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Fact, Hypothesis, Law, Theory. Fact = a stated observation Hypothesis = a proposition that may be investigated Law or Principle = a description of observable phenomena Theory = an explanation based on extensive evidence. Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics.

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Fact hypothesis law theory l.jpg
Fact, Hypothesis, Law, Theory

  • Fact = a stated observation

  • Hypothesis = a proposition that may be investigated

  • Law or Principle = a description of observable phenomena

  • Theory = an explanation based on extensive evidence


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Continental Drift

to

Plate Tectonics


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The Borderlands of ScienceShermer, (2001)

  • Normal Science

    • Empirical claims

    • Vast body of evidence

  • Borderland Science

    • Empirical work

    • Growing body of evidence

  • Pseudoscience

    • Fake science disguised as normal science

    • Lacks evidence


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Acupuncture

Astrology

Big Bang

Big Foot

Chiropractic

Heliocentrism

Hypnosis

Neurophysiology of Brain Function

Punctuated Equilibrium

Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)

10 different areas of inquiry:


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The Borderlands of ScienceShermer, (2001)

  • Heliocentrism, .9

  • Neurophysiology of Brain Function, .8

  • Punctuated equilibrium, .7 ……normal science

  • SETI, Hypnosis, .5

  • Chiropractic, .4 ……………borderland science

  • Acupuncture, .3

  • Astrology, Big Foot, .1 ………pseudoscience


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Activity: Draw a Scientist

Take a few minutes with a pencil and paper and draw a scientist at work.


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Draw a Scientist? What’s the point?


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Scoring: (1 point for any of the following: lower score is a higher rating)

  • labcoat

  • eyeglasses

  • facial hair

  • symbols of research - test tubes, flask

  • symbols of knowledge - books, filing cabinet

  • sign of technology - solutions, machines

  • captions - Eureka, I’ve got it!!!

  • male

  • signs/labeling - Fire, Danger, Poison

  • pencils and pens in pocket protector

  • unkempt appearance


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Science, Art, Religion higher rating)