Unit One LOVE
Part One • Listening and Speaking
● Listening • Scripts and Keys • ◆ Activity 1 Calculation (I) • Directions:In this part you will hear 10 statements. Listen carefully and choose A, B, C or D which is the closest in meaning to the statement you hear. The statements will be read only once.
As many as one hundred and twenty students took the English exam,but only one third passed it. • C. Forty students passed the exam. • 2.My watch says 5:00，but it’s fifteen minutes fast. • A. It’s 4:45 now. • 3. The flight was scheduled to arrive at 9:15, but it actually arrived half an hour late. • B. The flight arrived at 9:45.
4.I got up at about 10:30 and had my lunch two hours later last Sunday. D. I had my lunch at 12:30 last Sunday. 5. I thought I had set the alarm clock for 7:00 o’clock, but it didn’t ring until 7:45. C. My alarm clock was supposed to ring at 7:00. 6. The green dress cost $140, but I bought it on sale for half the price. C. I paid $70 for the dress.
7. Out of sixteen questions Peter could only answer half of them. A. Peter answered 8 questions. 8. It’s 6:45. We have only twenty minutes to get to the cinema. C. The movie will start at 7:05.
9. David wanted to find a room for $200 a month, but discovered he had to pay twice that much. B. David paid $400 for the room. 10. Today is the 16th of February. Jane’s birthday is only a week away. D. Jane’s birthday is on February 23.
◆ Activity 2 Conversations Directions:In this part you will hear 5 conversations. Each of the conversations will be read only once. Listen carefully and then decide whether the statements below are true, false or not mentioned according to the conversations you hear. Write T for True, F for False and N for Not Mentioned in the spaces provided.
Conversation 1 A: Excuse me. B: Yes? A: Can you tell me the way to the Cultural Center? B: Well, you walk down this street to the traffic lights. A: Go straight to the traffic lights. And then? B: Then turn right and you’ll be on Spring Street. You go along the street for about two blocks until you see a big fountain. A: Yes. And… B: And the Cultural Center is behind the fountain. A: I’ve got it. Thanks a lot. B: You’re welcome. Have a good day. T There is a big fountain near the Cultural Center.
Conversation 2 A: Excuse me. Could you tell me how far it is to No.48 Queen Street? B: Oh, it’s only a ten-minute walk from here. A: How can I get there? B: Well, walk to the corner, and make a left turn. Then walk two blocks to the traffic lights. Make another left turn to Queen Street. A: Thank you. Go straight to the corner and then turn left. B: Yeah. Would you like a hot dog? It’s only 80 cents. A: No. Thank you. F The man is looking for No.80 Queen Street.
Conversation 3 A: Excuse me. Can you tell me how to get to the Friendship Square? B: The Friendship Square? Let me think for a moment. Ah, yes. You can take the No. 2 subway. A: Is there a subway station near here? B: Yes. You walk two blocks and then turn right. Go down the street until you see the station. It’s on your right. A: Are there any buses to the Square? B: Yeah, the No. 14 bus takes you there. But it’s not as fast as the subway. A: Thanks a lot. B: Not at all. T The man advises the woman to take the subway to the Friendship Square.
Conversation 4 A: Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to the Grand Theater? B: Yes, you’ll have to take the No. 45 bus. A: Does the bus take me straight to the theater? B: Yes, when you get off the bus, you’ll find the theater just in front of you. A: Good, but where is the bus stop? B: Go straight along the street and turn right at the first crossing. You can’t miss it. A: Many thanks. How soon can I get there? B: Well, if the traffic is not too busy, you’ll be there in half an hour. A: Thank you very much. B: My pleasure. N The woman won’t miss the first part of the play if she takes the No. 45 bus.
Conversation 5 A: Where on earth are we? B: Judging by all the traffic, I’d say we’re near the suburb. A: What did I do? Did I take a wrong turn? B: I’m not sure, but it seemed that you turned right on the overpass bridge. Nick usually makes a left turn there. A: Well, now we have to go back a few kilometers. B: That’s too bad. We’re going to be late for Nick’s party. TThe woman probably made a wrong turn on the overpass bridge.
◆ Activity 3 Passage Directions:In this part you will hear only one passage. Listen to the passage twice and then decide on the appropriate answer to each of the questions from the 4 choices marked A, B,C and D.
It was father’s birthday last week and mother gave him a pair of slippers. They were red and mother was sure father would like them. “Mm,” he said when he saw them, “they look quite nice, Betty.” “Try them on, Jim,” Mother said, “they fit you.” Father put them on and walked round the room. “At least they are comfortable,” he said, “but they don’t really match me at all, I’m afraid.”
Father tried hard to get used to the slippers, but he couldn’t. After two weeks he said to Mother, “I’m sorry, darling, but I don’t think I’ll ever be able to wear those slippers.” Mother was a bit disappointed but she understood. “Never mind,” she said, “there’s going to be a sale at the church next week. I’ll give them to Mr. Brown. He will be able to sell them easily.”
