An age of ideologies
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An Age of Ideologies. 4.1. Use a form of the question in your answers. Conservatives Prefer the Old Order. Ideologies are systems of thought and belief. Conservatives.

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Conservatives prefer the old order
Conservatives Prefer the Old Order

  • Ideologies are systems of thought and belief.


  • In the Concert of Europe, conservatives agreed to work together to support the political and social order that had existed before.

  • Conservatives wanted to return to the way things were before the French Revolution in 1789.

  • They wanted to restore the royal families to the thrones they had lost when Napoleon swept across France.


  • Conservatives also backed the established church.

  • They supported a social hierarchy in which lower classes looked up to and respected the higher class.

  • They thought that natural rights and constitutional government could only lead to chaos.

  • Opposed freedom of the press and thought protests should be crushed.

Answer the following questions
Answer the Following Questions

  • 1. What was the main goal of the conservatives in the Concert of Europe? Give three examples of how were they going to achieve this?

  • 2. Using the definition of what an ideology is, how is conservatism an ideology?

Liberals and nationalists seek change
Liberals and Nationalists Seek Change

  • Liberals were inspired by the Enlightenment. They challenged the conservatives.

  • Liberalism and Nationalism started many revolts.

  • Liberals wanted governments to be based on written constitutions and separation of powers.

  • They defended the Enlightenment ideas of natural rights of people, liberty, equality, and property. Also that there should be a separation of powers and that government is responsible to the people.

  • They called for rulers to be elected by the people.


  • The role of government was to protect basic rights like freedom of thought, speech, and religion.

  • Later they supported the idea of universal manhood suffrage, giving all adult men the right to vote.

  • They supported the ideas of Adam Smith. They saw the free market as an opportunity for business people to succeed.


  • In the 1800’s, national groups that shared a common heritage set out to win their own states.

  • Nationalism gave people with a common heritage a sense of identity and the goal of creating their own homeland.

  • Nationalism also gave rise to intolerance and led to persecution of other groups.


  • 3. How did liberalism reflect Enlightenment ideals?

  • 4. Identify the goals of liberals.

  • 5. What were the goals of nationalists?

Central europe challenges the old order
Central Europe Challenges the Old Order

  • Rebellions erupted in the Balkans, southeastern Europe.

  • This area was inhabited by various groups who had lived under Ottoman rule for hundreds of years.

  • The first Balkan people to revolt were the Serbs.

  • The Serb leader Karageorge led a war against the Ottomans.

  • It was unsuccessful but led to a revival of Serbian identity and a feeling of nationalism.


  • 1815 Milos Obrenovic led the Serbs in a second successful rebellion.

  • Russian support helped the Serbs win autonomy, or self-rule with the Ottoman empire.

Greece revolts
Greece Revolts

  • 1821 Greeks revolted to end Ottoman rule.

  • Greeks had the support of romantic writers such as Lord Byron.

  • Admirers of Greece backed the Greek rebels.

  • By 1830 Greece was independent.

  • The European powers forced the Greeks to accept a German king.


  • 6. How were the two Serbian uprisings different?

  • 7. Who supported the Greeks? Who did the Greeks revolt against?

Two newspaper articles
Two Newspaper Articles

  • You area a newspaper reporter for an American newspaper.

  • First…

  • Using the European Ideologies Around 1800 chart, write a three paragraph article about the differences between the three ideologies.

Second article
Second Article

  • Second…

  • Using the European Revolts in the Early 1800’s, write a three paragraph article telling people in America about the revolts in Serbia, Greece, and other places.