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The War of 1812

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  1. The War of 1812

  2. Bell Ringer In which of the following ways was the outcome of the War of 1812 advantageous to Americans? A. The British defeat in the Battle of New Orleans boosted American morale B. The British agreed to stop interdicting American slave ships C. The British defeat allowed the US government to initiate treaties with the Indians D. The British promised to end their support of Tecumseh and other tribal leaders

  3. A. The British defeat in the Battle of New Orleans boosted American morale

  4. The War of 1812 • Began in 1812 • Trade issues and British control of American citizens sparked tension

  5. Americans fought two and a half years against British, Canadian, and Native American forces • The war ended as a stalemate in 1815

  6. The Beginning... • America was a young nation • Didn’t have a large, strong army • Borders to the north and northwest were unsecured and vulnerable to attack (mainly by the British)

  7. Tension between America and Britain • Tension between Americans and northern Native American tribes • Tecumseh – “The Prophet” – Organized a confederacy of Native Americans to stand up against the Americans

  8. Battles began • Congress votes to declare war • President Madison signed the measure on June 18, 1812

  9. American fought British, Canadian, and Native American forces • Sea – American Navy battled the British Navy • Land – American invasions into Canada • All failed

  10. 1813-1814 – American forces fought better, were unable to take Canada • Americans continued to battle Tecumseh (with British forces) in the northwest • Battle of the Thames – October 1813 • Tecumseh dies

  11. His death ended any hope of a confederacy among the Native American tribes of the Northwest Territory

  12. Battle of New Orleans • Andrew Jackson – promoted to major general in the US Army • Commanded troops from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana • British headed toward Louisiana in late 1814

  13. Jackson’s troops • Mostly inexperienced volunteers • Free blacks, Tennessee and Kentucky riflemen, and Louisiana militia • Some pirates • January 1815 – fought British with rifle and cannon fire

  14. Americans only suffered a handful of deaths • Jackson became a national icon and hero overnight • This later helped him win the presidency

  15. Back Up North...

  16. August 1814 – British burn the White House and Capitol building in Washington DC • The British turned to Baltimore • British bombs fell on Fort McHenry for more than 24 hours • Failed – Baltimore remained in American hands • Successful defense of the city lead to the writing of the Star Spangled Banner

  17. The Star Spangled Banner • Written by Francis Scott Key • Congress declares it as the National Anthem - 1931

  18. The War’s End • By the end of 1814, war became a stalemate • Peace Treaty signed • Treaty of Ghent • December 24, 1814

  19. Went into effect when ratified on February 16, 1815 • The war is officially over • US agreed to drop all demands regarding British control and trade restrictions and withdraw forces from Canada • The war ended with almost 20,000 casualties and without any exchange of territory

  20. Results of the War • Defeated British for a 2nd time • Increased Nationalism • Nationalism – extreme pride in one’s country • Americans started to feel like a united country of Americans • See themselves as part of a whole nation – not just a “Virginian” or a “Kentuckian”

  21. Americans feel like the whole continent is theirs to govern

  22. Star Spangled Banner • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qzzvOv_iJro

  23. How Well Do You Know the Star Spangled Banner? The Star-Mangled Banner Activity

  24. Exit Slip List 3 facts you learned about the War of 1812 Socrative – Room Number: 448692 m.socrative.com