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Emancipation Proclamation/African Americans during the Civil War. Standard 4.3 E.Q. How did the Emancipation Proclamation impact the Civil War? . Lincoln thoughts on Slavery . President Lincoln did not approve of slavery, but he only focused on preserving the Union.

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emancipation proclamation african americans during the civil war

Emancipation Proclamation/African Americans during the Civil War

Standard 4.3

E.Q. How did the Emancipation Proclamation impact the Civil War?

lincoln thoughts on slavery
Lincoln thoughts on Slavery
  • President Lincoln did not approve of slavery, but he only focused on preserving the Union.
    • WANTED TO ABOLISH SLAVERY BUT DID NOT BELIEVE IN EQUALITY!!!!!!
      • Stated if he could resolve the slavery issue send all African Americans to Libra.
reasons for emancipation
Reasons for Emancipation
  • Confiscation Act: which ordered the seizure of land from disloyal southerners and the emancipation of their slaves.
  • Appeal to the strong antislavery sentiment in Britain
  • Weaken the Confederacy’s ability to wage war by removing their source of labor.
  • President Lincoln would establish Emancipation after a major victory for the Union
    • Antietam
emancipation proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
  • Emancipation Proclamation: the liberation of slaves behind confederate lines.
      • DID NOT immediately free any slaves
      • Military action aimed at the states that rebelled.
      • Did not apply to area already occupied by Union (To keep neutral states from seceding)
benefits of emancipation
Benefits of Emancipation
  • It united the Republican Party
  • Gave a moral purpose to the war
  • It prevented Great Britain from entering the war.
  • It allowed blacks to enlist.
views on the war
Views on the war
  • Democrats: claimed it prolong the war by antagonizing the South
  • Soldiers: neutral as it would end the war quicker.
  • The Confederacy: if it lost, its slave society would perish.
  • The Union: knew that it could only win by completely defeating the South.
role of african american military
Role of African American military
  • Faced discrimination:
    • Served in separate regiments under white officers
    • Could not rise above the rank of captain (traditional scouts or front line)
  • Higher morality rate
    • Jobs = diseases
    • No clothing allowance
  • Believe by fighting would lead to black citizenship.
  • Not treated as POW (prisoners of war)
    • Either shot on the spot or returned to slavery.
fort wagner and advantages of the emancipation
Fort Wagner and advantages of the Emancipation
  • Southern prison fort
    • Over 200 black prisoners were killed with their white commander.
  • Slaves in the south that couldn’t run would destroy the plows, fences, weapons, etc. to prevent economic growth of the South.