Lim Sei Kee @ cK. HND – 4. Motivation. Introduction. Motivation is the result of the interaction of the individual and the situation . Individuals differ in their basic motivational drive . The level of motivation varies both between individuals and within individuals at different times.
These early theories may not be valid, but they do form the basis for contemporary theories and are still used by practicing managers.
Esteem: the need for respect and recognition of others [respect, recognition, and a sense of our own accomplishment and worth]
Assumes that employees dislike work, lack ambition, avoid responsibility, and must be directed and coerced to perform.
Assumes that employees like work, seek responsibility, are capable of making decisions, and exercise self-direction and self-control when committed to a goal.
- Employees can view work as being as natural
as rest or play
There are three groups of core needs: existence, relatedness, and growth.
Existence: provision of basic material requirements.
Relatedness: desire for relationships.
Growth: desire for personal development.
More than one need can be operative at the same time.
If a higher-level need cannot be fulfilled, the desire to satisfy a lower-level need increases.
Give feedback regularly!
value of reward
“If I work hard,
will I get the job
will I get when
the job is well done?”
do I value?”