LifestyleofThe Middle Ages By Ryan Place
Everyday Life Most people worked on the land, growing food and rearing livestock. Hard work Men, women, and sometimes children labored in the fields, ploughing, sowing, harvesting, and making hay for horses Life revolved around the castle and the manor
Towns A medieval town was walled and entered by gates that were shut from nightfall to sunrise. The streets were narrow and houses high The centre of the town was usually a large market square Surrounded by the town hall, town buildings, the great town church, and halls of various gilds
ClothingMen Loose tunics in which hung to the knees Wool pants were also sometimes added to the tunic, as well with leather shoes. In harsh weather men wore jackets, the length of the jacket indicated wealth.
ClothingWomen All wore tunics which fell to their ankles Under these dresses women would wear wool or linen undergarments On occasion woven tights or socks to cover their legs
Food Preserved salted fish Cheese from cows, sheep, and goats Apples & pears Grapes for eating and wine Vegetables harvested from the fields. (Corn, onions, tomatoes)
HealthMedicine As populations in towns and cities increased, hygenic conditions worsened Medical practices were limited No antibiotics making diseases almost impossible to cure
HealthContinued Many myths and superstitions Thought bad odor meant disease and disease of the body was caused by sins and tainted souls Sought relief from illness by prayer, meditation, and other non-medical practices.
The PlagueThe Black Death Bubonic plague Carried in the saliva of fleas, who were infected by plague-ridden rats Estimated 1/3 or as many as half of the total population died Originated in Europe 1347, spread westward to plains of Asia covering the whole continent
The PlagueSymptoms Huge, painful swellings (boils) which appeared on neck, armpits, and groins Swells oozed blood and pus High fever, delirious Afflicted person usually died within 48 hours