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The War of 1812

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  1. The War of 1812

  2. America's 2nd War for Independence

  3. Causes of the War

  4. Impressment Between 1808-1811 Britain impressed over 5,000 American sailors.

  5. Native American Attacks The British were supplying the Native Americans on the frontier with guns to lead attacks on American settlers


  6. British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh

  7. Presidential Election of 1808

  8. James Madison Becomes President in 1809

  9. Dolly Madison: The President’s Greatest Asset

  10. Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811 • General William HenryHarrison  governor ofthe Indiana Territory. • Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands. • Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe. • This made Harrison a national hero!

  11. “War Hawks” John C. Calhoun [SC] Henry Clay [KY]

  12. Presidential Election of 1812

  13. “Mr. Madison’s War!”

  14. American Problems • The US was unprepared militarily: • Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s800 ships. • Most troops came from state militias and not a proper army • Financially unprepared: • Flood of paper $. • Revenue from import tariffs declined. • Regional disagreements between New England and other areas of the country

  15. Mapof theWarof1812

  16. 3 U. S. Invasions of 1812

  17. Campaigns of 1813

  18. Battle of Fort McHenry,1814 Oh Say Can You SeeBy the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key

  19. Hartford Convention • The New England states met in Hartford, Connecticut in December 1814 • Because trade was cut off during the war, New Englanders’ way of life of shipping & trading was threatened • The states discussed if they should SECEDE from the United States • SECEDE means to “break away” and start your own country

  20. Treaty of GhentDecember 24, 1814 This treaty ends the War of 1812

  21. The Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815 Because of slow communication across the ocean, this battle takes place AFTER the Treaty of Ghent is signed that ends the war.

  22. The Battle of New Orleans, 1815