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Popes During World war 1 & dos. By: Luis Natera. Prior to World War 1. Pius X reigned from 1903 to 1914 as Pope. Anticlerical laws were passed, restricting the right of priests to continue education and in some cases, confiscating properties belonging to monasteries and convents.

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prior to world war 1
Prior to World War 1
  • Pius X reigned from 1903 to 1914 as Pope.
  • Anticlerical laws were passed, restricting the right of priests to continue education and in some cases, confiscating properties belonging to monasteries and convents.
  • Pius was a conservative. Modernists were trying to influence the Church with new trends in philosophy, history, and biblical studies.
slide3

Pope Benedict XV

  • Was elected Pope from 1914 to 1922.
  • Condemned by both sides of the war because of his neutrality.
  • In 1914, he proposed the idea of a general Christmas truce.
  • Issued a seven-point peace proposal addressed to the heads of the belligerent people. He expressed the need of ending unfriendliness behavior, general reduction of armaments, freedom of the seas, etc.
  • Benedict’s Vatican was excluded from the Paris Peace Conference held at Versailles in 1919.
slide4

“a horrendous bloodbath which dishonors Europe, the suicide of civilized Europe, the darkest tragedy of human hatred and human madness, and a useless massacre.”

pius xi
Pius XI
  • Successor of Benedict from 1922 to 1939.
  • Had to contend the growth of belligerent fascist
  • movements occurring after the war.
  • Benito Mussolini, leader of a successful movement,
  • who seized power in Italy in 1922.
  • Mussolini restored many of the privileges that the
  • Catholic Church had lost because of the unification.
  • In Germany, the rise of Adolf Hitler presented a
  • threat for the Roman Catholic Church, whose clergy,
  • schools, and presses came under increasing pressure
  • to conform to Nazi ideology.
pius xi continued
Pius XI continued
  • In 1937, Pius responded with MitbrennenderSorge(With Burning Anxiety), which Hitler got a hold of. It condemned the persecution of Christians, denounced Nazi ideas about race and authority, and described Hitler as a “mad prophet possessed of repulsive arrogance.”
  • Through Pius, the revival of Catholicism was evidenced by the increased activity of its educational and charitable institutions, the creation of new episcopal sees and youth organizations, and the works of theologians.
  • Pius demonstrated the Church’s continuing interest in the material and spiritual welfare of ordinary men and women.
world war 2 pius xii
World War 2: Pius XII

WHY SO SERIOUS?

slide8

Became pope from 1939 to 1958.

  • Pius held a neutral stance during the war, which got him criticized for not doing more to stop Nazi atrocities against Jews, Slavs, and other groups.
  • It was argued that Pius did actually do a lot for the Jews. He didn’t take action in caution for their safety, as well as that of Catholics.
  • Despite that argument, many still believed that he should have taken a more forceful response to fight against the Nazis.
  • Pius emphasized the concentration of ecclesiastical power in Rome and fought against the expansion of communism.
  • Defended the authority of the Church and promoted scholastic theology.
slide9

Thank you all for your attention. It has

been a pleasure presenting to you all.

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