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Unit One . Changes in the Way We Live Phoebe Hu. Outline. Language points. Homework. Presentation. Text comprehension. Presentation . Topic: Where to live, in the Country or in the City 1. City life Advantages: Convenience transportation High living standard Health care

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Unit One

Changes in the Way

We Live

Phoebe Hu

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Language points





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Topic: Where to live, in the Country or in the City

1. City life


  • Convenience transportation

  • High living standard

  • Health care

  • preferable working environment

  • Better education

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  • More job opportunities

  • Easy access to the entertainment


  • Overpopulation

  • Pollution

  • Noise

  • traffic jam

  • High crime rate

  • Fierce competition & stress

  • Indifference in interpersonal relationship

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2.Country life

  • Attraction of country

    no pollution, gorgeous scenery, fresh air, high-quality food, close to nature, quietness, peace, inexpensive housing, less pressure, less crime, less traffic:

  • Disadvantages:

    inconvenient traffic, monotonous life, tough

    conditions,lacking facilities and entertainments

    3. My preference

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Text Comprehension

1. Comprehension questions

1) What is the farm life like in the writer’s opinions? Please find examples to prove that.

The self-reliant life is satisfying but tough.

2) How can the writer manage to overcome all the hardships?

  • bear harsh environment and weather condition

  • get by on a tight budget by cutting back on the daily expenses

  • tolerate the feelings of solitude and anxiety

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2.Text organization

Part One Paras 1---3

The writer views his life in the country as a

self-reliant and satisfying one.

Part Two Paras 4---7

Life in the country is good yet sometimes

very hard.

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Part Three Paras 8---11

After quitting his job, the writer’s income was

reduced, but he and his family can manage to

Get by.

Part Four Paras 12---15

A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy

have made it possible for the family to enjoy

their life in the country.

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Further Thinking

  • What do you think are possible ways to improve the quality of our lives?

  • What kind of life do you pursue?

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Language Points

Difficult sentences in Text A:

1) Line31: There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this -- and not much for the virtuous either.

2) Line51: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went.


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3) Line60: I’m not making anywhere near as much as I did when I was employed full time…

Ⅱ. Words

1Haul (Line 16) vt 1)transport, as with a truck, cart, etc.


The farmers haul vegetables to the market on a

truck every morning.

2)pull or drag sth. with effort or force


Rescue workers hauled passengers out of the

crashed train.

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2.Supplement (Line 21) when I was employed full time…

1) vt add to sth. in order to improve it

(followed by with)


The doctor suggested supplementing my diet

with vitamins E and A.

2) n. an additional amount of sth.

She has been ill and must have supplements

to her ordinary food.

Do you read the Sunday color supplements?

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3. Get through (Line 45)come successfully to the end when I was employed full time…


The local government has taken some measures to ensure that all the people will get through the winter.


She got through the entrance examination

and was accepted by the college.

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4. On balance (Line 54) when I was employed full time…


On balance, it’s probably not advisable to

change the company’s name.

keep one’s balance

lose one’s balance

strike a balance

in the balance





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5.Illustrate (Line 56) when I was employed full time…

illustrate, exemplify & demonstrate 都是“举例说明”





Galileo_____________ that objects of different

weights fall at the same speed.

The way that a pump works is used to _________ how the heart sends blood around the body.

Knights ___________ courage and courtesy。




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6.When it comes to (Line 64) when I was employed full time…当提到……


People will think of vast stretches of field in a quiet and peaceful atmosphere when it comes to life in the countryside.


Women are not smarter than men when it comes to emotional intelligence, nor are men smarter then women.

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7. Generate (Line 61) vt. bring into existence; produce when I was employed full time…

When coal burns, it generates heat.


The widespread use of Spanish in some

American cities has generated a public

debate over language use in the country.

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8. Pick up (Line 66) when I was employed full time…

1) be ready to pay 2) take hold of and lift up

3) gain; get 4) improve 5) gather together; collect

6) collect someone or something from a place

Click the sentence to match the definition

*Where did you pick up your excellent English?

* Please pick up all your toys when you’ve finishedplaying.

* If he loses the case, Michael will have topick up the bill for legal costs.

*I’ll pick you up at your hotel.

* She picked up a stone and threw it at the window.

* Mary has been ill, but she’s picking up now.







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Draw up a budget when I was employed full time…

Submit a budget

Balance a budget

Exceed a budget

Cut (back)/reduce a budget

9. Budget (Line ) n. a plan of how to arrange

private or public income or spending







a federal/household/municipal/national budget

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10. Scale (Line 85) n. a relative level or degree (usu. used in the phrase on a … scale)


We tested our new teaching methods on a

small scale. Indeed only six classes were

involved in it.


The project was undertaken on a grand


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2. Finding the English corresponding words or phrases of the following expressions in the text.

1.过得去 2.寻觅心灵的满足 3.自力更生的生活

4.艰苦的生活 5.日常的家务 6.过冬

7.带着…的祝福 8.总的来说 9.至于

10.除…以外 11.外出吃饭 12.弥补收入差额

13.耐得住寂寞 14.自给自足 15.抵制诱惑

16.怆然离去 17.自豪感

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1 following expressions in the text.)get by 2)find contentment

3)a self-reliant life 4)a tough life

5)household routine 6)get through the winter

7) with sb.’s blessings 8)on balance

9) When it comes to 10) apart from

11) dine out 12) make up the difference in income

13) a tolerance for solitude 14) self-sufficiency

15) resist the temptation to do sth.

16) leave with a feeling of sorrow

17) a sense of pride

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Translation: following expressions in the text.

  • Resist, primarily, patronize, dine out, profit, indoor, patronize, on balance, on a large scale

  • 相当多的孩子体重越来越重,这个趋势正日益明显。这个现象主要可以用以下两个原因来解释。随着人们生活水平的提高,孩子们有更多的机会外出就餐。他们无法抵制麦当劳、肯德基或者是必胜客的诱惑。这些快餐公司在针对孩子的广告花了上百万的钱。 这些广告又反过来给公司带来了巨大的利润。孩子们经常光顾这些快餐连锁店,结果不可避免的胖起来。第二个原因是缺乏运动。今天的孩子们忙于学习,有的甚至整天呆在屋里。 卡路里摄入的增加,运动时间的减少,导致了孩子肥胖的危险。总的说来,我们应该更加关注孩子们的健康问题。应该大规模的开展一项反对西方快餐疯狂进攻中国的运动。

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Key to translation following expressions in the text.

  • There is a growing trend that quite a number of children are getting overweight. This fact can be primarily accounted for by the following two reasons. With great improvement in people’s living standard, children now have much more chances to dine out. They just can’t resist the temptation of Mc Donald, KFC or Pizza hut, which have spent millions of dollars on advertising directed at kids. This in turn brings about great profits to these companies. Children patronize these fast food outlets so often that they are inevitably getting obese. The second reason is lack of sports. Children today are extremely occupied by their studies, and some even go so far as to stay indoor all day long. Increased calorie intake and decreased exercise time leads to obesity risk in children. On balance more attention should be paid on children’s health problem, and a campaign, on a large scale, against crazy aggression of western fast food should be launched.

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Homework following expressions in the text.

1.Further thinking: What do you think are possible

ways to improve the quality of our lives? What kind

of life do you pursue?

2.Presentations: Introducing the following background information which will appear in next unit:

G1: From Abraham Lincoln to Barack Obama

G2: The Underground Railroad

3.Appreciating the movie The Great Debaters and your reflections

Which character moves or impresses you most? Which scene moves or impresses you most? Which line moves or impresses you most?

4. Preview Text A in Unit 2 and finish language focus