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Roman Republic/Empire. Rome. Holy land of the Ancient Hebrew. Where it all began. Advantage’s of Rome’s location?. Peninsula Midpoint of Mediterranean Sea Vast rich farmland. This is the direct opposite of Greece. Rome began as a city state with a monarch.

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roman republic empire

Roman Republic/Empire

Rome

Holy land of the

Ancient Hebrew

Where it all began

advantage s of rome s location
Advantage’s of Rome’s location?
  • Peninsula
  • Midpoint of Mediterranean Sea
  • Vast rich farmland

This is the direct opposite of Greece

part of the official title of a king

Rex

part of the official title of a king

republic
Republic

Vote for Representative

System of Government

where the people have the

power to work and choose

leaders

slide7

2 executive

consuls

12 Stone

Tablets in

forum

5

1

Peoples

All ___________ have

the right to vote

Appointed by

citizens

Written on

Assembly

4

Senate

Can

Real power

of important

decisions

Veto Laws

made by

senate

Made up of

Always maintain

A.K.A.

2

Patricians/

Patrons

Struggle for

power with

3

Are

Protect &

Control

Plebeians

Tribune of

the people

Gets Power by

Land-owning

Aristocracy

Clients

Could not

Strikes &

Refusals

To do duty

Are

Made up of

Allow

Hold public

Office for

Marry patricians

Poor/Slaves/

Newcomers

Patrons

Status and influence

Citizen

Farmers/

traders

what is the significance of the twelve tables
What is the Significance of the Twelve Tables?

Two codes of law studied so far?

  • The Foundation of Roman Law
  • Settled dispute between Patricians and Plebeians
  • The Earliest Surviving piece of Literature coming from the Romans.
  • Held the Society together

Twelve Tables & Hammurabi's Code

punic wars1
Punic Wars
  • 1st War: Rome wins and gains Sicily
  • 2nd War: Hanibal crosses the Alps and invades Italy. He does much damage but is unable to take Rome
  • 3rd War: Roman Politicians convince the Roman military to attack Carthage.
  • Carthage is destroyed
  • The people are killed or sold into slavery
  • - Romans pour salt on the fields to make them barren
republic collapses
Republic Collapses
  • Rome’s victory in Carthage brought conflict between the rich and poor in Rome

(Civil War)

  • Triumvirate (three leaders) formed.
  • Civil War between three leaders
  • Generals are popular with discontented (unhappy) citizens
  • Julius Caesar made reforms and increased his popularity
republic collapses1
Republic Collapses
  • Julius Caesar wins civil war and becomes absolute ruler
  • Members fear that he is becoming to powerful, kill him
  • Augustus, Caesar’s nephew take over power
octavian augustus

Roman Empire

Octavian Augustus

Pax Romana - Roman Peace

slide16

Roman Empire

Pax Romana

  • - Jesus
  • 12 Apostles/
  • Disciples
  • Priests/Bishops/Pope
  • Peter, Paul
  • Constantine
slide18

Political/Gov't

Military

Social

Economic