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FLOODS IN PAKISTAN

FLOODS IN PAKISTAN

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FLOODS IN PAKISTAN

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  1. FLOODS IN PAKISTAN

  2. SCALE • CURRENT SITUATION • RELIEF OPERATIONS • REQUIREMENTS • SLIDE SHOW SEQUENCE OF THE PRESENTATION

  3. GENERAL • Unprecedented floods, affecting the entire length of Pakistan with maximum damage in provinces of KPK, Punjab and Sind • Much bigger and complex in scope than the EQ 2005 (area, population, duration and damages) • Continuous bad weather hampering relief and rescue operations

  4. 80 YEARS RECORD BREAKING FLOOD BEGAN DUE TO CONTINUOUSLY HEAVY MOONSOON RAINS AFTER 22 JULY 2010

  5. SCALE OF DEVASTATION The United Nations has rated the floods in Pakistan as the greatest humanitarian crisis in recent history with more people affected than the South-East Asian Tsunami and the recent earthquakes in Kashmir and Haiti combined. (Mr. Maurizio Giuliano, a spokesman for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)

  6. SUMMARY OF DAMAGES • Districts Affected : 71 (24 KPK, 8 Punjab, 19 Sind, 6 Balochistan, 7 AJK, 7 GB) • Population Affected : Approx 14 million • Deaths : 1473 • Injured : 2024 • Houses Damaged : 895,596 • Infrastructural Damage • Agriculture & Live Stock affected Being Assessed

  7. IMPORTANT DISASTERS (COMPARATIVE STATEMENT) *figures based on initial assessments

  8. FLOOD ROUTE THE HEAVIEST FLOODING MOVED SOUTHWARD ALONG THE INDUS RIVER FROM SEVERELY-AFFECTED NORTHERN REGIONS TOWARD WESTERN PUNJAB AND THE SOUTHERN PROVINCE OF SINDH

  9. PRESENT LOCATION OF THE FLOOD

  10. AGRICULTURE LOSS Over 3.2 million hectares of standing crops, representing 16% of the cultivatable area, have so far been damaged or lost across Baluchistan, KPK, Punjab & Sindh including maize, cotton, rice, sugar cane, fruit orchards and vegetables. Over 200,000 livestock have been lost, in addition to 100% poultry losses in some districts and thousands of poultry farms destroyed in whole areas. Extensive damage of the agriculture infrastructure specially irrigation, heavy loss of agricultural tools & machinery. Huge loss of home stored seeds of different crops.

  11. RELIEF PROVIDED • Helicopters : 79(Including 19 x US, 3 x UAE, 4 x ANA, 3 x ANF and 6 x MOI • Boats : 955 • People rescued : 816823 • Tents provided : 153166 • Food Packets : 118034 • Food Provided by army : 1131 Tons • MRE / Cooked Food : 5 million • Medicine provided : 483 Tons

  12. RELIEF IN PIPELINE (Federal Govt) • Tents : 20,000 • Plastic Mats : 40,000 • Blankets : 40,000 • Medicine : 16 Tons

  13. SPREAD OF DISEASES THE IMMENSE DAMAGE TO THE EXISTING HEALTH FACILITIES HAS COMPLICATED THE SITUATION. THREATS OF OUTBREAK OF WATERBORNE AND RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS DISEASES. UP TO 3.5 MILLION CHILDREN ARE AT RISK OF CONTRACTING WATER-BORNE DISEASES, SKIN RASHES, FEVER, STOMACH ACHES AND DIARRHEA ARE NOW COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS. SCORES OF PREGNANT WOMEN SUFFERING FROM MALNUTRITION AND LACK OF MEDICAL FACILITIES. THE SITUATION CALLS FOR AN URGENT AND MISSIONARY RESPONSE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT FOR THE AFFECTEES.

  14. UN SECRETARY GENERAL’S VISIT TO PAKISTAN UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visited Pakistan, to see for himself the human suffering and damage caused by the current floods — a disaster which is still unfolding. He commented It is a heart-wrenching day, and I will never forget the destruction and suffering I have witnessed. I have visited the scenes of many natural disasters around the world, but nothing like this. The scale is so large: so many people, in so many places, in so much need. I am here to send a message to the world: these unprecedented floods demand unprecedented assistance. I pledge my commitment and the support of the United Nations through this difficult period and on every step of the long road ahead.

