why britain led the industrial revolution n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on

Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution. This lithograph, The Triumph of Steam and Electricity, celebrates the accomplishments of the Industrial Revolution in England. Britain possessed several advantages that facilitated early industrialization. The first was its geography.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution' - jaser


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

This lithograph, The Triumph of Steam and Electricity, celebrates the accomplishments of the Industrial Revolution in England.

slide3

Britain possessed several advantages that facilitated early industrialization. The first was its geography.

slide4

Britain has a damp climate. This was good for textile production, because it helped to keep the fibers in the material soft and easy to work with. In addition, Britain has many deposits of coal and iron, both of which fueled the machines.

slide5

In addition, Britain’s location also kept it isolated from European wars. This allowed the nation to focus on industry: factories and creating new types of transportation.

slide6

Notes:

Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution

Geography:

  • The English climate was good for textile production.
  • There were plenty of natural resources, such as iron and coal.
  • The separation from the European continent kept England out of wars.

(37 words)

slide7

Government:

Britain had the advantage of an absence of internal trade barriers. This means that products and goods could move from one area of Britain to another, without being taxed. This encouraged internal British trade. In addition, the British government allowed its population to relocate to different towns.

slide8

Travel and trade were also made easier by the early development of canals and rivers.

slide9

In addition, both private companies and the government contributed to transportation improvements, such as building railways.

slide10

Social Factors:

British society tended to be organized in a manner less rigid and hierarchical than was common in France and Germany. The most significant social groupings were occupational ones, such as merchants and artisans, as opposed to the traditional class groupings of nobility, aristocracy, and peasantry.

Why? Because Parliament is divided into two Houses, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

slide11

Although the House of Lords are inherited positions, the House of Commons is based on elections – much like our Congress.

House of Commons

Peter Tillerman, 1710

slide12

The British also took advantage of their access to international markets. A British law required merchants to use British ships for foreign trade. This promoted the British fleets. The heavy use of the fleet for trade increased the volume of imports and exports, which in turn gave Britain more purchasing power and increased the importance of the British fleet.

slide13

British Empire:

Britain also had a huge colonial empire (even with the loss of the United States). Britain enforced the economic system of mercantilism with its colonies. In addition, British-controlled colonies provided a ready-made, steady market for British goods.

slide15

Notes:

Government:

  • Internal trade was encouraged.
  • The population was allowed to relocate.
  • The government helped build canals, roads and railways.

Social Factors:

  • British society was less rigid than other European countries.
  • People could easily relocate to different areas in Britain.

(39 words)

slide17

As early as 1820, only 30% of British labor remained in agriculture. At the same time, between 80% and 100% of the continental labor was still devoted to agriculture. Because so much of continental Europe was engaged in agriculture, Britain was able to specialize in industry and import agricultural products from Europe.

slide18

In addition, the British government prohibited industrial workers, inventors, or anyone familiar with the technology to leave England. This allowed Britain to have a monopoly on these inventions, keeping Britain ahead in the industrialization process.

how did industrialization come to america
How did industrialization come to America?

Samuel Slater became involved in the textile industry at 14, when he was apprenticed to JedediahStrutt. He worked for Strutt for eight years and became a superintendent of Strutt’s mill. This is how he gained the knowledge of spinning machines.

Slater emigrated secretly to America, hoping to make his fortune in America’s textile industry. Although others with textile manufacturing experience had emigrated to America before him, Slater was the first to knew how to build and operate textile machines. He then built the first successful water powered textile mill in Rhode Island in 1793.

Slater is known as “Slater the Traitor” or “Father of the American Industrial Revolution” depending on your perspective.

slide20

So what was happening on Continental Europe at this time?

Napoleon was defeated in 1815. France was still trying to restore order after the Napoleonic Wars, and the result was that the Industrial Revolution did not spread to Continental Europe until nearly a century later.

slide21

France only began industrializing in the period 1830 – 1871, with a focus on luxury items and small-scale manufacturing. Agriculture was the basis of the French economy.

slide22

Germany industrialized even later, toward the latter part of the nineteenth century. Until 1871, Germany was not a separate country, but a number of small principalities, each with its own laws. Once Germany became unified, it created a more stable basis for an industrial economy.

slide23

Other countries, such as Belgium, Holland, Italy and Switzerland, industrialized even later.

Spain and Portugal, however, remained largely removed from the industrialization process until much later.

slide24

Notes:

Colonial Empire:

  • Britain’s colonial empire supplied the raw materials for manufactured goods (mercantilism).
  • The colonies provided a market for the manufactured goods.

Advantages of Industrializing First:

  • No other countries were competing in the manufacturing of the goods.
  • Britain maintained a monopoly on the technology.
  • Britain would not allow inventors or workers on the technology to leave Britain.