The Civil Rights Movement To Kill A Mockingbird Pre-Reading Research Project Mackenzie Maher & Heather Sottile
Background Information • During the 1950’s and 1960’s Jim Crow Laws created segregation and promoted race inspired violence. • Barred African Americans from schools, bathrooms, theaters, train cars, etc. • African Americans wanted equal rights and many leaders rose to obtain equality.
Interesting Facts • Birmingham and march on Washington • Montgomery bus boycott • Selma to Montgomery March • 1954 Brown vs. Topeka • Greyhound Bus Freedom Riders
Martin Luther King Jr. • 1957 Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King is made the first president. • April 16, 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Alabama. This was where he wrote his “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws.
Martin Luther King Jr. • August 28, 1963 About 200,000 people join the March on Washington. Congregating at the Lincoln Memorial, participants listen as Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his famous “I Have A Dream” speech. • April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, Martin Luther King Jr., at age 39, is shot as he stands on the balcony outside his hotel room. Escaped convict and committed racist James Earl Ray is convicted of the crime.
Relations to “To Kill A Mockingbird” • We believe that the story of “To Kill a Mockingbird” is based on the ideas of segregation and equal rights for African Americans. We think this because the Civil Rights Movement was started because African Americans wanted equal rights to everyone else. Therefore this story must have something to do with African American’s rights.