Chapter 16 – Southern Europe. Section Notes. Video. Impact of the Olympics on Athens. Physical Geography Greece Italy Spain and Portugal. Maps. Southern Europe: Political Southern Europe: Physical Europe: Climate Greece: Population Spain and Portugal: Languages Southern Europe
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Impact of the Olympics on Athens
Spain and Portugal
Southern Europe: Political
Southern Europe: Physical
Spain and Portugal: Languages
Spain and Portugal: Climate
Per Capita GDP of Greece
Italian History: The Renaissance
Focus on Culture: Flamenco
Chapter 16 Visual Summary
Southern Europe also includes many islands. Some, such as Crete and Sicily, are very large.
Because the peninsulas and islands all border on the Mediterranean Sea, the region of Southern Europe is also called Mediterranean Europe.Main Idea 1:Southern Europe’s physical features include rugged mountains and narrow coastal plains.
Southern Europe is famous for its pleasant climate.
Most of the region enjoys warm, sunny days and mild nights for most of the year. Little rain falls during the summer, but rain is more common in the winter.
Geographers call the type of climate found in Southern Europe a Mediterranean climate.
Greece has been called the birthplace of Western culture.
The ancient Greeks were pioneers in many fields and made great achievements. They created great art, designed amazing buildings, invented new forms of literature, explored many fields of science, and developed democracy.
In the 300s BC Greece became part of Alexander the Great’s empire. As a result, Greek culture spread through Egypt and much of Southwest Asia.
About three-fifths of Greece’s population lives in cities.
Athens, the capital, is the largest city. One-third of all people in Greece live there.
Athens is an industrial center.
Industry has led to pollution, which damages the ruins and causes health problems.
Life in Rural Greece
Life in the country is very different from life in the city.
Many people live in isolated mountain villages, as Greeks have for thousands of years.
Rural Greeks grow crops and raise sheep and goats.
Village life often centers around the village square, where people meet to chat and make decisions.Main Idea 3:In Greece today, many people are looking for new economic opportunities.
Few mineral resources
Relatively little farmland
Greece’s shipping industry is one of the world’s most successful. It has one of the largest fleets of shipping vessels in the world.
Tourism is another major industry.
Millions of people visit Greece each year.
Tourist attractions include ancient ruins, beaches, and islands.
The Greek government has worked to increase tourism.The Greek Economy
In the past, the Catholic Church was the single most important influence in Italian culture.Main Idea 2:Religion and local traditions have helped shape Italy’s culture.
Italian cities are filled with Catholic churches. Rome alone contains hundreds of churches from various periods of history.
Religious holidays and festivals are major events in Italy.Main Idea 2
Italy’s capital, Rome, is in central Italy and has ties to both the north and the south.
Both Phoenicia and Greece founded colonies in Iberia, the peninsula on which Spain and Portugal are located.
Iberia later became part of the Roman Empire.
The Moors, Muslims from North Africa, invaded Iberia after Rome fell. They ruled the area for about 600 years.
By the end of 1400s Christian rulers from Spain and Portugal had banded together to drive the Moors from Iberia.
Spain and Portugal built huge empires that included lands in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
Music and Art
Music and Art
Spain and Portugal did not develop industrial economies like other countries in Europe because they were already rich.
As Spanish and Portuguese colonies became independent, the source of gold and silver disappeared.Main Idea 3: Having been both rich and poor in the past, Spain and Portugal today have growing economies.