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Changing Our Culture… from suppression to prevention
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  1. Changing Our Culture…from suppression to prevention Tammy L. Peavy Fire Safety Education Officer MS State Fire Marshal’s Office

  2. Historical Fires Did you know….?

  3. Iroquois Theatre FireDecember 30, 1903 602 deaths Considered “absolutely fireproof” Blocked/locked exits Untrained staff High risk population Overcrowded Combustibles Politics Fire extinguished in less than 10 minutes

  4. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory FireMarch 25, 1911146 deaths • FD 6 blocks away • 6 bodies on ground upon FD arrival • Fire extinguished in 18 minutes

  5. Station Nightclub FireFebruary 20, 2003100 deaths • FD arrived 4.5 minutes into the fire

  6. Rhythm Nightclub FireApril 23, 1940209 deaths Natchez, Mississippi One point of egress Combustible materials FD on scene in 5 minutes Fire extinguished in 15 minutes

  7. Residential fires • in Mississippi • 2007………………77 • 2008…………..…78 • 2009…………..…89 • 2010………………82 • 2011………….……80 • 2012……….…..…63 • 2013……….…..…26 …and counting

  8. Sean’s Story

  9. 16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives www.lifesafetyinitiatives.com

  10. Initiative #1 Define and advocate the need for a cultural change within the fire service relating to safety incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability and personal responsibility.

  11. Initiative #3 Focus greater attention on the integration of risk management with incident management at al levels, including strategic, tactical, and planning responsibilities.

  12. Initiative #4 All firefighters must be empowered to stop unsafe practices.

  13. Initiative #14 Public Education must receive more resources and be championed as a critical fire and life safety program.

  14. Initiative #15 Advocacy must be strengthened for the enforcement of codes and the installation of home fire sprinklers.

  15. The Five Step Process • Conduct community analysis • Type of incident • Where • When • Who • Why • How

  16. NFIRS National Fire Incident Reporting System

  17. The Five Step Process • Develop partnerships • Churches • Rural electric cooperatives • Water associations • Target audience • Others

  18. The Five Step Process • Create a strategy • What messages • Who delivers • How to deliver • Where • Cost • Funding source

  19. The Five Step Process • Create a strategy • Existing programs • Remembering When • Risk Watch • Learn Not to Burn • Start Safe

  20. The Five Step Process • Create a strategy • Existing programs • Borrow from others • Clowns • Puppets • Skits

  21. Yahoo!Groups • MAPFSE • NFLSE • ePARADE

  22. The Five Step Process • Create a strategy • Existing programs • Borrow from others • Create your own

  23. You don’t have to do it alone! • Non-firefighters • Volunteers • Retired teachers • Others

  24. Five E’s of Fire Prevention

  25. Funding • Insurance rebate money • Assistance to Firefighters GrantFire Prevention & Safety Grant • www.fema.gov/firegrants

  26. The Five Step Process • Implement the strategy • Evaluate • Measure your program’s effectiveness

  27. Demonstrating Your Fire Prevention Program’s Worthwww.usfa.dhs.gov/nfa

  28. Public Fire Education Planning for Rural Communities:A Five-Step Process Public Fire Education PlanningA Five Step Process www.usfa.dhs.gov

  29. Making It Work The Worcester Story

  30. Worcester, MA • Population: 186,000 • Square miles: 37.6 • Housing units: 77,314 • 30,000 houses • 45,000 multi-family • 30+ high rises

  31. Offline division formed in March 2007 • Catalyst joined division December 2008 • Programs started in January 2009 • Formal evaluation since 2010 • Division manned by one, with hopes of expansion

  32. The Problem • 50% of civilian injuries from cooking fires occurred in this complex • Occupancy: 4,000 • Housing Units : 1,300

  33. Partnerships • Worcester Fire Department • Provided fire trucks and personnel • The complex • Provided rooms to accommodate workshops • Advertisements leading up to events • Stovetop FireStop • Red Cross • Provided personnel • Papa Gino’s • Provided 50 pizzas

  34. Implementation • Education • Worked with afterschool • On-site workshops at each of the 3 high rises • On-going relationship with management

  35. Implementation • Engineering • 2 installed per unit • $17 per canister or $34 per unit • www.stovetopfirestop.com

  36. Implementation • Enforcement • Make sure complex is up to code • Complex came up with consequences • Apartment inspections • Non compliance • Fire safety institutionalized in welcome package

  37. Evaluation 2005-2010 2011 3 cooking related incidents 1 civilian injury 0 family displacement $100-$1,000 damages • 50% civilian injuries in this complex • 1-2 kitchen related fires per month that led to family displacements • $15,000-$50,000 damages per incident

  38. Empty Shoes No longer filled with dreams…

  39. Did you know? The United States suffers one of the worst per-capita fire death rates of any industrialized nation…