Abnormal Psychology. The study of psychopathology. What is Psychopathology?. The study of abnormal thoughts, behaviors, and feelings. “ Psycho” refers to “mind.” Derives from the Greek “Psyche” for “soul.” “Pathology” refers to “disease.”. What constitutes abnormal behavior?.
The study of psychopathology
mania & depression occur in 1% of the pop.
Not all unusual behavior is considered abnormal!!
(e.g., superior athletic, musical, or intellectual ability)
(E.g., experiencing hallucinations, talking to inanimate objects,)
Criminals and prostitutes violate social norms, but would not necessarily fall within the context of abnormal psychology.
(E.g., substance-use disorders)
E.g., (anxiety disproportionate with the situation).
Several factors need to be examined.
Societal norms may change which behaviors are deemed abnormal.
E.g., Homosexuality was once classified as a mental disorder in the DSM (up till 1973).
What does it take to be a clinical psychologist?
-M.D. or Ph.D. degree
Scholars, theologians, and philosophers believed a troubled mind was the result of displeased Gods or possession.
Thought cognitive functioning could be restored by balancing the four humors in body: blood, black bile, yellow bile, & phlegm).
Treatment: cannabis, opium, alcohol.
Mental illness– may have biological, psychological, and/or social cause.
Treatment: somatic therapy (drugs, ECT) or psychotherapy