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Abnormal Psychology. 7/23/13. What is Abnormal Psych?. Rare or unusual behaviors, emotions, or thoughts. Usually from a clinical perspective- treating these unusual behaviors. Is all unusual behavior bad?. Nope. Only if it is: Deviant (abnormal) Dysfunctional (interfering with life)

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what is abnormal psych
What is Abnormal Psych?
  • Rare or unusual behaviors, emotions, or thoughts.
  • Usually from a clinical perspective- treating these unusual behaviors.
slide4
Nope.
  • Only if it is:
        • Deviant (abnormal)
        • Dysfunctional (interfering with life)
        • Distressing (causing you emotional stress.
  • Behavior is not considered abnormal if it is a reaction to life events.
prevalence
Prevalence
  • About 46-48% of Americans have been diagnosed with a mental disorder in their lifetimes.
  • Why so much stigma towards mental illness?
slide7
Biology
      • Some people are biologically predisposed to mental illness.
  • Psychology
      • Thinking can influence your mental climate. Remember yesterday’s lecture?
  • Culture
      • Your society can determine how you deal with or treat stress or abnormal behavior.
depression1
Depression
  • Most common mental disorder in the United States.
  • Lack of interest, appetite or weight change, sleep changes, agitation, fatigue, worthlessness, concentration issues, thoughts of death or suicide.
  • Depression is not sadness or grief!
  • Treatment
bipolar disorder1
Bipolar Disorder
  • Depression alongside cycles of mania
      • Frenzied, euphoric states
      • Impulsive and erratic behavior
  • Not to be confused with mood swings!
  • Treatment
anxiety1
Anxiety
  • Panic Disorder - “M”
  • Phobias
        • Irrational fears that are overwhelming and persistent.
          • Agoraphobia
  • Social Anxiety
  • Treatment
p t s d1
P.T.S.D.
  • A type of anxiety disorder
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Re-experiences trauma
  • Avoidance
  • Agitation
  • After witnessing an actual/threatened death or injury, along with fear, helplessness, or horror.
  • Who gets PTSD?
  • Treatment
d i d1
D.I.D.
  • Disassociative Identity Disorder
  • Used to be called Multiple Personality Disorder
  • Aspects of self are separated.
  • Very rare.
  • > 2 “personalities”
  • Cannot recall info on other personalities
  • Not due to substances
  • “V”
  • Treatment
eating disorders1
Eating Disorders
  • Most common during your age group, why?
  • Anorexia- cannot see their body for what it really looks like. Typically very underweight. Denial.
  • Bulimia- binge eating and inappropriate actions to undue binges- vomiting, starvation, laxatives.
  • 5-15% of teens experience symptoms of an eating disorder.
  • Gender? Race/Ethnicity? Age?
  • Control, obsession, self-esteem, rituals, distress.
schizophrenia1
Schizophrenia
  • Positive Symptoms- delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, paranoia
  • Negative Symptoms- flat, devoid of emotion, catatonia
  • “T”
  • Related to genetics- you are more likely to develop schizophrenia if you have a family member that has the disorder
  • May begin in the womb- toxic exposure, malnutrition, stress, or flu.
  • Swedish Army Study- associated with marijuana usage
      • Marijuana will not CAUSE schizophrenia- but if you are genetically predisposed, marijuana will significantly increase you likelihood of developing the disorder. If you have genetic predisposition and you smoke, you have 15% chance of developing schizophrenia. SCARY!
personality disorders1
Personality Disorders
  • Typically less severe.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
slide24

Reflection:Describe one of the abnormal psychology topics we covered today and relate it to an experience with yourself, a friend, a family member, or a fictional character.REMINDER:Rough Draft Due: TOMORROW Wednesday, 7/242-3pgs, typed, double spacedPresentations Begin: Monday, 7/29Final Papers Due: Tuesday, 7/30