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Implementing Your 2010 Energy Plan: Boost Profitability with Energy-Efficient Equipment. June 29, 2010. Meet your moderators. Tracie Bagans, Manager, Corporate SMB Accounts, FPL. Mike Carter, Sr. Engineer, Business Energy Service, FPL . Tari Emerson, P. E., Senior Manager

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Implementing your 2010 energy plan boost profitability with energy efficient equipment l.jpg

Implementing Your 2010 Energy Plan:Boost Profitability with Energy-Efficient Equipment

June 29, 2010

Slide2 l.jpg

Meet your moderators

Tracie Bagans, Manager, Corporate SMB Accounts, FPL

Mike Carter, Sr. Engineer,

Business Energy Service, FPL

Tari Emerson, P. E., Senior Manager

Sustainable Operations, Kohl’s

Marilyn Arnall, Account Manager,


Agenda l.jpg

  • When is the right time to replace your equipment?

  • How to select which equipment to upgrade

    • Prioritization

    • Getting started

  • Energy-efficient equipment explained – Kohl’s Department Success Story

    • Lighting

    • Refrigeration

    • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC)

    • Demand Control Ventilation (DCV)

    • Demand Control Ventilation – Exhaust Hoods

    • Energy Recovery Ventilation (ERV)

    • Office Equipment

  • Next steps

    • Selecting a contractor

    • Financing options

  • Summary

Energy efficient equipment upgrades l.jpg

Upgrading your equipment is an important step in a company’s overall energy management plan

Energy-efficient Equipment Upgrades

  • Writing and implementing an energy plan provides a strategy

    • Follow the eight-step process

    • A proven strategy for energy management developed by the EPA

    • Assists your organization in improving its energy and financial performance

    • Distinguishes your organization as an environmental leader

  • Equipment upgrades are often required to maximize savings opportunities

    • Cost

    • Energy

Strategic Planning

Businesses are reducing their energy use by 30 percent or more

through effective energy management practices *

* Source: EPA

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Because financial investment is typically required, purchase and installment of equipment upgrades must be strategically planned

When is the Right Time to Upgrade?

  • Low-cost, no-cost enhancements are typically made first

  • Ideal times to upgrade to energy-efficient models and systems

    • As equipment fails

    • With a new facility or major remodel

    • As part of your energy plan

* Source: EPA

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Knowing the estimated life span of your equipment helps determine when to upgrade

When Should Your Equipment Be Replaced?

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Determining which initiatives to start with can be difficult, especially if a significant investment is required

Ways to Prioritize Opportunities

  • Conduct a performance assessment to determine which items account for the highest consumption

  • Determine the value of your proposed investment

    • Use Energy Star’s Cash Flow Opportunity calculator ( financing)

  • Consider a staged approach

    • Accounts for the interactions among all the energy flows in your building

    • A systematic method for planning upgrades that increases energy savings

    • Each stage includes changes that affect the upgrades performed in subsequent stages, producing the greatest possible energy and cost savings

Sample Staged Implementation

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Developing estimated savings of equipment upgrades can help prioritize initiatives

How Much Could Your Company Save?

  • National data from independent studies

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Many tools are available to help you develop your equipment checklist

Getting Started

Where To Begin

  • Before deciding what investments to make, take an inventory of what equipment you have and determine what energy-saving opportunities exist

  • Companies typically focus first on equipment and systems responsible for consuming the most energy

FPL’s Business Energy Evaluation

  • As your energy partner, FPL will:

    • Evaluate your energy usage

    • Provide recommendations

    • Offer rebates

  • You will receive:

    • Recommendations for installing energy improvements

    • Information about FPL’s incentive programs

    • A list of low-cost measures that will help you save energy

  • Call 1-800-FPL-5566, or

  • Talk to your FPL account manager, if you have one

Lighting l.jpg
Lighting checklist

Upgrade Strategy

Evaluate lighting system for upgrade opportunities

If selecting a consultant look for certifications (LC, CLS)

Computer models help ensure that the lighting design meets criteria for your facility

Consider enhancements based on your facility type and business requirements

Bulbs / lamps



Evaluate control systems

Bi-level switching


Occupancy sensors

Daylight sensors

Depending on your business type, lighting can account for 20 to 50 percent of electricity consumption

Fluorescent lighting l.jpg
Fluorescent Lighting checklist

New, more efficient fluorescent lighting systems offer improved light quality and practically eliminate flicker

Standard fluorescent lamps can be hidden in your facility. Be sure to check: Suspended and recessed “troffer” fixtures, recessed “can” fixtures, wall sconces, suspended fixtures, lamps and task lighting, illuminated exit signs and exterior and facade

Lighting12 l.jpg

Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) checklist

Comparison with traditional lighting

Frequent switching does not affect rated life for LEDs as it does for fluorescents

Directional nature of LED results in very high luminaire efficacy

Very compact and low-profile

Instant on (no warm-up time required)


LEDs last much longer, but check lumens per watt output.

