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EXPLORING THE SOUTHERN LUZON. 3 Regions of Southern Luzon. Region IV-A (CALABARZON) Region IV –B (MIMAROPA) Region V (BICOL REGION). Region IV – A (CALABARZON) -Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal & Quezon. Area : 16,228.6 km². DEMOGRAPHY (Based on Quickstat as of Feb 2009 by the NSO).

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EXPLORING THE SOUTHERN LUZON


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    1. EXPLORING THE SOUTHERN LUZON

    2. 3 Regions of Southern Luzon • Region IV-A (CALABARZON) • Region IV –B (MIMAROPA) • Region V (BICOL REGION)

    3. Region IV – A(CALABARZON)-Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal & Quezon

    4. Area : 16,228.6 km²

    5. DEMOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Feb 2009 by the NSO) • Total Population (2007) :11,743,110 • Growth rate (2007) :3.24 • Population Projection (2000 Census-Based Provincial Projection): 2009 –11,653,000 2010 –11,904,100

    6. LABOR & EMPLOYMENT(Based on Quickstat as of Feb 2009 by the NSO) • Labor Force Participation Rate :63.2 • Employment Rate : 90.0 • Unemployment Rate : 10.0 • Underemployment Rate : 15.5 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2008 only

    7. BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY(Based on Quickstat as of Feb 2009 by the NSO) • Manufacturing :1,547 • Wholesale & Retail :634 • Education/Private Educ. : 460 • Hotels & Restaurant : 387 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    8. HISTORY • Cavite: from the Tagalog word kawit (hook); located on a hook-shaped peninsula • Cavite Harbour:a center of shipbuilding during Spanish era • Birthplace of the 1st Phil. President (Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo) • Cavite Mutiny (1872) – caused the faulty implication of GOMBURZA • Cavite City (1901)– supply base for American Fleet

    9. LOCATION • Bordered to the north by the Manila Bay & Manila; Rizal & Laguna to the east; Batangas to the South; South China Sea to the west

    10. MAIN SOURCE OF INCOME • Agriculture (rice, vegetables, fruits) – due to fertile soil and abundant rainfall • Fishing • Tourism ECONOMY • one of the fastest growing provinces in the country due to its close proximity to Metro Manila • Five SM Supermalls and three Robinsons malls are located in Cavite

    11. DEMOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Total Population (2000) : 2,063,161 Male – 1,019,820 Female –1,043,341

    12. GEOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Number of Cities : 3 • Number of Municipalities : 20 • Number of Barangays : 829 • Area : 1,297.6 km²

    13. BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) Type of Business • Micro :21,244 • Small :1,273 • Medium : 130 • Large : 151 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2002 only

    14. Top 5 Agricultural Crops(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) PRODUCTION (metric tons) • Palay 56,888 • Coconut 40,260 • Banana 27,789 • Sugarcane 21,424 • Corn 2,749 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    15. Top 5 Livestock(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Chicken 2,191,953 • Duck 34,145 • Cattle 31,153 • Goat 15,579 • Carabao 4,427 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    16. What to see: • Taal Volcano (smallest volcano in the world) & Lake Taal • Puerto Azul Beach Resort (deluxe hotel) • Top-of-the-line Golf Courses (e.g. Tagaytay Highlands) • Mount Sea Hotel (standard hotel) • The Manila Manor (standard hotel) • Corregidor (no spectacular beaches)

    17. HISTORY • Birthplace of Dr. Jose Rizal • Rizal-House, the house where Dr. Rizal was born is now a museum • Old Churches were built during the Spanish era • Sta. Cruz which is the province’s capital is an example of old Spanish colonial style

    18. LOCATION • Located in the center of CALABARZON (bordered by Rizal to the north; Quezon to the South; Sierra Madre Mountains to the east; Cavite & Batangas to the west) • A landlocked province (no beaches) • Terrain is generally flat • Dominated by 2 massive volcanoes:Mount Makiling & Mount Banahaw • Where forestry & agriculture colleges of UPLB & IRRI (Internt’l Rice Research Inst.) are located

    19. GEOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Number of Cities : 1 • Number of Municipalities : 13 • Number of Barangays : 188 • Area :1,759.7 km²

    20. DEMOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Total Population (2000) : 1,707,218 Male – 856,860 Female –850,358

    21. ECONOMY Contributors: • Natural Resources • Agricultural Activities • Financial Institutions • Exports

    22. BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) Type of Business • Micro :22,204 • Small :1,412 • Medium : 58 • Large : 64 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2002 only

    23. Top 4 Agricultural Crops(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) PRODUCTION (metric tons) • Palay 37,581 • Banana 3,472 • Coconut 736 • Corn 173 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    24. Top 5 Livestock(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Chicken 4,796,969 • Duck 85,340 • Carabao 6,793 • Cattle 3,778 • Goat 1,485 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    25. What to see: • Mount Makiling & Mount Banahaw • Laguna de Bay (largest lake in the country) • Pagsanjan Falls • Hot Springs • Jungle • Golf Courses • History (e.g. old churches built during the Spanish Era) • Wild Rivers • Remote Quiet Villages • Other natural wonders & scenic spots (e.g. 7-crater lakes in San Pablo) • Enchanted Kingdom & Splash Island (no beaches)

