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Cell parts Organelles and functions

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  1. CellpartsOrganelles and functions Ángel Correa Otal 4ºA

  2. Index • 1- Animal cellpicture • 2- Animal cellorganelles and functions • 3- Plantcellpicture • 4- Plantcellorganelles and functions • 5- Bibliography

  3. 1- Animal Cellpicture

  4. 2- Animal cellorganelles and fuctions • 1. Cellmembrane: Allowssomesubtancestopasstothecell and blocks others. • 2. Centrosomes: Wheremicrotubules are created. • 3. Cytoplasm: Wheretheorganelles are located. • 4. Golgibody: It produces the membranes that surround the lysosomes. Also it packages proteins and carbohydrates into membrane-bound vesicles • 5. Lysosome: Here is where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place. • 6. Mythocondrion: The mitochondrion converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) • 7. Vacuole: The vacuole fills with food being digested and waste material. • 8- Nuclear membrane: It surrounds the nucleus. • 9- Nucleolus: It is where ribosomal RNA is produced. (RNA is  Ribonucleicacid)

  5. 2- Animal cellorganelles and fuctions • 10- Ribosome: Are sites of protein synthesis. • 11.- Rough endoplasmicreticulum: Rough ER transports materials through the cell and produces proteins. • 12.- Smoothendoplasmicreticulum: Smooth ER transports materials through the cell.

  6. 3- Plantcellpicture

  7. 4- Plantcellorganelles and fuctions • Amyloplast - An organelle in some plant cells that stores starch. • ATP - It is a high-energy molecule used for energy storage by organisms. • Cell membrane: Allows some subtances to pass to the cell and blocks others. • Cell wall - This layer of cellulose fiber gives the cell most of its support and structure. • Centrosome - The centrosomes is where microtubules are made. • Chlorophyll - is a molecule that can use light energy from sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide gas into sugar and oxygen

  8. 4- Plantcellorganelles and fuctions • Chloroplast - an elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll. • Christae - Where ATP is created. • Cytoplasm - Where the organelles are located. • Golgi body - It produces the membranes that surround the lysosomes. Also it packages proteins and carbohydrates into membrane-bound vesicles. • Mitochondrion - The mitochondrion converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) • Ribosome: Are sites of protein synthesis. • Rough endoplasmic reticulum - Rough ER transports materials through the cell and produces proteins.

  9. 4- Plantcellorganelles and fuctions • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum - Smooth ER transports materials through the cell. • Thylakoid disk - thylakoid disks are disk-shaped membrane structures in chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll. • Vacuole - The vacuole fills with food being digested and waste material.

  10. 5- Bibliography • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/animals/cell/ • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/plants/cell/