*At 40% fluorescent rated life; 70% to 90% at 50,000 hours

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Lighting Savings Opportunities checklist

Simple, inexpensive lamp and ballast upgrades can generate significant savings immediately and over time

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Lighting Controls checklist

Bi-level switching

Good for offices, conference rooms and classrooms

Allows you to turn off half of the lights in a room when full illumination is not required

T8 bi-level switching ballasts


T8 dimming ballasts

Occupancy sensors

Daylight sensors (Photocells)

Turn exterior lights on and off based on daylight

Many control technologies are available to save money and add convenience to your lighting system

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More Lighting Tips checklist

Replace lamps before they lose effectiveness

Label electrical switches

Left on at all times

Left on during business hours only

Left on during occupancy hours only

Switch to LEDs (light emitting diodes) for exit signs and holiday lights

Use task lighting when appropriate

Allow for natural daylight

Blinds to control window light

Sky lights and "sun tubes“ to transfer solar light from the sun to a building without heat gain

Light shelves

Daylight dimming systems use small photo sensors to control each electronic ballast

Clean and inspect your lighting systems regularly

Following these tips helps conserve energy and maximize the life of your lighting equipment

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FPL Lighting Incentive checklist

Upgrading to a more efficient system will lower operating costs and result in better quality lighting

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Operate 1088 stores in 49 states by year end checklist

Headquarters in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin

$17.5 billion in sales

130,000 + associates

The Kohl’s corporation, a large national retailer, has made a commitment to energy conservation

Kohl’s Background

Kohl s department stores business focus l.jpg
Kohl’s Department Stores Business Focus checklist

Customer-focused approach

Offering value-oriented national and private brands

Convenient, fun shopping experience

Energy-efficiency initiatives support Kohl’s promise to offer value to its customers

Energy efficiency initiatives l.jpg
Energy-efficiency Initiatives checklist

All Kohl’s stores are controlled with a building automation system

Temperatures and lighting schedules are universal and set and controlled at the corporate office

Occupied, maintenance and unoccupied modes

Measure and monitor store temperatures and energy use

Third party billing program

Data base with usage and rates

Review of usage patterns

Data transfers to Energy Star Portfolio Manager

At Kohl’s, energy-efficiency starts with control, measurement and data

Sussex, WI

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Energy Star Portfolio Manager checklist

Benchmarks your buildings against other similar sites

Score 0 to 100 based on your efficiency

Score 75 or better to earn Energy Star label for your building

Use the data to determine your focus

Energy Star’s Portfolio Manager helps you benchmark your energy usage

Energy star scores for kohl s department stores l.jpg
Energy Star Scores for checklistKohl’s Department Stores

Kohl’s uses Energy Star’s portfolio manager to rate its stores

Upgrades l.jpg
Upgrades checklist

Ceramic metal halide spot light replacement programCeramic Metal Halide PAR 38 Relamp

Burn cooler which releases less heat into the stores

Reduces energy consumption from 75W to 24W per spotlight

Variable Speed Drives

Motor speed is controlled by actual demand which eliminates waste caused by fixed-speed operation

Reduced our fan motor power consumption by 47%

3 to 2 lamp kit conversions for ambient lights

Reduces energy consumption per fixture from 88W to 48W

Use utility rebate programs to help improve your ROI

Kohl’s recommends taking advantage of technological improvements to save

Results l.jpg
Results checklist

Kohl’s has realized a 5 percent improvement every year since implementing energy-efficiency improvements

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Milestones checklist

480 ENERGY STAR labeled stores

88 activated photo voltaic solar arrays

64 LEED certified buildings

100 percent green power in 2010

Goal to be net zero carbon emissions in 2010, 2011, 2012

Kohl’s has reached many targeted sustainability milestones

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Kohl’s in the News checklist

Kohl’s has benefited from positive press on its energy conservation measures and associated cultural shift

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Awards and Recognition checklist

Energy Star Partner of the Year

Energy Star Design to Earn

Newsweek #1 Green Retailer

Green Power Partner of the Year

Kohl’s has been rewarded and recognized for its energy conservation efforts

Learn more about Kohl’s environmental progress at:

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Grocery stores, convenience stores and restaurants can attribute 25 to 60 percent of their energy use to refrigeration


Upgrade Strategy

  • Use savings calculators to evaluate potential payback


  • Identify key product requirements based on your business needs

  • Source qualified products

  • Determine where to buy

  • Understand installation requirements

  • Develop and implement a maintenance plan

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Your facility’s size and type combined with your business needs determine the type of refrigeration system used


  • Technology options can save considerably on electricity used for refrigeration.