There were a lot of good things on the sale. Many people went there — including Grandmother. After the sale, she visited her son, Jim. “I bought some lovely things at the church and they are very cheap,” she said. “Guess what I bought for you, dear,” she cried as she unwrapped the red slippers.
Questions and Answers 1.Q: What was father’s birthday present? A: B. A pair of red slippers. 2. Q: How did father feel about the slippers after he tried t hem on? A: D. They didn’t fit him at all.
3. Q: What did father do in the following two weeks? A: A. He tried hard to get used to the slippers. 4. Q: What did mother do with the slippers finally? A: C. She asked Mr. Brown to sell the slippers at the church. 5.Q: What can we learn from the end of the passage? A: C. Grandmother happened to buy the slippers that her son wanted to sell.
● Speaking ◆Activity 1 Samples 1.—— A: Excuse me. B: Yes? A: Can you please tell me the way to the library? B: Sure. Go to the corner and turn left. Then you go straight down the street. The library is just at the end of the street. You can’t miss it.
A: Thanks. By the way, could you tell me where I can get a cup of coffee? B: There’s a small coffee bar in the library. So you can get a cup of coffee there. A: Thanks a lot.
2.——A: Excuse me. I’m looking for the nearest dining hall. B: Well, you go down the street to the corner. Then make a right turn and walk about two blocks. The dinning hall is on the right. A: Walk to the corner and then turn right. Thanks. B: You’re welcome.
3.—— A: How can I get to the railway station, Bill? B: Well, you can take the No. 89 to Yuquan Campus,and then transfer to bus No. 21. A: How long will it take me to get there? B: If the traffic is not too bad, you will be there in about two hours. A: Two hours? But my train is due to leave at 4:00. B: In that case, you’ll have to take a taxi.
◆ Activity 2 Sample —— I will never forget the experience of being lost when I was abroad. It was so terrible! You know, that day I intended go to the National Museum. I had made full preparations, such as finding out its location on the Internet and buying a latest map. But unfortunately, it turned out all wrong. I lost my map on the way to the museum. So I tried to ask passers-by where I was. Most of them were quite friendly, but they spoke English with such a strong accent that I couldn’t understand what they were talking about. At last, I gave up and took a taxi to the hotel where I stayed. What an awful experience!
Part Two Reading Text A Text B
●Lead-in Activity: Discussion Samples 1. —— I love my mother most because she knows when to be my friend and when to be my mom. Besides, her self-confidence is amazing! She was the strong one when my dad died of cancer. She puts passion into everything she does and takes time to make every event and person feel special. She lives life to the fullest every day.
—— My father is the one I love most. Though he hates to do housework and is too easy-going at times, he has a great passion for life. What is more, he can hold our family together. Whatever difficulties we are facing, he always tells us that everything is going to be fine.
2. —— I think campus love is comparatively pure. It is romantic that you are together only because you love each other. I experienced campus love when I was a senior student. Of course it did not work out like many other campus lovers, but I never regretted. We broke up about three years ago, and he is now a husband and father. Still I often recall those days when we walked in the autumn sunshine near our campus.
—— In my opinion, campus love is just a waste of time. As you know, while we are still students, we haven’t even started our real lives. It might be too early for us to choose the person we are going to spend the rest of our lives with. Besides, we may have to go to different places after graduation, which makes it nearly impossible for a relationship to work out.
●Reading ◆ Language Focus 1．John Blanchard stood up from the bench, straightened his Army uniform, and studied the crowd of people making their way through the Grand Central Station. (Para. 1)
stood up from the bench意为“从长凳上站起身”； making their way through the Grand Central Station 是现在分词短语作定语，修饰the crowd of people。 现在分词短语可在句中作定语，例如： ◆ Will the people sitting at the back keep quiet, please? 坐在后面的人请保持安静，好吗？ ◆ We shall arrive too late to catch the train leaving at eight. 我们会到得太晚而赶不上八点开出的火车。
