african american history from the civil war to the present n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
African American History from the Civil War to the Present PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
African American History from the Civil War to the Present

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 123
snowy

African American History from the Civil War to the Present - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

107 Views
Download Presentation
African American History from the Civil War to the Present
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. African American History from the Civil War to the Present dr. Liz Bryant

  2. The end of reconstruction…

  3. African Americans during Reconstruction • Could vote • Could hold political office • Due to Radical Reconstruction

  4. Issue: Idea of “Negro Supremacy”

  5. Idea That Blacks Were Less Than Human

  6. Idea That Blacks Were Stupid

  7. Stereotypes of Blacks

  8. Never the Reality

  9. Re-Emergence of “Redeemer” Governments

  10. Election of 1876 • Rutherford B. Hayes (165) • Samuel Tilden (184)

  11. Rutherford B. Hayes

  12. Samuel Tilden

  13. Election of 1876 • Needed 185 Electoral Votes to win the presidency

  14. Election of 1876 • Issue: where would the votes for Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana go

  15. Joint Electoral Commission • Created to determine who would get the presidency

  16. Painting of the “Electoral Commission of 1877 (Florida Case)”

  17. Compromise of 1877 • ENDS RECONSTRUCTION

  18. Compromise of 1877 • Disputed votes go to Hayes (Republican) • Military rule in the south is ended

  19. Compromise of 1877 • What does this mean for African-Americans? • All civil and political rights gained during Reconstruction are quickly lost

  20. African-Americans in post civil war america…

  21. Emergence of the “New South”

  22. The “New South” • Whites ensure that African-Americans have no social or political rights

  23. African-Americans in the New South • All of the gains blacks had made during Reconstruction are gone

  24. Blacks and the Republican Party • African-Americans felt as if they had been betrayed by the Republican Party

  25. Blacks and the Democratic Party • Blacks would not support the Democrats on a large-scale basis • White, southern, conservative political party

  26. Who Could Blacks Support? • Greenback Party • Readjuster Party

  27. 3rd Parties • Never able to achieve the same success as the Democrats or the Republicans • Goals of African-Americans are never their primary focus

  28. The Populist Party

  29. The Populist Party

  30. Election of 1892

  31. James B Weaver

  32. Populist Party • Seen as the best alternative to Southern racism • Wanted farmers of all races to unite against the government • Most popular in the South and Midwest

  33. Marion Butler (SC)

  34. Tom Watson

  35. Tom Watson

  36. African Americans and the Populist Party • Promised African-Americans civil and political rights • Did NOT promise social equality

  37. The South and the Populist Party • White supremacy remained more important than Populist ideals • Whites were not willing to vote against the Democratic Party

  38. The Populist Party • Were incorporated into the Democratic Party by 1896 • Stopped being a viable alternative for change

  39. Blacks and Politics • Blacks still saw Republicans as the “Party of Lincoln” • Democrats and Republicans know this • Have no incentive to change their politics

  40. Meanwhile the KKK Continued Their Tactics…

  41. Voter Intimidation

  42. Disfranchisement Techniques • Target anyone who opposed the Democratic Party (scalawags, carpetbaggers) but mostly impacted African Americans

  43. Disfranchisement Techniques • Poll Tax • Grandfather clause • Literacy test • “Understanding” • White primary • Residency requirement • Property Qualifications • Moral Stipulations • “Good Character” Clause

  44. Impact of Disfranchisement Techniques: Immediate and Tremendous • Louisiana • 1894- 130,300 Black Voters • 1900- 1350 Black Voters

  45. Rebecca Latimer Fenton

  46. Rebecca Latimer Felton

  47. Reaction of Northern Whites to Disfranchisement…

  48. Reaction of Northern Whites • Not really concerned • Focused on issues in the north • Racist

  49. Blacks were not content with the loss of their rights…