  • Save:

  • 10 percent with energy-efficient case lighting

  • 3 to 10 percent with floating head pressure controls

  • 5 to 13 percent with energy-efficient fan motors

  • 1 to 6 percent with defrost controls

  • 3 to 9 percent with evaporative condensers

  • Many advances have been made in commercial refrigeration technology

    • Cost effective

    • Improve product quality

  • Types of refrigeration systems

    • Central refrigeration system

      • Refrigerated spaces connected to a remote condenser

      • Emit waste heat outside of the conditioned space through the condenser

    • Stand-alone refrigeration system (Merchandiser)

      • The case, evaporator and condenser are packaged in a single unit

Refrigeration efficiency opportunities l.jpg

Today, many features are available in refrigeration that can maximize energy efficiency

Refrigeration Efficiency Opportunities

  • When purchasing commercial refrigerators and freezers, consider the following energy-saving features:

    • Premium insulation packages where available for walk-in coolers

    • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) premium motors and/or variable speed drives on evaporator and condenser fans

    • Oversized condensers to supercool refrigerant

    • Humidistat controlled anti-sweat heaters, instead of timers, for large display systems

    • Evaporative condensers

    • Defrost controls, instead of timers, that measure frost accumulation and humidity

    • Floating head pressure systems and/or liquid pressure amplifier pumps

    • Glass door cases (instead of open door cases)

    • Heat recovery from compressors and condensers to provide hot water

    • Automatic door closers (with appropriate interior safety releases)

Compared to standard models, ENERGY STAR labeled commercial refrigerators and freezers can lead to as much as

35 percent energy savings with a 1.3 year payback

Refrigeration maintenance tips l.jpg

Regularly scheduled maintenance ensures that your refrigeration systems are working effectively and efficiently

Refrigeration Maintenance Tips

  • Engage a qualified refrigeration contractor in a maintenance contract with seasonal tune-ups

    • During these tune-ups, a technician should check combustion efficiency, refrigerant level, and belt tension as applicable.

  • Properly load the unit

    • Overloaded refrigeration units result in disrupted airflow while under loaded units are using more energy than needed.

  • Clean cooling coils regularly to ensure proper airflow and heat transfer

  • Consult your refrigeration professional when considering any modification to an existing refrigeration system that involves changing refrigerants

Fpl refrigeration incentive l.jpg

With anti-sweat heater controls and equipment, building owners save energy and money

FPL Refrigeration Incentive

Heating ventilation and air conditioning hvac l.jpg

High-efficiency A/C units reduce cooling costs, which can account for up to half of a Florida business’s energy costs

Heating Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC)

Upgrade Strategy

  • Reduce load on existing system(s)

  • Get quotes

    • Compare cost of standard unit to high efficiency unit, including lifecycle costs

    • Request that your HVAC professional conduct an Air Conditioning Contractors of America's (ACCA) Manual N Commercial Load Calculation to ensure proper sizing

  • Consider system enhancements based on your facility type and business requirements

    • Heating / Cooling unit upgrade

    • Energy Recovery Ventilation (ERV) system

    • Chiller

    • Thermal Energy Storage

  • Evaluate control systems to manage your new system’s load

    • Demand Control Ventilation (DCV)

    • Programmable thermostat

    • Multiple zones

© 2010 Tech Resources, Inc.7

Sample annual savings direct expansion air conditioner and heat pumps l.jpg

Upgrading a 10-ton unit from a 10.3 to a 13 EER system would produce an annual savings of $770

Sample Annual Savings: Direct Expansion Air Conditioner and Heat Pumps

Based on an existing 10-ton unit with an EER of 10.3, operating 10 months a year at $.082/kwh and $9.10/kwd rate plus 10 percent tax.

