GLAUCOMA: SEPARATING FACT FROM FICTION. Mona Khandwala Consultant Ophthalmic and Oculoplastic Surgeon Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust. Epidemiology. Affects 3 % of the adults 10 % affected > 70 years of age Late diagnosis A mongst three most common causes of
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Consultant Ophthalmic and Oculoplastic Surgeon
Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust
Glaucoma is a form of optic neuropathy with specific visual field loss. It is usually associated with raised intra ocular pressure (IOP)
Open angle Closed angle
coloured halos around lights
Ocular pain/ headache
Nausea and vomiting
1. Open angle
Steroids: ointment, inhalers, oral
2. Closed angle (by dilating the pupil)
Tricyclic antidepressants, Mono amine oxidase inhibitor,
Anti Parkinsons, Antihistamines,
3. Closed angle ( by rotation of ciliary body)
Currently only 2 true preservative free drops:
1. Tafluprost PF (Saflutan) : £17.41
2. Latanoprost PF (Monopost): £8.49
Lacrimal occlusion for 3 minutes
Merely closing the eyes for 3 minutes
Asthma, COPD, bradycardia, CCFand heart block.
Not always. It is, however, more common among
close blood relatives of affected persons
Once the glaucomatous disease develops it will
remain forever even if treated
Certainly, although both eyes are commonly affected with
different degrees of severity
Yes, if the progression of the disease is not stopped
with appropriate treatment
Yes, as long as the visual function is within the
limits set by the DVLA
No, the aim of the treatment is to prevent
further deterioration of the visual function
Over 40 years old and have not had an eye specialist examination within the previous 5 years.
It is the conjunctiva raised by the aqueous humour that filters through the small valve that the surgeon has made in the eye wall. It is known as “ filtering bleb”, it may initially be uncomfortable though, usually, only temporarily.
Best to stick to set times
time, can you apply them together?
It is necessary to wait a few minutes between drops
correctly, is it dangerous to apply a second one?
No, although it is best to dry the eye immediately, to
prevent the extra eye-drop from flowing into the tear duct
No positive effects on treatment, and it could lead to side effects
It is very important to tell the family doctor about the diagnosis of
glaucoma and the medications being used. For instance, you should
be careful when taking some tranquillisers, anti-asthmatics or
medication for the digestive system
A few minutes.