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Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography One Religion, Many Peoples Islam’s Impact on Culture Both Bangladesh & Pakistan are made up of mostly Muslims. Islam was brought to the region by the Mughal Empire. Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography Islamic customs of Pakistan & Bangladesh

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pakistan bangladesh cultural geography
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • One Religion, Many Peoples
    • Islam’s Impact on Culture
      • Both Bangladesh & Pakistan are made up of mostly Muslims.
      • Islam was brought to the region by the Mughal Empire.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography3
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Islamic customs of Pakistan & Bangladesh
    • Daily prayer
    • Ramadan
      • Month-long fasting from sunrise until sunset.
    • Mosques make up big part of the architectural landscape.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography4
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Islamic Differences
    • Pakistanis generally observe more conservative, fundamentalist, stricter Islamic laws.
    • Pakistani women must wear veils.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography5
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Islamic Differences
    • Many Pakistanis observe the tradition of “purdah.”
    • Purdah is the seclusion of women.
    • Females are to have no contact with males outside of their relatives.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography6
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Islamic Differences
    • The people of Bangladesh have a more liberal interpretation of Islam; it is less strict & more modern.
    • Fewer people practice the “purdah” tradition.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography7
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Examples of Pakistan’s diversity
    • There are 5 major ethnic groups that have their own languages.
      • Punjabis - greater than 50 percent of Pakistan’s population.
      • Sindhis
      • Pathans
      • Mohajirs - migrated from India in 1947; speak Urda, the national language
      • Balocks
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography8
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Lack of Diversity in Bangladesh
    • Most of the people are Bengalis.
    • Bengalis speak a sandskrit language, an ancient Indo-European language.
    • There is a small Urdu speaking population who migrated from India in 1947.
    • There are some non-Muslim tribal groups in Bangladesh.
    • 10% of the population of Bangladesh are Hindus.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography9
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Modern Life & Culture
    • Marriage & Family Structures
      • Arranged marriages are common.
      • Large families are typical.
      • Most live in small villages & simple homes.
      • Many homes are made from sun-baked mud, bamboo, or wood.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography10
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Modern Life & Culture
    • Large cities are crowded with traffic & pedestrians.
    • Soccer & cricket are popular.
    • Films are popular too.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography11
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Importance of Poetry
    • Pakistan & Poetry
      • Has a strong oral tradition.
      • Memorizing long poems is long-standing tradition.
      • Mushairis are long poetry readings.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography12
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Importance of Poetry
    • Bangladesh & Poetry
      • Also has a strong oral literary tradition.
      • Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913; he wrote about his Ganges & Bengal homeland; he was born in Kolkata (Calcutta).
      • “My Golden Bengal” is the national anthem.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography13
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Importance of Music & Dance
    • Pakistani Music & Dance
      • Folk songs are a big part of the culture which includes devotion singing, “Qawwali.”
      • Muslims perform devotion songs called “Sufis.”
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography14
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Importance of Music & Dance
    • Bangladeshi Music & Dance
      • Folk dancing is a strong custom.
      • Folk dancing sometimes includes:
        • Elaborate Costumes
        • The acting out of Bengali myths, legends, & stories
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography15
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Population Concerns
    • Pakistan has 150 million people.
    • It is the world’s 7th largest country.
    • Population increases have hurt the economy & have led to malnutrition & disease.
pakistan bangladesh cultural geography16
Pakistan & Bangladesh - Cultural Geography
  • Population Concerns
    • Bangladesh has a population of 130 million people.
    • It is the world’s 8th largest country.
    • The population is slightly less than half population of the U.S. & inhabits an area smaller than the state of Wisconsin.