    26. THREATS • Fast increasing siltation in Laguna de Bay due to: - Continuing deforestation - Quarrying - Dumping of industrial & human waste Result: out of 20 indigenous fish-species, only 5 remain; fish-farming is affected

    27. HISTORY • 1950 - discovered by the 1stconquistadores, Juan de Salcedo & Martin de Goiti • Abundance of rivers & pastures delighted the Spaniards • Cattle Country up to present • 1750 – coffee bean from Mexico was introduced (source of fortunes to the rich & powerful in the province)

    28. LOCATION • Bordered to the west by the South China Sea; to the south by Verde Passage (separates Luzon from Mindoro); to the east by Quezon & Laguna; Cavite to the north • Only 1 in the country w/ 2 oil refineries: Caltex (Phil.) Inc. & Pilipinas Shell • Crops flourish due to rich volcanic soil • Easy access to Puerta Galera (Mindoro) • Batangas City – capital of the province • Batangas Port - important port for sea-going & coastal vessels

    29. GEOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Number of Cities : 3 • Number of Municipalities : 31 • Number of Barangays : 1,078 • Area : 3,165.8 km²

    30. DEMOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Total Population (2000) : 1,905,348 Male – 958,411 Female –946,937

    31. BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) Type of Business • Micro :19,829 • Small :1,295 • Medium : 45 • Large : 51 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2002 only

    32. Top 5 Agricultural Crops(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) PRODUCTION (metric tons) • Sugarcane 1,742,202 • Coconut 133,001 • Palay 54,478 • Banana 49,560 • Corn 19,570 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    33. Top 5 Livestock(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Chicken 6,110,054 • Cattle 125,105 • Duck 110,492 • Goat 102,150 • Carabao 34,325 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    34. What to see: • Lake Taal & Taal Volcano • Fine race horses • Fantastic beaches (Matabungkay, Nasugbu) • Calatagan Peninsula (most of its area is owned by rich Spanish mestizo family Zobel-Ayala) where Punta Baluarte is found • Fortune Island (where the Dutch Adm. Olivier van Noort destroyed the Spanish fleet under Adm. Antonio de Morga) – this sunken ship was salvaged & now displayed in Manila • Diving Sites (Anilao in Calumpan Peninsula & some sites near Maricaban Island) • Challenging Golf Courses

    35. HISTORY • Named in honour of our National Hero, Dr. Jose Rizal

    36. LOCATION • Bordered to the north by Bulacan; Laguna de Bay to the South; nearest eastern neighbor to Manila; to the west lie the provinces of Laguna & Quezon • Antipolo – capital of the province • Has a unique diversity of landscape & economic activities due to: • Laguna de Bay (south) – important supplier of fish for Manila Markets • Sierra Madre (north) – rivers descending from it are used for drinking water for Metro Manila or for electricity generation in Central Luzon; foothills are ideal growing areas for fruits & vegetables for same markets

    37. GEOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Number of Cities : 1 • Number of Municipalities : 13 • Number of Barangays : 188 • Area : 1,308.9 km²

    38. DEMOGRAPHY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Total Population (2000) : 1,707,218 Male – 856,860 Female –850,358

    39. ECONOMY • Contributors: • huge piggery estates owned by Manila-based families • farming in the northern towns • fishing predominates in the southern towns

    40. BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) Type of Business • Micro :22,204 • Small :1,412 • Medium : 58 • Large : 64 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2002 only

    41. Top 4 Agricultural Crops(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) PRODUCTION (metric tons) • Palay 37,581 • Banana 3,472 • Coconut 736 • Corn 173 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    42. Top 5 Livestock(Based on Quickstat as of Dec 2007 by the NSO) • Chicken 4,796,969 • Duck 85,340 • Carabao 6,793 • Cattle 3,778 • Goat 1,485 ***data gathered are up to Oct 2005 only

    43. What to see: • Fantastic views of the Laguna de Bay & the Sierra Mountain ranges • Icon of Our Lady of Peace & Good Voyage in the hillside shrine (carved out of Mexican wood, arrived from Mexico in 1626) • Hinulugang Taktak • The “art” town of Angono (homes of contemporary painters, Blanco & Miranda) • Cordona – center of the milkfish culture • Morong – famous for baroque church & belfry • Tanay – beautiful waterfalls • Excellent Golf Courses (no dive sites)

    44. HISTORY • Named after former President of the Commonwealth of the Phils. (Manuel L. Quezon) • Buenavista – former name of Lucena City (1580) because of its scenic beauty; formerly a barrio of Tayabas • Lucena – named in honor of friar Mariano Granja, native of Lucena, Andalucia, Spain; a center of guerrilla activities inWorld War II against Japanese Forces