html5-img
1 / 111

Chapter 11: America and the World

Chapter 11: America and the World. Section 1: Expansion in the Pacific. Imperialism: The quest for colonial empires. Between 1876 and 1915, a handful of industrialized nations seized control of vast areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America.

landen
Download Presentation

Chapter 11: America and the World

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

Presentation Transcript


  1. Chapter 11: America and the World

  2. Section 1: Expansion in the Pacific • Imperialism: The quest for colonial empires. • Between 1876 and 1915, a handful of industrialized nations seized control of vast areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America. • Imperialism was driven by a need for markets and raw materials, as well as power and prestige.

  3. Imperialism • Henry Cabot Lodge stressed the importance of the United States becoming involved in colonization. • As American industrial production increased in the late 1800’s, many Americans began to support imperialism.

  4. Lodge

  5. Samoa • The United States, Britain and Germany would first clash in Samoa in 1889. • Ten years later, America won control over Eastern Samoa and Germany gained control over Western Samoa.

  6. Hawaii • The Hawaiian Islands had a tropical climate and fertile, lava-enriched soil. • In 1778, a British explorer visited the islands and renamed them the Sandwich Islands. • Hawaiian chief Kamehameha united the eight major islands during his reign.

  7. Hawaii • This monarchy held power until 1893. • The Hawaiian Islands would be a great place to build a naval base and coaling stations for ships traveling to Asia. • During the 1800’s, ships began arriving in Hawaii more often.

  8. Hawaii • The ships brought missionaries, settlers and traders. • They also brought diseases that reduced the population from 300,000 to fewer than 150,000.

  9. Hawaii • American investors in the sugar industry gradually increased their control over the islands. • Hawaii sugar production rose and with it, American influence. • Expansion of the sugar industry meant more workers were needed.

  10. Hawaii • Planters brought in thousands of Japanese and Chinese workers, who would eventually outnumber the Hawaiians. • Americans had a growing influence of the Hawaiian king Kalakaua, who took the throne in 1874.

  11. Hawaii • An 1875 treaty exempted Hawaiian sugar from U.S. Tariffs. • In exchange, Hawaii promised not to grant territory or special privileges in the islands to any other nation.

  12. Hawaii • In 1891, Kalakaua died and his sister, Liliukalani took power. • She attempted to bring the government back under control of Hawaiians. • She was quickly overthrown and revolutionaries established a new government with Sanford B. Dole as president.

  13. Hawaii • The U.S. would annex Hawaii on July 7, 1898. • Hawaii became a U.S. territory in 1900 and the 50th state in 1959. • In 1993, Congress apologized for the U.S. role in Liliukalani’s overthrow.

  14. China • Hawaii was important for the U.S. because it was used as a stopping point for China. • In 1843, China officially opened five ports to trade with the United States and Europe. • For the next 50 years China struggled to keep foreign interests from overrunning the country.

  15. China • In 1895, China faced another threat, the Japanese. • Japan attacked and seized China’s Liaotung Peninsula and the large island of Taiwan. • Japan would gain influence over Korea as well.

  16. Spheres of Influence • European countries quickly took advantage of China’s weakened condition. • Britain, France, Germany and Russia carved out spheres of influence. • Regions where a particular country has exclusive rights over mines, railroads, and trade.

  17. The Open Door Policy • The U.S. was in danger of being forced out of the China trade. • In 1899, Secretary of State John Hay called for an open door policy. • Would give all nations equal access to trade and investment in China.

  18. The Open Door Policy • Hay sent a series of Open Door notes to the European powers and Japan: • They keep all ports in their spheres open to all nations. • Asked that Chinese officials be allowed to collect all tariffs and duties. • Requested they guarantee equal harbor, railroad, and tariff rates to all spheres trading in China.

  19. The Boxer Rebellion • Chinese resistance to foreigners continued to grow. • A secret society that became known as “boxers” by westerners circulated information. • In 1900, the boxers attacked western missionaries and traders in northern China. • Known as the Boxer rebellion, many of the boxers were supported by government officials.

  20. The Boxer Rebellion • Foreign countries responded by sending troops to China. • After an 8 week siege, the international force rescued those westerners who were trapped and attacked. • China was forced to pay European powers $333 million for damages.

  21. An Emerging Japan • Japan’s 1894 invasion of China marked its emergence as an imperial power. • Only 41 years earlier, Japan opened its doors to America and Commodore Mathew Perry. • Japan was persuaded to open its doors to trade.

  22. An Emerging Japan • In 1854, Perry’s fleet of seven warships sailed into Edo, present day Tokyo. • Japanese leaders would eventually agree to western demands for trade. • Japan would rapidly transform itself into an industrial power and built up its army and navy.

  23. An Emerging Japan • Japan and Russia had long been rivals for control in China. • In 1904, Japanese soldiers attacked Russian soldiers in Manchuria, starting the Russo-Japanese war. • A treaty would be negotiated and all sides, including the United States, got what they wanted.

  24. An Emerging Japan • Japan had become a modern world power and a rival to the U.S. in the Pacific.

  25. Section 2: War with Spain • Supporters of expansion had long been interested in Cuba, 90 miles from the Florida keys. • Cuba was one of two Spanish colonies still left in the Caribbean. • They would launch a series of revolts unsuccessfully.

  26. Cuba • In 1896, General Valeriano Weyler was sent to put down a revolt. • He forced thousands of farmers into concentration camps to stop them from aiding the rebels. • Some 200,000 Cubans died from starvation and disease.

  27. Cuba • William Randolph Hurst would push for U.S. intervention in his newspapers. • President McKinley, a civil war veteran, refused to go to war or intervene. • A Cuban spy had written that McKinley was weak and “a bidder for the admiration of the crowd.”

  28. Cuba • Hurst would publish this, which would outrage the American people. • The USS Maine would be sent to Havana to protect U.S. lives and property. • On February 15th, 1898, the Maine blew up, killing 260 sailors.

  29. Cuba • Many Americans would blame Spain, however there was no evidence of an attack. • More than likely a fire and explosion in a coal bin caused the problem. • On April 11th, McKinley asked congress to intervene in Cuba.

More Related