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Promoting Wind Energy in Romania’s National Renewable Energy Action Plan

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Promoting Wind Energy in Romania’s National Renewable Energy Action Plan. Alexandru Sandulescu Director General Energy, Oil and Gas Department Ministry of Economy, Commerce and Business Environment. Targets – share of renewables. Directive 2001/77/EC (amended by 2006/108/EC) :

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slide1

Promoting Wind Energy in Romania’s National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Alexandru Sandulescu

Director General

Energy, Oil and Gas Department

Ministry of Economy, Commerce and Business Environment

slide2

Targets – share of renewables

Directive 2001/77/EC (amended by 2006/108/EC):

  • 33 % of gross electricity consumption in 2010

Romanian energy strategy 2007 – 2020:

  • 33 % of gross electricity consumption in 2010
  • 35 % of gross electricity consumption in 2015
  • 38 % of gross electricity consumption in 2020

Directive 2009/28/EC

  • 24 % of gross energy consumption in 2020 (+6.2 % from 2005)
slide3

National potential of renewables

The national renewable energy sources potential

NOTE : these are theoretical potentials, real usable potentials are much lower due to technological, economical and environmental limitations or restrictions.

slide4

National potential of renewables

Distribution of the renewable energy sources potential

I. Donau Delta (solar);II. Dobrogea (solar and wind);III. Moldova (microhydro, wind and biomass);IV. Carpaţi Moutain (IV1 – Carpaţii de Est; IV2 – Carpaţii de Sud; IV3 – Carpaţii de Vest ( biomass, microhydro);V. Transilvania (microhydro);VI. Câmpia de Vest (geothermal);VII. Subcarpaţii(VII1 – Subcarpaţii Getici; VII2 – Subcarpaţii de Curbură; VII3 – Subcarpaţii Moldovei: biomass, microhydro);VIII. Câmpia de Sud (biomass, geothermal and solar).

slide5

National use of renewables

Opertional:

  • hydro – 6440 MW
  • wind – 14.9 MW
  • biomass/biogas – 8.1 MW
  • solar – 0.0088 MW

Under construction:

  • hydro - 131 MW
  • biomass/biogas – 27 MW
  • wind – 1000 MW with ANRE authorizations

- 2624 MW with grid connection contracts (112 wind farms)

- 5000 MW with grid connection permits (30 May 2010)

slide6

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Final document published on the website www.minind.ro

More than 200 pages

Large collaboration between ministries

Consultants: ICEMENERG (coordinator), ISPE, ICPE

Public consultation in June 2010

slide7

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

  • Deadline: 30 June 2010
  • Romanian NREAP – ready, 208 pages
  • Already submitted to EU (5.07.2010):
    • Denmark
    • Holland
    • Great Britain
    • Sweden
    • Finland
slide8

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Where we are - electricity generation 2009

slide9

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Where we are - electricity generation perspectives

Wind investments under development

slide13

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Development forecasts

To be produced from renewable energy sources in 2020:

30278 ktep x 24% = 7267 ktep

slide16

Legislation

Electricity law (13 / 2007)

Renewables promotion law (220 / 2008, revised in 2010)

National energy strategy for 2007 – 2020 (GD 1069 / 2007)

Renewable energy promotion strategy (GD 1535 / 2003)

Promotion mechanism by green certificates (GD 443 / 2004….)

Secondary legislation issued by Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE)

Operational procedures issued by Opcom (market operator) and Transelectrica (TSO)

slide17

Incentives for investments

  • Structural funds

2008 call:

  • 50 projects received
  • 14 projects selected
  • structural funds allocated: approx. 70 mil. Euro
  • 2010 call:
  • opened between January 2010 and April 2010;
  • structural funds: approx. 100 mil. Euro
  • revised Applicant Guide
  • 419 proposals received, representing 20 x the available fund
  • possible increasing of the funds with another 80 mil. Euro.
slide18

Promotion of renewable energy sources - Green certificates market

Producers

Supplier

Green certificate market

Competition

Producer on renewables

Green certificates

Aqusition quota

Electricity

Label

Electricity market

Producer using fossil fuels

Electricity

Coal

Producer with nuclear units

Electricity

Nuclear

Competition

Green certificate market

slide19

Green certificate market

Promotion of renewable energy sources - Green certificates market

Mandatory quotas (year / %):

  • Minimum and maximum price levels:
  • minimum value 27 Euro / MWh
  • maximum value 55 Euro / MWh
slide20

Green certificate market

Promotion of renewable energy sources - Green certificates market

  • Number of certificates per MWh:
  • hydro under 10 MW: 3 certificates for new units / 2 certificates for refurbished units / 0.5 certificates for other units;
  • wind: 2 certificates till 2017, one starting with 2018;
  • biomass / biogas: 3 certificates + 1 for efficient cogeneration;
  • solar: 6 certificates.

Green certificates are issued for:

  • 15 years for new units;
  • 7 years for second hand units used in isolated systems;
  • 10 years for refurbished hydro units;
  • 3 years for old, un-refurbished hydro units;
slide21

Green certificate market

Promotion of renewable energy sources - Green certificates market

Investments must be done before 2016 !

Penalties for non compliance of suppliers: 110 Euro per non acquired certificate

Revenues from penalties to be used by Environment Fund

ANRE must calculate the GC Acquisition quotas

ANRE can adjust quotas if it is a high imbalance on the green certificate market

slide22

Green certificate market

Organized by Energy Market Operator - OPCOM

slide23

Issues addressed in NREAP

  • Enhancements of the day ahead market:
    • Adjustment market
    • Intra-day markets
      • Testing phase, operational in 2010

Financial products market (futures, options) to be organized by Opcom - energy market operator

slide24

Issues addressed in NREAP

  • Network enforcement
  • Network Development Plan 2008 – 2012 (and roughly for 2017)
    • 1700 MW în 400kV Tariverde power station;
    • 600 MW în Vânt power station;
    • 354 MW în Moldova: Fălciu Berezeni, Roşieşti, Vetrişoaia, Smârdan-Gutinas;
    • 105 MW în Tulcea County: Baia and Corugea-Cişmeaua Nouă;
    • 90 MW în Medgidia Sud area: Peştera;
    • 120 MW în Medgidia Nord area: Târguşor and Siliştea.
  • Total: 3000 MW
slide25

Issues addressed in NREAP

  • Power system flexibility
  • Romania has an inflexible power system:
    • 18 % of generation on nuclear (to be increased to 35%)
    • 40% of generation on coal;
    • 15% of generation is the river hydro;
  • To increase the flexibility:
    • Pump storage power plants – Tarnita-Lapusesti (1000 MW)
    • New power plants on gas (Petrom 800 MW, Iernut, Fantanele)
    • New interconnections with neighboring countries
slide26

Thank you for your attention !

www.minind.ro

sandulescu@minind.ro

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