Map of the 13 colonies. NEW ENGLAND. MIDDLE. SOUTHERN. Subsistence Farming. Industry. Puritans. THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES. New England Colonies. Activity- Class discussion over New England Colonies Journal Notes Postcard. The New England Colonies.
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Map of the 13 colonies NEW ENGLAND MIDDLE SOUTHERN
THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
New England Colonies Activity- Class discussion over New England Colonies Journal Notes Postcard
The New England Colonies The four original New England Colonies were New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Culture and Settlers • Most of the people who had come to the New England colonies left England looking for religious freedom and a chance at a new life. The Pilgrims and later the Puritans settled into New England.
Culture and Settlers • The Pilgrims landed in Plymouth in 1620 and learned how to survive with the help of the local Native American tribes. The Puritans came to New England 10 years later and established the Massachusetts Bay colony. Both the Puritans and Pilgrims were not tolerant of other religions.
“The New England Way” Due to the extreme faiths of the Puritans and Pilgrims, life in New England centered around the church. The Puritans and Pilgrims believed that the “ New England Way” was to work 6 days a week and go to church on Sunday. Everyone in the colonies, were to be educated so that they could read the bible.
Pilgrims in New England • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=174EFA58-0AFA-46E7-A95B-7741364FAC66&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
Geography and Climate • The climate of the New England Colonies was colder than the other two colonial regions because they were the farthest north. The hard rocky soil and long-cold winters made farming difficult in New England.
Subsistence Farming • Since large-scale farming was so difficult in the hard, rocky soil of New England, most families in New England practiced what is called “subsistence farming”. This is were a family operates a small farm and only grows enough get by (subside on).
Subsistence farming means you only grow enough for your family and a little to trade
Economy of the New England Colonies • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=457F9120-69AC-4A5F-BCAD-4B71998940DC
Industry and Economy • Due to the long winters and hard, rocky soil, agriculture (farming) was not a major industry (business) in New England. Instead, New England colonies looked to the area’s natural resources in the forest and sea to survive and make money.
Industry in New England • The natural resources of the New England Colonies included fish, whales, trees and furs. Lumbering, fishing, shipbuilding and trade became very important to the region’s economy.
Using the Sea in New EnglandClip from 1956 “Moby Dick” • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1nSj-gzE8g&feature=related
New England Geography • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=2D2CB6BB-B3E5-4A77-9D5C-9F291DEBDA2C
Salem Witch Trials Religion was such a big deal in the New England colonies that in one particular town, Salem, Massachusetts, people began accusing each other of being witches. To Puritans, the devil was very real. They believed any thing bad or scary was the work of the devil.
Salem Witch Trials In 1692, a group of young girls first accused their slave of being a witch. Overtime, others in the town of Salem began being accused of being witches and working with evil spirits.
Salem Witch Trials Things got so bad that over 100 Puritan community members were accused of being witches. The clergy men were in charge of holding the witch trials and determining if the accused community members were actually witches.
The Salem Witch Trials During the Salem Witch Trials, the male leaders arrested a 4 year old. Her name was Dorcas Good. She had been accused by older girls of witchcraft. Dorcas was sent to prison. She spent 7 long months chained to a wall in a dark dungeon. In prison she was not even allowed a doll because they were afraid she could use it for witchcraft.
The Witch Hunt The male clergy men ( church leaders) in Salem ended up sentencing 20 people who had been accused of being witches. Their executions were horrible. They included be hanged and crushed to death by tons of rocks. Ironically, it was the people in the community that seemed to have no power that were accused the most often. This included, women, the old, the sick and the poor.
Postcard Create a Postcard from one of the New England colonies. In your postcard discuss the following… Your picture MUST be detailed enough for someone to know what region you are writing about by just looking at the picture!!! • What New England colony do are you writing from? • What are the colonists around you like? • Why did the colonists in New England come to America? • What is the climate and land like in New England? • Describe subsistence farming. • What types of jobs do most people have? why?
Movie Continued…what’s happening now.. Puritans, Puritans and More Puritans!!
More and More Puritans Come to America As more and more Englishmen come over to America looking for a new life conflicts (fights) over land begin to grow. The English believed that there was all this open, unclaimed land that was just there for the taking. How do you think this idea of free land impacted how the English interacted with the Native Americans?
King Philip’s War King Philip was the son of the great chief Massasoeit. Massasoeit was the powerful leader of the Wampanoag tribe that was weakened by diseases brought over by the Europeans. Massasoeit was the one who decided to help the pilgrims survive by showing them how to hunt, fish and grow crops. Describe what happens during King Philips War.
Reading the Mayflower Compact • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yga5DueGaAQ&feature=related