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Fact, Hypothesis, Law, Theory. Fact = a stated observation Hypothesis = a proposition that may be investigated Law or Principle = a description of observable phenomena Theory = an explanation based on extensive evidence. Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics.

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fact hypothesis law theory
Fact, Hypothesis, Law, Theory
  • Fact = a stated observation
  • Hypothesis = a proposition that may be investigated
  • Law or Principle = a description of observable phenomena
  • Theory = an explanation based on extensive evidence
slide2

Continental Drift

to

Plate Tectonics

the borderlands of science shermer 2001
The Borderlands of ScienceShermer, (2001)
  • Normal Science
    • Empirical claims
    • Vast body of evidence
  • Borderland Science
    • Empirical work
    • Growing body of evidence
  • Pseudoscience
    • Fake science disguised as normal science
    • Lacks evidence
10 different areas of inquiry
Acupuncture

Astrology

Big Bang

Big Foot

Chiropractic

Heliocentrism

Hypnosis

Neurophysiology of Brain Function

Punctuated Equilibrium

Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)

10 different areas of inquiry:
the borderlands of science shermer 20015
The Borderlands of ScienceShermer, (2001)
  • Heliocentrism, .9
  • Neurophysiology of Brain Function, .8
  • Punctuated equilibrium, .7 ……normal science
  • SETI, Hypnosis, .5
  • Chiropractic, .4 ……………borderland science
  • Acupuncture, .3
  • Astrology, Big Foot, .1 ………pseudoscience
activity draw a scientist
Activity: Draw a Scientist

Take a few minutes with a pencil and paper and draw a scientist at work.

scoring 1 point for any of the following lower score is a higher rating
Scoring: (1 point for any of the following: lower score is a higher rating)
  • labcoat
  • eyeglasses
  • facial hair
  • symbols of research - test tubes, flask
  • symbols of knowledge - books, filing cabinet
  • sign of technology - solutions, machines
  • captions - Eureka, I’ve got it!!!
  • male
  • signs/labeling - Fire, Danger, Poison
  • pencils and pens in pocket protector
  • unkempt appearance