egypt the nile valley n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Egypt: The Nile Valley PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Egypt: The Nile Valley

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Egypt: The Nile Valley - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Pharaohs, Mummies , & Pyramids. Egypt: The Nile Valley. Geography. Located in North Africa Large desert regions Very dry climate Nile River Valley center of civilization. Time Period. People began settling in villages along the Nile around 5000 BCE

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Egypt: The Nile Valley' - candice-bowers

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  • Located in North Africa
  • Large desert regions
  • Very dry climate
  • Nile River Valley center of civilization
time period
Time Period
  • People began settling in villages along the Nile around 5000 BCE
  • Around 3100 BCE a strong leader united them into a single civilization
  • Historians divide the dynasties that ruled Egypt into three periods
    • Old Kingdom (2650 to 2150)
    • Middle Kingdom (2055 to 1650)
    • New Kingdom (1550 to 1070)

In between these kingdoms and afterwards Egypt was conquered by other civilizations

  • Led by a pharaoh (like a king)
  • Theocratic (people believed pharaoh was god)
  • Allowed for strong government and massive public projects (e.g. Pyramids) using forced labor
  • Hieroglyphics(pictographic writing)
  • Uses pictures/symbols for sounds/words
  • Developed writing to keep accounts of supplies and manage large projects
  • Polytheistic (many gods)
  • Pharaoh was a god
  • Sun god was most important
  • One pharaoh was monotheistic (tried to reform the whole country, but failed)
  • Believed in afterlife, judgment day, soul
  • Mummies were a result of the belief in eternal life
  • Traded with other countries in Africa, Middle East and around the Mediterranean
  • Exported gold, wheat, barley, and papyrus
  • Imported lumber, minerals, spices, and exotic materials (ivory, leopard skins, etc.)
  • Led to a variety of social classes (see illustration)
  • Paper (papyrus)
  • Shaduf (irrigation tool)
  • Make-up (men & women)
  • Clocks
  • Locks
  • Medicine
  • Shipbuilding
art architecture
Used in temples, tombs, & palaces

Massive public buildings (limestone, granite, sandstone

Private buildings (sun-dried bricks)

Art & architecture
social culture
Social culture
  • Various social classes
  • Women had some rights (some even became pharaohs)
    • Could own property
    • Receive inheritance
  • Leisure Activities
    • Music & Dancing
    • Board Games
  • Recruited from general population, led by royalty
  • One way for lower classes to advance in society
  • Armed with bows, arrows, spears, shields (eventually obtained chariots from invaders)
  • They influence other civilizations like the Greeks and Romans in architecture and religion
  • Paper, medicinal practices, and lighthouses
  • Egyptians invented beer, make-up, and had a game similar to bowling