The Middle Ages. Key Developments. Return of ancient knowledge via Spain and Sicily Eastern Technological Innovations Independent Inventions in Europe Theology and the Unique Nature of Western Monotheism. Return of ancient knowledge via Spain and Sicily.
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From the work of the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget, we know that human beings have a fundamentally egocentric conception of the world. Growing up in modern society means learning to accept the existence of an external world separate from oneself. It is hard. Most of humankind, for most of its history, never learned to distinguish the internal world of thoughts and feelings with the external world of objects and events. ... Cutting this connection, which is necessary before science can develop, goes against the grain of human nature.
The Fall: Adam and Eve expelled from Eden for disobedience
In Judaeo-Christianity, the Fall is to be remedied by a Messiah
God as Ruler (Basis of laws)
+ De-Animization of nature
+ Discovery of law as a form of logic
= “Natural Law” (Francis Bacon, 1260)
(Facts or Logical Propositions)