The Journey to the Civil Rights Movement
Home What were Jim Crow Laws? Legislation Violence The Great Migration Jim Crow Laws Martin Luther King, Jr.
Crucial Legislation Fourteenth Amendment (1868) Designed to grant citizenship to individuals once enslaved Separate Car Act(1890) Separate but equal train car accommodations Plessyv. Ferguson (1896) Upheld prior segregation laws :Separate but equal
Colorado White: 65 Black: 3
The great migration "The North symbolized to me all that I had not felt or seen; it had no relation to what actually existed. Yet by imagining a place where everything is possible, it kept hope alive inside of me." Richard Wright
Miscegenation: Prohibited interracial marriages 1901: The Alabama Constitution is amended to block the passage of any law authorizing or legalizing interracial marriage. The measure will remain unchanged until November 2000. 1955:The Maryland legislature amends an anti-miscegenation statute first passed in 1884. Under the new law, any white woman who births a child conceived with a black or mixed-race man will be imprisoned for up to five years. The law will be renewed in 1957.
Jim Crow’s Proper Etiquette • A Black male could not shake hands with a White male • Blacks and Whites were not supposed to eat together. • Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended Whites. • Whites did not use names of respect when referring to Blacks, for example, Mr., Mrs., Ms., Sir or Ma'am. • If a Black person rode in a car with a White person, the Black person sat in the back seat or the back of a truck.
“There comes a time when people get tired of being trampled over by the tired feet of oppression …” Martin Luther King, Jr
The Movement Grows And The Journey Intensifies