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Abnormal Psychology. Learning Target: Classifying Disorders. Daily Question. So I asked you to find a behavior that used to be considered a mental disorder in an older version of the DSM. What did you find? Why do you think psychologists classified these? Do think society played a role?

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abnormal psychology

Abnormal Psychology

Learning Target:

Classifying Disorders

daily question
Daily Question
  • So I asked you to find a behavior that used to be considered a mental disorder in an older version of the DSM.
  • What did you find?
  • Why do you think psychologists classified these? Do think society played a role?
  • If you couldn’t find one think about how society was 40 years ago and what behaviors might have been viewed as a mental disorder
  • The 3 criteria for classifying a Mental Disorder are:_________, __________, __________
  • And the Book Abnormal Psychologists use is called the: _______________.
w hat kinds of disorders are out there
What Kinds of Disorders are out there?
  • Take 2 minutes to talk to the people around your desk and come up with a list of 3-5 Disorders you may have heard about.
  • What have we come up with??
types of disorders from our list
Types of Disorders from our List
  • We came up with several disorders!
  • Are any of these disorders similar to each other?
  • Do some of them have common behaviors?
what are the types of disorders
What are the types of Disorders?
  • Anxiety
  • Somatoform Disorders
  • Dissociate Disorders
  • Mood Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Let’s see if we can fit our list into these types.
  • There are many more, but these are the ones we will cover in the Unit.
1 anxiety disorders
1. Anxiety Disorders
  • Marked by several factors
    • Excessive Fear
    • Caution
    • Attempts to avoid

scenarios that cause anxiety

anxiety disorders
Anxiety Disorders
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
    • Feeling that one is

in danger all

the time.

    • Fear of the


phobic disorders
Phobic Disorders
  • When severe anxiety is focused on a particular object, animal, activity, or situation that seems out of proportion to the real danger that is involved with that item.
  • Activity:
    • Talk to a person not by you.
    • Come up with 2 items that

some one could develop

a phobia over.

top ten phobias
Top Ten Phobias

Fear of Spiders. Half of women and 10 per cent of men have, to some degree, a fear of spiders.

2. Social Phobia
Fear of being evaluated negatively in social situations.

3. Aerophobia Fear of flying.

4. Agoraphobia Agoraphobia involves intense fear and avoidance of any place or situation where escape might be difficult or help unavailable in the event of developing sudden panic-like symptoms.

5.Claustrophobia: Fear of being trapped in small confined spaces.

6. Acrophobia: Fear of heights.

7. Emetophobia: Fear of vomit.

8. Carcinophobia: Fear of cancer.

9. Brontophobia: Fear of thunderstorms.

10.Necrophobia: Fear of death or or dead things

panic disorder
Panic Disorder
  • Feeling of sudden, helpless terror.
  • Marked by panic attacks.
obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Marked by unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions)
  • Or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions)
  • YouTube: Aviator.
post traumatic stress disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Caused by traumatic events
  • Marked by involuntary

flashbacks of the event

  • Overwhelms the sense

of reality and ability

to cope

  • Design a scenario that may or may not be an anxiety disorder.
    • Remember to use the 3 criteria!
    • 3 to 4 sentences
  • Trade with another person that you usually do not work with.
  • Answer their scenario.
exit question
Exit Question

REMEMBER: HOMEWORK! Next Class to have a disorder picked out.

daily question1
Daily Question
  • We have gone through a few disorders this week.
  • Look at two disorders of your choice from those we have gone through.
  • Compare and contrast the disorders.
    • Come up with 1 compare and 1 contrast item.
    • Refer to your notes sheet
  • What Class of Disorders did we do last class?

_______________ ______________

  • Name two specific disorders that we went through. ____________, _____________
  • What are the 3 Criteria used to classify behaviors as mental disorders?


what are the types of disorders1
What are the types of Disorders?
  • Anxiety
  • Somatoform Disorders
  • Dissociate Disorders
  • Mood Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Schizophrenia
2 somatoform disorders
2. Somatoform Disorders
  • Originally Known as Hysteria
  • Can we predict what these

disorders effect?

Tune in to the scenario!