  15. CHALLENGES • Ongoing relief operations in the face of marginal weather conditions • Sustaining of population in inaccessible areas GB, Kohistan, Kalam, Dir and Shangla • Continuous rains in catchments areas, triggering second peak of flood wave, thus stretching the available resources • Quick damage and need assessment followed by resource mobilization to undertake full spectrum reconstruction & rehabilitation

  16. CHALLENGES • Post disaster consequence management to include:- • Health • Food • Shelter • Water and Sanitation • Reconstruction of communication and power infrastructure • Regenerating livelihood

  17. ASSISTANCE REQUIRED FOOD ITEMS DRIED MILK FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES DATES HIGH NUTRITION BISCUITS MINERAL WATER FOOD PACKETS CONSISTING OF TEA, SUGAR, MILK POWDER, VEGETABLE OIL, PULSES AND SPICES

  18. REQUIREMENTS • NON FOOD ITEMS • WATER COOLERS • FOOTWEAR FOR CHILDREN • BLANKETS • FLOOR MATTRESSES • COOKING UTENSILS • MOSQUITO NETS • BED SPREADS

  19. REQUIREMENTS • PERSONAL HYGIENE KIT • SOAP • TOOTH PASTE • DIAPERS/PAMPERS FOR MINORS • HAND TOWELS • FEMALE SANITARY PADS • WASHING POWDER/SOAP

  20. REQUIREMENTS • MISCELLANEOUS • ORS • PRICKELY HEAT POWDER • WATER PURIFICATION TABLETS • TORCHES • MOSQUITO REPELLENTS • CHILDREN ANTI RASH CREAMS • CANDLES/MATCH BOXES

  21. APPEAL LAUNCHED BY MR. JOHN HOLMES, THE USG FOR HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS AND THE EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR THE UN & ITS PARTNERS WILL NEED NEARLY 460MILLION US DOLLARS TO MEET THE URGENT HUMANITARIAN NEEDS OF MILLIONS OF PEOPLE IN FLOOD-DEVASTATED PAKISTAN

  22. WAY FORWARD • Bilateral assistance in kind on 33 % each province sharing formulae will continue to be distributed by the federal government • International community is being sensitized for additional assistance • NDMA has cleared UN Initial Flood Emergency Response Plan worth $ 459 m, focusing on shelter (105 m) health, (56 m), food (156 m) and WASH (110 m)

  23. WAY FORWARD • WB and ADB have been asked for carrying out damage and need assessment for generating requisite financial resources for rehabilitation and reconstruction

  24. PROCESSDURATION RESPONSIBILITY ACTIVITY 30 October Relief Govt + UNOCHA 25 August 30 December Govt / UNDP Early Recovery 25 August 30 September D& NA WB and ADB 30 November 30 September Resource Mobilization 1st December onwards R & R Govt

  25. LOGISTICS FLOW SYSTEM MOB Chaklala FOB FOB FOB Multan Sukkur Peshawar Rajanpur DGK A.abad Ghazi DIST DIST DIST DIST DIST PUNJAB KPK SIND

  26. PRIME MINISTER’S APPEAL FOR ASSISTANCE TO COPE WITH THE SITUATION BY UNPRECEDENTED FLOODS IN PAKISTAN Pakistan has been hit by the worst flood of it history. While still struggling to cope with the negative impact of the situation on our western borders and the Internally Displaced Persons crisis, we have yet been hit by another natural disaster. The loss of human life and infrastructure is colossal. Real assessment of the damages can only be done once the water recedes. As I speak, the flood is still engulfing new areas and adding to the scale of devastation. At this time of crisis I would like to appeal to the international community to support Pakistan to help alleviate the sufferings of the flood affected people. Let me at the same time appreciate the quick response by some members of the international community, who have immediately rushed relief goods and provided other support. I would take this opportunity to appeal to the overseas Pakistanis to extend support to the people of their homeland in coping with their losses and sufferings. I also urge the corporate sector of Pakistan to come forward and shoulder their social responsibility and generously support the victims of the disastrous flood.”

  27. IMAGES

  28. A BOY HANGS ON TO THE FRONT OF A CARGO TRUCK WHILE PASSING THROUGH A FLOODED ROAD IN RISALPUR, LOCATED IN NOWSHERA

  29. PEOPLE WAIT TO CROSS A FLOODED ROAD IN BANNU

  30. RESIDENTS EVACUATE TO SAFETY IN A FLOOD-HIT AREA OF NOWSHERA

  31. FLOOD AFFECTED AREA IN MUZAFFARABAD

  32. RESIDENTS WATCH WATER POUR THROUGH A STREET ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF PESHAWAR

  33. PEOPLE CROSSING A DESTROYED BRIDGE

  34. A FAMILY TRYING TO RESETTLE THEIR DESTROYED HOME

  35. FLOOD-AFFECTED PEOPLE JOSTLE FOR FOOD RELIEF

  36. ONLOOKERS PERCHED ON A DAMAGED BRIDGE WATCH A FLOOD SURVIVOR USE A ROPE TO CROSS THE RIVER

  37. A FAMILY PORTRAIT IS SEEN, ATTACHED TO A BOOKCASE BURIED IN MUD

  38. A BOY IS FLUNG BACK BY THE FORCE OF A PAKISTAN AIR FORCE HELICOPTER ROTORS AS IT DROPS WATER SUPPLIES TO RESIDENTS

  39. VILLAGERS MOVE TO HIGH GROUND ESCAPING A FLOOD-HIT VILLAGE

  40. MEN TAKE REFUGE ON A BOAT DURING HEAVY RAIN

  41. FLOOD SURVIVORS CROSS A BRIDGE NEAR A DAMAGED HOME

  42. EVACUEES WADE THROUGH A FLOODED AREA FOLLOWING HEAVY MONSOON RAINS