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Segregation

Segregation

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Segregation

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  1. Segregation Friday October 4, 2013

  2. Bell Ringer Caption: “Buncombe and Boodle” “They can never catch labor with that combination” Puck 1896 Answer: Who is represented? What is the message conveyed in this cartoon? Terms to know: Silverite Goldbug Greenback Rebate

  3. Segregation • In the late 1800s, Southern states passed laws that denied African Americans the right to vote and imposed segregation on them • Sharecroppers – landless farmers who had to hand over to the landlord a large portion of their crops to cover the cost of rent, seed, tools, and other supplies • Exodusters – mass migration of African Americans from the rural South to Kansas led by Benjamin “Pap” Singleton

  4. Colored Farmers’ National Alliance • Formed 1886 • Set up cooperatives • Many joined the Populist Party

  5. Disfranchising • Voting discrimination • Property ownership • Literacy • Poll tax • Ex. Alabama • 1890 181,000 African Americans could vote • 1900 3,700 could vote

  6. Jim Crow Laws • Jim Crow Laws – laws enforcing segregation • Jim Crow was a white minstrel who darkened his face and crudely imitated supposed African American behavior • 1883 Supreme Court said 14th amendment “no state” could deny citizens equal protection under the law did not apply to private businesses • Racial violence • Lynchings– executions without court proceedings • Done by mobs

  7. Response • Ida B Wells • Wrote against lynchings • Lynchings decreased in the 1900s because of activists such as Wells • Booker T. Washington • Focused on economic goals • Pushed for education • WEB Du Bois • Said African Americans should demand their rights • Voting rights Washington Wells Du Bois

  8. Plessy vs. Ferguson • 1892 • African American Homer Plessy was arrested for riding in a “whites-only” car and brought to trial before criminal court judge John H. Ferguson • Ferguson rejected Plessy’s argument that the law was unconstitutional • 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson • Supreme Court upheld the LA law and expressed a new legal doctrine endorsing “separate but equal” facilities

  9. Today’s Activity • Read through summary of Plessy vs. Ferguson • Answer questions on the back in complete sentences. • Please work quietly so those around you can concentrate! While you work, listen to the rags of Scott Joplin the “King of Ragtime.” He was an African American composer born in Texas in the 1860s, lived in Sedalia, Missouri among other places, and died in New York in 1917. His father was a slave Ragtime: Ragtime developed in African American communities throughout the southern parts of the Midwest, particularly Missouri. Bands would combine the structure of marches with black songs and dances such as the cakewalk. The music, which predated the explosion of sound recordings, became widespread through the sale of published sheet music and piano rolls. In this way it contrasts sharply from early jazz, which was spread by recordings and live performances.