  • Peggie lost her son in a car accident. Somehow the trauma caused her to loose her eye sight. Peggie’s eye doctor performed eye tests that confirm that Peggie has no physical problems with her eyes, but yet she claims that she still can’t see.
  • What do you think causes this to happen?
    • Maybe she’s hypnotizing herself?
    • Or she’s shutting her brain down?
    • What do you think?
  • Do you think Peggie has control over this?
  • What should Peggie do if she was your sister?
conversion disorder
Conversion Disorder
  • Emotional difficulties convert into the loss of a specific physiological function.
  • Those who suffer from the disorder have no problem with those physical body parts but yet they do not work as they should.
  • Danielle’s Journey Video.
  • Marked by a preoccupation with imaginary ailments.
    • Always looking for signs of an illness
    • Cuts them off from daily functions
  • Why do we classify these disorders in the same group?
3 dissociate disorders
3. Dissociate Disorders
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
  • (previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder)
  • Sufferers exhibit two or more personality states, each with its own pattern of thinking and behaving.
  • Possible origins are from childhood trauma as a coping mechanism.
  • Case: Herschel Walker
  • I want you to imagine a TV/Movie show that shows this disorder.
    • Examples: Fight Club, Shutter Island, CSI, Criminal Minds, Hide and Seek, Me Myself, and Irene.
    • If you have not seen anything dealing with DID pair up with a person who has and have them explain it to you.
  • On a scale of 1 to 10 where do you think this movie fits in realistically with the Disorder?
  • Reflection:
  • The United States has the highest rate of individuals suffering from DID.
  • In other countries they have very few reports if any about this disorder.

This is what makes this disorder controversial.

  • So, what is going on here in North America?
  • Design a scenario that illustrates a disorder we’ve discussed so far in the unit.
    • Remember to use the 3 criteria!
    • 3 to 4 sentences
  • Then after you are done:
  • Trade with another person that you usually do not work with.
  • Quiz them to see if that person can identify the disorder.
4 mood disorders
4. Mood Disorders
  • First, lets identify some moods?
  • How might these moods become disorders?
    • Hint: think of the 3 criteria.
  • How might mood disorders affect your daily life?
major depressive disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
  • What might be some of the symptoms?
  • Marked by feeling depressed, sad, anxious, fatigued, and agitated, experiencing a reduced ability to function and interact with others.
  • At least two or more weeks spent in this state.
major depression disorder
Major Depression Disorder
  • Question:
  • Why do you think it might be difficult for people suffering from major depressive disorder to take action to overcome the disorder?
  • Talk to someone across the room and come up with a response to this question.
seasonal affect disorder
Seasonal Affect Disorder
  • What seasons would we most likely see this disorder occurring in?
    • What countries might this affect more people?
  • Marked by deep depression during the winter months of the year.
  • Depression breaks

at the signs of spring.

How might we treat this?

bipolar disorder
Bipolar Disorder
  • Marked by excessive and inappropriate happiness or unhappiness.
  • Manic phase: Excessive Hyperactivity
  • Depressive phase: Feelings of sadness.
5 personality disorders
5. Personality Disorders
  • Very different then any of the disorders we’ve discussed.
  • They do not suffer from anything that is overtly bizarre.
  • 3 markers
    • Unable to establish meaningful relationships
    • Assume social responsibilities
    • Adapting to their social environment
anti social personality disorder
Anti-Social Personality Disorder
  • Marked by the persistent patterns of disregarding and violating the rights of others without feeling remorse
  • Thrill Seekers
  • Case Study:

My Great Aunt Clara

exit question1
Exit Question
  • We have brought up many behaviors that are symptoms of psychological disorders or are psychological disorders.
  • We’ve also connected these behaviors to events that maybe a few of us have had in our lives.
    • My spider incident, test anxiety, fears.
  • So, when do you think it is necessary for one who suffers from these behaviors to seek help?
  • Or in other words, where do we draw the line between a mild disorder and a major disorder?
    • 3 to 4 sentences
apa formatting
APA Formatting
  • When searching for articles on Badgerlink or Ebsco host, there is an option for citations in the sidebar. Select it and generate an APA citation.
  • When citing your articles in your paper. List your citation after you have referenced that article.
  • All citations will look like this (Author Date)
    • Ex: Sentence. (Dawkins 1978)
6 schizophrenia
6. Schizophrenia
  • A group of disorders characterized by confused and disconnected thoughts, emotions, and perceptions.
  • Delusions:
  • Hallucinations:
  • More to come on Monday.
    • Web quest of Schizophrenia