Even if your air conditioner is only 10 years old, you may save 20 percent on your cooling energy costs by replacing it with a newer, more efficient model

Packaged rooftop air conditioners l.jpg

Approximately half of all U.S. commercial floor space is cooled by self-contained packaged air-conditioning units that have recently-improved energy-efficiency standards

Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners

  • Self-contained units that sit on rooftops

  • Mass-produced machines include:

    • Cooling equipment

    • Air-handling fans

    • Gas or electric heating equipment (sometimes)

  • Available in sizes ranging from one to more than 100 tons of air-conditioning capacity

  • Energy-efficiency considerations

    • Select the right size

    • Consider high-efficiency levels recommended by the Consortium for Energy Efficiency

    • Evaluate high-efficiency models by performing a cost-effectiveness calculation

    • Pay attention to design, commissioning and maintenance

Fpl incentive on a c equipment l.jpg
FPL Incentive on A/C Equipment cooled by self-contained packaged air-conditioning units that have recently-improved energy-efficiency standards

Even if your air conditioner is only 10 years old, you may save 20 percent on your cooling costs by replacing it with a newer, more efficient model

Demand control ventilation dcv l.jpg

Demand Control Ventilation adjusts ventilation rates based on actual occupancy at any given time

Demand Control Ventilation (DCV)

What is DCV?

  • A system that controls a building’s ventilation based on carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration

    • Sensors monitor the CO2 levels and send a signal to the HVAC system

    • Brings in only the air necessary for the actual occupancy

  • Best for businesses with long operating hours, where occupancy varies greatly and is unpredictable

    • Stores, supermarkets, theaters and places of worship

Benefits to DCV

  • Easily added to existing HVAC systems

  • Reduces A/C costs by up to 10 percent or more annually

  • Helps HVAC equipment operate more efficiently and last longer

  • Maintains indoor air quality and comfort more efficiently

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Demand control ventilation is a more efficient and affordable way to meet fresh air requirements and lower energy costs

FPL’s Demand Control Ventilation Incentive

  • Example of CO2 Sensors:

    • A 20,000 square foot retail store would earn an $1,080 incentive, based on installing at least 4 or more CO2 sensors.

Kitchen demand control ventilation dcv l.jpg

Kitchen DCV systems reduce the outside air flows for a facility, decreasing the HVAC load

Kitchen Demand Control Ventilation (DCV)

What is Kitchen DCV?

  • A system that uses variable speed fan control to reduce exhaust and airflow when appliances are not being used to capacity or are turned off

Benefits to Kitchen DCV

  • Cost savings

    • Businesses can save up to 50 percent a year in ventilation energy costs

    • Saves on cooling cost

      • Hood operation is reduced and therefore less conditioned air is exhausted

    • Incremental cost for a kitchen DCV system is around $0.4 per cfm

  • Eliminates Kitchen Hood Overuse

    • Increases Hood Efficiency

    • Hoods last longer

  • Ensures proper IAQ

Reduction in Exhaust and

MUA Fan Energy

Reduction in

MUA cooling

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New and existing facilities can qualify for incentives on FPL’s Kitchen DCV or CO2 sensors

FPL’s Kitchen DCV Incentive

  • Example of Kitchen Hood Controls:

    • A 5,000 CFM exhaust hood with VFD speed drives controlled by usage sensors could earn an $1,663 incentive.

Energy recovery ventilation erv l.jpg

An energy recovery ventilation system reclaims waste energy from the exhaust air stream and uses it to condition incoming fresh air

Energy Recovery Ventilation (ERV)

What is ERV?

  • Commercial buildings are required to bring in fresh air – typically 15-20 cubic feet per minute (cfm) for every occupant

  • The unconditioned fresh air greatly increases a building’s air conditioning load

  • Since an equal amount of air must be vented outdoors, air you’ve paid to cool is basically being thrown away

  • ERV systems help reduce waste and lower energy costs

Benefits to ERV

  • Reduces peak A/C load by as much as 20 percent

  • Can cut total energy costs by as much as 10 percent per year

  • Reduces energy waste and increases heating and cooling efficiency levels by up to 40 percent

  • Controls indoor humidity, which prevents mold and mildew

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A redesigned air conditioning system with ERV helped the Museum of Art/Fort Lauderdale yield success

Case Study


  • Museum of Art / Fort Lauderdale (MoA/FL)


  • 20-year-old chillers were ineffective at maintaining humidity and temperature levels needed in a museum environment.

  • The MoA/FL also wanted to become one of four U.S. locations to attract the King Tut exhibit. Stringent requirements exist for protecting the 3,500 year old artifacts.


