other groups of people.
It had the strongest army in all of Africa.
It gained control of the valuable trade routes.
Towns and villages grew and the population of
Ghana increased mostly because
Ghana’s farmers and herders could produce plenty of food.
The people of Ghana believed in having very large families.
Families needed many members to work the trade caravans.
By law, families in Ghana were required to have many members.
What was significant about the location of the Ghana Empire?
It had access to the Atlantic Ocean and therefore valuable shipping routes.
It was located between the gold mines in the south and valuable salt resources in the north.
People needed salt in their diets and they used it to preserve and season foods.
Most of the empire was located in the mountains overlooking other empires.
Why was salt so valuable?
Salt was important for religious ceremonies.
Salt was used as a fertilizer for crops.
Salt was an important trade item.
Salt was used as a medicine against disease.