2．He looked for the girl whose heart he knew, but whose face he didn’t, the girl with the rose. (Para.2) whose引导定语从句。当whose用来引导定语从句 时，其先行词不仅可以指人，还可以指物。例如： ◆The old woman, whose legs were badly hurt, was quickly taken to hospital. 那个腿严重受伤的老妇人被迅速送往医院。 ◆It was a meeting whose importance he did not realize at the time. 这个会议的重要性他当时还未意识到。
the girl with the rose是the girl whose heart he knew, but whose face he didn’t的同位语，意思是“戴着玫瑰花的女孩”。名词词组可以用作同位语，其功能是对前项提供补充信息。例如： ◆I know James, the eldest son of the Jackson family. 我认识杰克逊家的长子詹姆斯。 ◆Lucy, a talented musician in her youth, still gives concerts every now and then. 露西年轻时是一位有才华的音乐家，现在仍时常 举办音乐会。
3．Taking a book off the shelf he found himself interested, not in the words of the book, but in the notes penciled in the margin. (Para. 2) Taking a book off the shelf是现在分词短语作时间状 语。现在分词短语可在句中作时间状语。例如： ◆Opening the door, I saw nobody in. 打开房门，我发现里面没人。 ◆Hearing the sad news, we were very much grieved. 听到这个悲痛的消息，我们感到很伤心。
pencil一词为动词，意为“用铅笔写”。penciled in the margin是过去分词短语作定语,修饰the notes。 过去分词短语可在句中作定语。例如： ◆ The method used by them is very effective. 他们用的办法很有效。
4． He wrote her a letter, introducing himself and inviting her to correspond. (Para.3) introducing himself and inviting her to correspond 是现在分词短语作伴随状语，表示信的具体内容。 例如: ◆She was still there, waiting for him in the rain. 她仍然站在雨中等他。 ◆ They stood by the roadside, watching the parade. 他们站在路边观看游行。
5．The next day he was shipped overseas for service in World War II. (Para. 3) ship是动词，意为“运送，派遣”；service意为 “服兵役”。
6．During the next thirteen months the two grew to know each other through the letters. (Para. 4) grow表示“（逐渐）变得”，比get要正式些。例如： ◆He has grown to like mathematics. 他逐渐喜欢起数学来。
7．Each letter was a seed falling on a fertile heart. (Para. 4) falling on a fertile heart是现在分词短语作定语，修 饰a seed。
8．She felt that if he really cared, it wouldn't matter what she looked like. (Para.5) it是宾语从句中的形式主语，真正主语是what she looked like（不管她长得怎么样）。It作形式主语。 例如： ◆It doesn’t matter when you leave. 你何时离开都没关系。 ◆It doesn’t matter what you say. 你说什么都没关系。
9．“You’ll recognize me,” she wrote, “by the red rose I’ll be wearing on my coat.” (Para. 7) by表示“借助于，通过”。I’ll be wearing on my coat 是定语从句，省略了关系代词。从句中用将来进行时 表示将来某时正在进行的动作或所处的状态，也可以 表示按预测将会发生的事情。例如： ◆By this time tomorrow, I’ll be lying on the beach. 到明天这个时候，我就躺在沙滩上了。 ◆Dr. Johnson will be visiting Hong Kong in February and July. 约翰逊博士会在2月和7月来香港访问。
10．So at 7:00 he was in the station looking for a girl whose heart he loved, but whose face he’d never seen. (Para. 9) looking for a girl是现在分词短语作状语，表示伴随 情况。 11．I'll let Mr. Blanchard tell you what happened. (Para. 9) 文章前面以第三人称叙述，通过这句话转入第一人称 叙述，以便使叙述更加生动自然。
12．Her lips and chin had a gentle firmness, and in her pale green suit she was like springtime come alive. (Para. 10) like意为“就像”，是非正式用法。例如： ◆He looked at me like I was mad. 他看着我，好像我疯了似的。 ◆ This meat smells like it’s gone bad. 这肉闻起来像是坏了。 in表示“穿着”。例如： ◆ He looked very handsome in his uniform. 穿着制服的他看上去很英俊。 come alive意为“充满活力”。
13．I started toward her, entirely forgetting to notice that she was not wearing a rose. (Para. 11) entirely forgetting to notice that…是现在分词短语作 状语，表示伴随情况。 14．Going my way, sailor? (Para. 12) 该句是省略句，完整的句子应为Are you going my way, Sailor?
15．A woman well past 40, she had graying hair and was more than plump. (Para. 13) A woman well past 40是she的同位语。这是一种非 正式表达方法，正式表达方法通常是：She，a woman well past 40,had graying hair and was more than plump.
16．I felt as though I was split in two, so strong was my desire to follow her, and yet so deep was my longing for the woman whose spirit had truly companioned me. (Para. 14) so strong was my desire to follow her和so deep was my longing for the woman whose spirit had truly companioned me. 为倒装结构，用于加强语气。
17．And there she stood. (Para. 15) 此句是倒装句。在here, there引出的倒装句中，当主语是 名词时用完全倒装句。例如： ◆Here comes the postman! 邮递员来了！ 但当主语是代词时要用部分倒装句。例如： ◆Here he comes. 他来了。
18．My fingers gripped the small worn blue leather copy of the book that was to identify me to her. (Para. 15) 在that引导的定语从句中，to identify me to her是 不定式作表语。不定式作表语常表示将来的动 作， 例如： ◆What I wanted was to get the work done as quickly as possible. 我想做的是尽快把工作完成。 ◆The most important thing for one’s health is to have plenty of exercise. 对一个人的健康来说最重要的是做大量运动。
19．This would not be love, but it would be something precious, something perhaps even better than love, a friendship for which I had been and must ever be grateful. (Para. 16) for which I had been and must ever be grateful是定 语从句，修饰friendship。be grateful for的意思为 “对…心怀感激”，which是定语从句的关系代词， 指代 friendship。
20．I squared my shoulders and salutedand held out the book to the woman, even though while I spoke I felt choked by the bitterness of my disappointment. (Para. 16) even though引导让步状语从句，while I spoke是时 间状语从句，表明I felt choked所发生的时间。