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FITNESS MODEL. Q&A. How would you incorporate fitness into your program/curriculum if you were the benevolent dictator? Work with a partner, write several solutions in your notes. BE CREATIVE!. Goals of the Fitness Model.

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  • How would you incorporate fitness into your program/curriculum if you were the benevolent dictator?
    • Work with a partner, write several solutions in your notes. BE CREATIVE!
goals of the fitness model
Goals of the Fitness Model


  • Physical: Achieve health enhancing levels of fitness for each health-related fitness component. What are the five components?
  • Psychological: positive values regarding exercise, internal locus of control, exercise self-efficacy, internal motivation
    • Comprehend the “how” and “why” behind fitness and wellness.
  • Cognitive: Develop knowledge of fitness concepts to lead a healthy, active life
  • Engage in regular exercise outside of school
  • Assess own fitness levels and develop a personal activity program based upon those results.
choices when to incorporate
Choices – When to Incorporate?
  • Emphasize fitness throughout every unit (include personal fitness plans and fitness assessments)
  • Emphasize fitness throughout every unit AND have a specific unit devoted to fitness
    • Fitness progression 4-8 (Solomon Schechter)
  • Designate entire grades to fitness
    • Many school districts choose the 9th and/or 10th grade.
    • This is a logical time b/c students are better understanding the importance of fitness but may not be totally ready for lifetime activities.
  • Alternate fitness units mixing classroom and gymnasium instruction with activity/sport units which also have a fitness emphasis.
    • Example
what to incorporate
What to Incorporate?
  • The choice varies greatly
    • A good option is to sample fitness related textbooks which are geared towards middle and high school physical education.
  • Authors: Charles Corbin, Ruth Lindsey, Ruth Lindsey
  • ISBN: 0736066764
  • ~$25

Unit I. Getting StartedChapter 1. Fitness and Wellness for AllChapter 2. Safe and Smart Physical ActivityChapter 3. Benefits of Physical Activity

Unit II. Becoming and Staying Physically ActiveChapter 4. How Much Is Enough?Chapter 5. Learning Self-Management SkillsChapter 6. Lifestyle Physical Activity and Positive Attitudes

Unit III. Physical Activity Pyramid: Level 2 ActivitiesChapter 7. Cardiovascular FitnessChapter 8. Active Aerobics and RecreationChapter 9. Active Sports and Skill-Related Physical Fitness

Unit IV. Physical Activity Pyramid: Level 3 ActivitiesChapter 10. FlexibilityChapter 11. Muscle Fitness: Basic Principles and StrengthChapter 12. Muscle Fitness: Muscular Endurance and General Muscle Fitness Information

Unit V. Healthy ChoicesChapter 13. Body CompositionChapter 14. Choosing Nutritious FoodChapter 15. Making Consumer Choices

Unit VI. Wellness and Personal Program Planning

Chapter 16. A Wellness PerspectiveChapter 17. Stress ManagementChapter 18. Personal Program Planning

  • Authors: Charles Corbin, Guy Masurier, Dolly Lambdin
  • ISBN: 0736065113
  • ~$25

Lesson 1.1 Introduction to Physical Activity

Lesson 1.2 Introduction to Physical Fitness

Lesson 2.1 Learning Motor Skills

Lesson 2.2 The importance of Practice

Lesson 3.1 Lifestyle Physical Activity: Level 1 of the Physical Activity Pyramid

Lesson 3.2 Benefits of Lifestyle Physical Activities

Lesson 4.1 Active Aerobics: Level 2 of Physical Activity Pyramid

Lesson 4.2 Benefits of Active Aerobics

Lesson 5.1 Active Sports and Recreation: Level 2 of the Physical Activity Pyramid

Lesson 5.2 Benefits of Active Sports and Recreation

Lesson 6.1 Flexibility Exercises: Level 3 of the Physical Activity Pyramid

Lesson 6.2 Benefits of Flexibility

Lesson 7.1 Muscle Fitness Exercises: Level 3 of the Physical Activity Pyramid

Lesson 7.2 Benefits of Muscle Fitness Exercises

Lesson 8.1 Body Composition

Lesson 8.2 Energy Balance: Physical Activity and Nutrition

Lesson 9.1 Self-Assessing Fitness and Physical Activity Needs

Lesson 9.2 Creating a Physical Activity Plan

  • Foundations of Personal Fitness
  • by McGraw-Hill, Tinker D. Murray, Tinker D. Murray
  • ISBN: 0078451272
  • ~ $75

Chapter 1 Physical Activity and Personal Fitness

Chapter 2 Safety and Injury Prevention

Chapter 3 Designing a Personal Fitness Program

Chapter 4 Nutrition and Your Personal Fitness

Chapter 5 Your Body Composition

Chapter 6 Maintaining a Healthy Body Weight

Chapter 7 Basics of Cardiorespiratory Endurance

Chapter 8 Developing Cardiorespiratory Endurance

Chapter 9 Basics of Resistance Training

Chapter 10 Developing Muscular Fitness

Chapter 11 Basics of Flexibility

Chapter 12 Personal Fitness Throughout Life

sample objectives
Sample Objectives

From Gwinnett County Public Schools

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship of exercise and lifestyle choices to one’s health and fitness status.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of health-related fitness components: CV endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of skill-related fitness (speed, agility, power, coordination).
  • Assess one’s personal fitness level.
  • Design a personal fitness program that meets individual needs and interest.
  • Participate (3 times per week) in activities such as jogging, weight training, aerobics, bicycling, circuit training, rope skipping and/or pace walking.
  • Improve one’s state of personal fitness.
  • Evaluate physical activity in terms of its fitness value.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of sound nutritional practices related to physical fitness.
sample objectives1
Sample Objectives

From Gwinnett County Public Schools

  • Evaluate an un understanding of fitness fads and fallacies as they relate to fitness participation and consumer choices.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of stress, including physiological and psychological factors.
  • Demonstrate relaxing techniques beneficial in relieving stress and tension.
  • Identify and apply injury prevention principles.
  • Use motivational strategies for enhancing participation in health-related fitness activities.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of health problems associated with inadequate fitness levels.
  • Assess individual lifestyles as related to quality living.
  • Demonstrate a positive attitude toward physical self and lifelong physical activity.
  • Understand and apply correct biomechanical and physiological principles related to exercise and training.
  • Pre and post fitness evaluation at each grade level
  • Grades should not be tied to fitness levels
    • May be permissible if related to improvement or percentile of score. That way, students score well whether they have high levels of fitness or they are improving.
    • This is a hot topic in PE
  • Technology available
    • Heart rate monitors (Polar computer software)
    • Pedometers
  • Variety of cognitive assessments
    • Log sheets, goals, observations, written tests
  • Wellness portfolios
related concept
Related Concept
  • Comprehensive School Wellness Program – Focuses all of the following areas of a school community on the wellness of students. How can each of the following groups contribute?
    • Physical Education
    • Health Education
    • Nutrition
    • Family/Home Involvement
    • Technology
    • Brain Primers (Interdisciplinary methods on how to incorporate exercise and PE into other classes)
    • Intramural
    • School Nurse
    • Wellness Adventure

Some answers – click here