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The New England Colonies:. Chapter 2 Section 4. The 13 Colonies: . New England Colonies. Middle Colonies. Southern Colonies. 1) Puritans: . In the 1600s there was only one official Church in England, called the Church of England or the Anglican Church

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The new england colonies

The New England Colonies:

Chapter 2 Section 4

The 13 colonies
The 13 Colonies:

New England Colonies

Middle Colonies

Southern Colonies

1 puritans
1) Puritans:

  • In the 1600s there was only one official Church in England, called the Church of England or the Anglican Church

  • Many people thought the Church was becoming too corrupt:

    • Puritans wanted to purify the Church

    • Separatists wanted to leave and start their own churches

1 puritans1
1) Puritans:

  • Lived moral lives, prayed devoutly, read the Bible, worked hard

  • Criticized the Church of England

  • Charles I began to persecute them

  • Went to America to worship in their own “purer” churches and to make their own laws

    • Laws based on the Bible

  • Most of N.E.’s colonists

2 plymouth colony
2) Plymouth Colony:

  • In 1620 the first Puritans founded Plymouth Colony (later Massachusetts)

    • Also known as the Pilgrims

  • Before leaving their ship they made an agreement called the Mayflower Compact

    • Agreed to form a government and obey its laws

    • Self-government

3 massachusetts bay colony
3) Massachusetts Bay Colony:

  • 1630, John Winthrop leads Puritans to a new colony, the M.B.C.

    • Called it “A City Upon a Hill”

  • Established a republic

    • Men elected a governor and assembly

    • The only gov’t to elect its own governor

    • A radical idea

4 other colonies
4) Other Colonies

  • In New Hampshire and Maine Puritans and English fishermen had an uneasy time getting along

  • Rhode Island became a safe haven for all denominations

    • To keep peace they separated the church and state

  • Connecticut was founded by conservative Puritans

  • By the end of the 1600s the Massachusetts Bay Colony included Maine and Plymouth Colony

5 religious troubles
5) Religious Troubles:

  • Puritans thought God would punish people who allowed individual choice in religion

  • Not tolerate of other denominations

  • The governor of Massachusetts executed four Quakers and burned their books

  • Even persecuted Puritans who expressed radical ideas:

    • Roger Williams: said colonists had no right to take land from N.A.s

    • Anne Hutchinson: Said Massachusetts was too Anglican (like the church of England)

  • The new england colonies

    Roger Williams

    Anne Hutchinson

    6 salem witch trials
    6) Salem Witch Trials:


    • Winter of 1692

    6 salem witch trial
    6) Salem Witch Trial:

    • Girls had nothing to do

    • Emotions were “evil”

    • Interested in the stories of Titchiba’s

    • The girls acted “crazy”

      • Probably panic attacks

    • Adults saw this as “bewitched”

    • Reverend Paris stirs things up

    • The girls accuse anyone they want and the adults believe them!

    • 24 people were hanged

    • Many more put in prison

    • One man crushed to death under a stone

    • Adults should have been smarter

    7 conflict with native americans
    7) Conflict with Native Americans:

    A) The Pequot War:

    • 1630s: Puritans and Pequots trade for fur

    • Tension over control of the trade and the Puritan’s westward expansion

    • 1636: War breaks out:

    Pequots Puritans

    7 conflict with native americans1
    7) Conflict with Native Americans:

    A) The Pequot War: (continued)

    • 1638: Treaty of Hartford

      • After vicious fighting, that included the Puritans killing women and children, the Puritans won and the Pequot were eliminated as a group

        B) King Philip’s War:

    • 1675: A chief named Metacom (King Philip) “kind of” led a rebellion

    • Guns acquired from trading

    7 conflict with native americans2
    7) Conflict with Native Americans:

    B) King Philip’s War: (continued)

    • The N.A.s were winning at first but ended up losing

      • Ran out of bullets because they couldn’t trade anymore

      • Starved as colonists attacked their villages and burned their crops

    • The colonists won but about 1,000 died

    • N.A.s lost most of their remaining land in New England and about 3,000 were killed

    7 conflict with native americans3
    7) Conflict with Native Americans:

    B) King Philip’s War: (continued)

    • Some N.A.s ran away to Canada, where they continued to attack the frontier towns in revenge.

    • By the early 1700s there were 92,000 colonists in New England

      • Only 9,000 N.A.s left.


    • Chapter 2 Section 4: #1,2,3,4,5