Homework Read about Ireland’s Troubles in your text book.
Today’s Topics SCOTLANDIRELAND
Scotland • The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state until 1707, although from 1603 England and Scotland were ruled under the same king. • On 1 May 1707, Scotland entered into an incorporating political union with England to create the united Kingdom of Great Britain.
Scotland • Scotland’s National day is celebrated on Nov. 30th , which Saint Andrew’s Day. • St. Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland • He was an apostle of Jesus and was crucified on an X-shaped cross, known as a “Saint Andrew’s Cross”
Scotland The Scottish flag therefore has a Saint Andrew’s Cross.
Scotland • Scotland’s geography is divided into the highlands (mountainous, northern) and the lowlands (hilly, more populated, southern) • Scotland is surrounded by 790 islands
Edinburgh Scotland’s capital, Edinburgh, is the economic and political center of Scotland.
Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh Castle can be found in Scotland’s capital. It is an ancient castle built atop an extinct volcano.
Edinburgh Castle • Edinburgh Castle dates back to the 9th century, though much has been destroyed over the years. • St. Margaret’s Chapel, within the castle, is the oldest surviving building, built at the beginning of the 12th century.
University of Edinburgh • One of the top European Universities and a UNESCO World Heritage site. • Famous graduates include: Charles Darwin, David Hume, and Adam Smith
Famous Scottish Thinkers Adam Smith 亚当・斯密 David Hume 休谟 Scottish philosopher, known especially for his philosophical empiricism and skepticism. • Scottish social philosopher and a pioneer of political economy.
Scottish Heroes • William Wallace was a Scottish patriot and leader of Scottish resistance to English rule. He was beheaded in 1305 • Movie: Braveheart
Scottish Heroes • Robert the Bruce was King of Scotland after the death of Wallace. • He learned much from Wallace and eventually defeated the English army in 1307. • He also successfully defended Scotland from England’s further attempts to control Scotland Statue of Robert the Bruce in Edinburgh Castle.
Robert Burns Scottish poet and a lyricist. N’tl poet of Scotland. Pioneer of the Romantic movement. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a "light" Scots dialect, understood to an audience beyond Scotland. A Red, Red Rose Auld Lang Syne Scots Wha Hae
A Red, Red Rose O my Luve's like a red, red rose That’s newly sprung in June; O my Luve's like the melodie That’s sweetly play'd in tune. As fair art thou, my bonnie lass, So deep in luve am I: And I will luve thee still, my dear, Till a’ the seas gang dry: Till a’ the seas gang dry, my dear, And the rocks melt wi’ the sun: I will luve thee still, my dear, While the sands o’ life shall run. And fare thee well, my only Luve And fare thee well, a while! And I will come again, my Luve, Tho’ it were ten thousand mile.
Auld Lang Syne • is traditionally sung to start the New Year at the stroke of midnight. It is also sung at funerals, graduations, and other farewell occasions. • Auld Lang Syne is Scots for: "old long since", or more idiomatically, "long long ago"
Auld Lang Syne Should old acquaintance be forgot, and never brought to mind ? Should old acquaintance be forgot, and (days of) old lang syne ? For auld lang syne, my dear, for auld lang syne, we'll take a cup of kindness yet, for (days of) auld lang syne.
Scots WhaHae • Scots Wha Hae ("Scots, Who Have”) is a patriotic song of Scotland which served for a long time as an unofficial national anthem of the country • It was written as a speech given by Robert the Bruce before a battle where Scotland maintained its sovereignty from England. (the Battle of Bannockburn (1314)
Scots Wha Hae [Scots, Who Have] Scots, wha hae wi' Wallace bled, Scots, wham Bruce has aften led, Welcome to yer [ your] gory bed, Or to victorie. 'Now's the day, and now's the hour: See the front o' battle lour, See approach proud Edward's power -Chains and Slavery. 'Wha will be a traitor knave? Wha will fill a coward's grave? Wha so base [卑] as be a slave? Let him turn and flee [run away]. 'Wha, for Scotland's king and law, Freedom's sword will strongly draw, Freeman stand, or Freeman fa', Let him on with me. By Oppression's woes and pains, By your sons in servile chains! We will drain [泄] our dearest veins [血管], But they shall be free. 'Lay the proud usurpers low, Tyrants fall in every foe [enemy], Liberty's in every blow! -Let us do or die.
Ireland Ireland is divided into 2 parts. The Northern part united with Great Britain and the rest of Ireland is a Republic.
Ireland Ireland is known for it’s green color, due to year-round rainfall. It is called “The Emerald Isle” （绿宝石岛）