  • A redesigned air conditioning system with Energy Recovery Ventilation


  • Won the exhibit and over 700,000 visitors

  • 31,000 kWh/yr savings

  • Cooling reduction of 48 tons

  • Total energy cost savings of $5,966/yr

  • FPL incentive of $16,482

“We welcomed 700,000 people to the KingTut exhibit. Our new cooling system did its job to keep indoor temperatures cool and

humidity under control – which is an essential part of our existence.”

– Anthony Lauro, Museum of Art/Fort Lauderdale

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FPL offers incentives for installing a qualifying ERV unit Museum of Art/Fort Lauderdale yield success

FPL Incentive on ERV Systems

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Selecting experienced, competent contractors and energy professionals is critical to the success of your project

Selecting a Contractor

  • Ask for multiple references and be sure to check them

  • Get written cost estimates

  • Only hire contractors who are licensed and insured

  • Ask your contractor to certify that the work conforms to state and local regulations and codes

  • Verify that the contractor carries workers compensation insurance

  • Make sure that the contractor is experienced and is using energy-efficient equipment

Office equipment l.jpg
Office Equipment professionals is critical to the success of your project

Why Focus on Office Equipment

Building operators and owners are wasting money on office equipment that is not shut off

In many offices and businesses, computers, printers, copiers, task lights, fans and other devices are left on, in some cases, for 24 hours a day, 365 days a year

An estimated 80 percent of printers, 70 percent of copiers, and 20 to 30 percent of computer monitors and task lights are left on overnight

Upgrade Strategy

Evaluate current equipment and usage habits

Identify opportunities to add control mechanisms to power off unused equipment

Computer power-management software

Smart power strips

When equipment requires replacement, consider more energy-efficient models

LCD monitors

Using energy-efficient office equipment and control systems can save money and electricity while enhancing workers’ comfort

Potential savings on computer equipment l.jpg
Potential Savings on Computer Equipment professionals is critical to the success of your project

Offices can save approximately $70/year per computer just by using Sleep Mode

© 2010 Tech Resources Inc.

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Computer Savings Opportunities professionals is critical to the success of your project

Computer monitors

Select LCD over CRT

Over the course of its lifetime, the LCD monitor will save more than $100 in energy costs compared to a similar CRT monitor and will last nearly three times as long

Look for the Energy Star label

Long-term energy savings will typically outweigh any initial price difference

Choose the smallest monitor that meets your needs

Power-management settings

Encourage employees to enable and use the existing power-management capabilities of their PCs

Have your IT expert develop and deploy logon scripts that control power-management settings

Use third-party software to establish and implement a computer power-management policy across the company LAN or WAN

Offices with many computers can benefit from switching to LCD panel monitors and using computer-power management software

annual Office computer monitor energy costs exceed

$250 million and account for roughly

4 billion pounds of carbon dioxide emissions

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Smart Power Strips professionals is critical to the success of your project

Use monitors, timers and sensors to turn off unused equipment

Control a variety of devices that can be turned off when not in use


Coffee warmers

Space heaters

Computer monitors

Plug devices that must stay on into outlets that are not controlled by smart power strips

Fax machines


Computer processing units

Certain printers

Smart power strips add up to significant savings by powering off office equipment that is not in use

Employee personal appliances circumvent energy-efficiency efforts and can cost up to $135 annually per office

Sample Appliance Costs

In most cases, smart power strips can save enough electricity to enable payback periods of less than two years!

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Whether your company is large or small, many financing options exist to help fund energy efficiency improvements

Financing Options for Small and Large Companies

  • The options that are right for your company depend upon factors such as:

    • Company size

    • Risk tolerance

    • Credit rating

    • Enhancement type

    • Savings impact

* In rare situations

Summary slide l.jpg

FPL will provide you with the tools needed to identify and implement your equipment upgrade program. Start the process with a Business Energy Evaluation

Summary Slide

  • Get started with a Business Energy Evaluation

    • Call 1-800-FPL-5566, or

    • Talk to your FPL account manager, if you have one

  • Identify upgrade requirements

  • Determine timing

  • Use resources available to make smart purchase decisions

  • To access previous webinars

    • Developing Your 2010 Energy Plan: Eight Essential Steps You Need to Know

      • Eight steps to building your energy plan

    • Funding Your 2010 Energy Plan: Valuable Financial Tips and Resources

      • Resources available to finance your energy plan


to access FPL’s equipment buying guide