Accident Prevention Program (APP). An Overview. Purpose: To assist you in developing and implementing a written Accident Prevention Program which is tailored to the needs and potential hazards associated with your work. What Will Be Covered. Why have an accident prevention program
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Purpose: To assist you in developing and implementing a written Accident Prevention Program which is tailored to the needs and potential hazards associated with your work.
By “accidents” we mean events where employees are killed, maimed, injured, or become ill from exposure to toxic chemicals or microorganisms (TB, Hepatitis, HIV, Hantavirus etc).
It helps control industrial insurance costs.
Low # of Claims
Average # of claims
High # of Claims
Your premium rate depends on number of claims filed. An accident prevention program can help you to control hazards that cause accidents and claims.
To make up for the premium increase @ 10% profit margin – you must get $100,000 additional business
These are actual facts and figures from a tire store in eastern Washington. The company had 13 minor claims in 2000-2002 with the single high-cost claim ($29,000) occurring in 2002. The employee was off work for several days and received time-loss payments from L & I. He also had expensive medical bills which were billed to L & I.
It’s required by WISHA Rules.
Safety & Health Core Rules – WAC 296-800-140
Safety Standards for Construction – WAC 296-155-110
Other standards – agriculture, logging, etc.
APP rules are nearly identical for all these types of businesses. In most cases, if you are visited by a WISHA inspector, he or she will look for your APP. If the inspector finds serious hazards and no APP or major deficiencies in the APP, you may receive a a citation with monetary penalty.
A plan for safety must be more than posting a sign that says “Be Careful. In an emergency call 911.” It will help you to identify hazards before they cause accidents and help you deal with accidents if and when they occur.
Link to Core Rule APP requirements
Link to Construction APP requirements
Link to Agriculture APP requirements
The written program must cover all the typical, predictable and evident hazards of the worksite. However, a written APP that is too long or complicated tends not be read. As long as there is method to report new or unforeseen hazards, it is not necessary to go into great detail about every possible hazard one could imagine.
If you’re going to spend time and energy developing this plan, it might as well be a tool that will add value to your company, will help you to provide a safe and productive workplace, and keep your industrial insurance premiums to a minimum.
By “generic” we mean one that does not address the actual worksite hazards and conditions. Some trade associations (such as agriculture) produce generic programs that includes the most common hazards of a particular industry. These are usually acceptable, but you must also cover the unique hazards of your worksite.
Also include in orientation:
Link to sample chemical hazard communication program
Safety Committees are required if you have 11 or more employees at the worksite. The number of employee-elected members of the safety committee must be equal to or more than the number of employer-selected members
Safety meetings are an allowable substitute for a safety committee if you have 10 or less employees. They are also allowed if you have 10 or less employees on different shifts or there are 10 or less employees at widely separate work locations. You would need to have safety meetings at each shift or each work location.
Even though safety meetings are not required for agriculture operations that last less than a month, a safety orientation is still required at the beginning of the operation. For example, in cherry harvesting, pickers should still have a safety orientation on how to safely use a ladder.
The goal of an APP is to prevent injuries. Frequent injuries would be a sign that not all hazards are addressed or your safety rules are not being enforced. Minor or infrequent non-serious injuries do not mean your APP is ineffective. An occasional missed hazard (one saw guard out of several saws is missing in a cabinet shop for example) also does not necessarily mean your APP is ineffective.
Review your OSHA 300 Log if you have kept one. See if there are several people having the same type of accident (indicates that a process or procedures may need changing) or if one person is having several accidents doing different jobs (indicates that this person probably needs retraining).
Talk to employees:
- Do they think they have a safe place to work.
- Do they have ideas about how to improve safety.
- Do they know how, when and to whom to report an accident.
- Do they know of any accident that have NOT been reported.
Investigate near-misses since they are potential accidents
Accidents or injuries are the “tip of the iceberg” of hazards
Don’t just investigate accidents. Near misses should be reported and investigated. They were in a sense, “aborted accidents”.
Criteria for investigating an incident or near miss: What is reasonably the worst injury the worker would have suffered had an actual accident happened?
If it would have resulted in a serious injury, then the incident or near miss should be investigated with the same thoroughness as an actual accident investigation.
ProtectionSafety Hazard Evaluation
Job Safety Analysis (JSA)
Sharp edges & splinters
Pick up stock
Cut stock with
A JSA is not required, but is one method of determining hazards at the worksite. This is an example of a job safety analysis of a carpenter shop. Each task is listed with it’s particular hazard and protection for that hazard. This method can be used to determine your company’s need for personal protective equipment.
Link to sample JSA
Worksite Safety Checklist
Employees wearing safety glasses?
Saw guards in place?
Work area free of tripping hazards?
A periodic safety evaluation is recommended, especially if conditions change frequently, such as in construction. Often representatives of the safety committee will do this. This checklist should be developed to check for the hazards that are likely to be found on your site. It can be used for periodic walkaround safety surveys to make sure all safety measures are in place.
Conduct Accident Investigations
Investigate as soon as possible. Take pictures, draw diagrams and interview all who witnessed the accident. Try to find what can be changes to prevent the accident from happening again. Write a formal report (can be covered at the next safety meeting).
Make sure that suggested changes are made.
A message from
the owner ...
Management safety statements are not required, but are recommended. Management support is vital for success of program else neither supervisors nor employees will take it seriously. A specific written statement, is not required, however.
For a successful APP, you need line manager buy-in and commitment.Suggested ways to do that:
To have a program that is “effective in practice”, management ( the owner, general manager, supervisor, foreman and crew boss) must practice safety as well as the employees. If management doesn’t wear PPE where the employee are required to, the employees are less likely to wear the required PPE when management is not present. Employees must be make to feel comfortable making safety corrections without getting “permission” from someone else.
Link to sample employee report form
You can use a report form, a suggestion box, or get input from safety committee or verbally during safety meetings. Make available and encourage the use of form for employees to report hazards they see. Management should have procedures to address issues identified and notify individuals or safety committee what actions were taken.
Link to WISHA-required training
There are two types:
Where’s his fall protection?
A disciplinary policy is not required, but highly recommended. The policy should be in writing and employees should be informed/trained before it can be used against them.
Policy should be imposed on management as well as employees. Records of policy application should be kept for documentation that the policy is being enforced.
What hazards exist that require use of PPE?
A PPE hazard assessment is required by WISHA Rules on PPE. You can determine what PPE is needed from doing a hazard assessment. Injury reports may also provide additional information – there may be a pattern of injuries that can be prevented with the use of appropriate PPE.
Link to sample PPE hazard assessment checklist
More information on APP is available on the WISHA webpage at:
For additional assistance, you can call one of our consultants. Click below for local L & I office locations: