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Industrial Revolution in Great Britain

Industrial Revolution in Great Britain

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Industrial Revolution in Great Britain

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  1. Industrial Revolution in Great Britain • October 14-15, 2013 • Objective: Students will analyze how invention and industrialization contributed to socioeconomic change in Great Britain through text, video, written response and timeline.

  2. Warm-Up 1. Study your notes on the Scientific Revolution and Galileo. Create a one-sentence description of the Scientific Revolution. 2. Can you classify the Scientific Revolution as a revolution according to your group definition? Explain.

  3. Attach this text in your notebook. • “The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain” • Homework: Text Questions


  5. Life in Britain before the Industrial Revolution Most people lived in the country, worked on farms, grew their own food.

  6. Industrial Revolution A long slow process that changed the way goods were made.

  7. Causes • The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in the mid 1700s when British inventors developed new machinery to manufacture clothing (textiles). • For example, James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny in 1764, a machine that could spin several threads at once. Spinning Jenny

  8. Causes • A new system was created called the factory systemwhich brought workers and machinery together in one place to produce goods. • Prior to this, production done in the home was known as a “cottage industry”.

  9. Urbanization The process of a population shifting from farms to cities.

  10. Child Labor • Children as young as seven worked in factories and were paid very little. • Children worked changing equipment on machinery, a very dangerous job that could cause serious injury.

  11. Long Hours Factory work meant 12-14 hour days, six days a week.

  12. Changes in Home Life • The Industrial Revolution led to more family members going to work. • Women and children often went to work at factories to help support the family.

  13. New Transportation Methods • New transportation methods developed that could get goods and people to distant places faster and cheaper than ever before. Railroads

  14. Steamboat • The first successful steamboat voyage was in 1807. • Goods could now be moved more quickly and cheaper than before.

  15. Canals Man-made waterways were constructed to transport goods.

  16. Roads • Roads were built and improved. • Farmers and manufacturers could transport crops and goods to sell.

  17. Railroads • The transport of materials - coal and iron ore from the mines and raw cotton from the docks – became cheaper thus the goods produced were cheaper. • Railroads were used by coal-burning, steam-power locomotives that provided quick transportation to places inaccessible by water.

  18. Industrial Output

  19. Text Questions. Use RACE. • Answer questions. Use RACE by referencing the written text, PowerPoint slides and video. • What were some of the challenges workers faced moving from a rural to a factory environment? • Why were products made in mass quantities? • What were some of the changes these products provided?

  20. Text Questions. Use RACE. • Answer both questions. Use RACE by referencing the written text, PowerPoint slides and video. • Explain and identify examples of how industrialization changed the productive capacity of Great Britain. • Describe the revolutionary impact on society as a result of the Industrial Revolution.

  21. 18th century British inventors • John Kay • James Hargreaves • Richard Arkwright • Samuel Crompton • Edmund Cartwright • George Stephenson

  22. Use your technology or CHMS iPad to answer. • What is the purpose of the invention? • When was this invented? • What impact did this invention have on society?

  23. works cited • • • •