The Cell Membrane • Function- controls the movement of materials into and out of the cell
The cytoplasm • Cytoplasm fills cell from the nucleus to the cell membrane; includes fluid, cytoskeleton, and all organelles (except nucleus)
The endoplasmic reticulum • A pathway for the transport of materials throughout the cell; rough and smooth
The nucleus • Holds genetic material; controls cell functions
Nucleolus • Round body within the nucleus; where ribosomes are made.
Ribosomes • They build protein; made of RNA and protein. Some are free, some attached to ER.
Lysosomes • Contain digestive enzymes that break down large molecules, old cells, worn-out organelles
Mitochondria • The powerhouse of the cell; transfers energy from organic molecules to ATP
Golgi Apparatus • Packages and secretes products of the cell.
Centrioles (animal cells) • Involved in cell division in animal cells
Vacuoles • Store food, waste, and water and dissolved materials. Animal cell vacuoles form and reform over and over again.
Cell Wall • Gives a plant cell its shape; provides structure; not found in animal cells
Cilia • Short hairlike structures that enable a single-celled organism to move; also line respiratory tract
Flagella • Long, hairlike structures used for movement
Chloroplast • Contains chlorophyll to capture light for photosynthesis; site of photosynthesis
Chromosomes • Rod-shaped bodies found in the nucleus; composed of DNA
Microtubule • Cylinders that support and give the cell shape
Pink fuzzy slippers • What organelle do these represent?