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Aim: What were the causes and effects of the fall of the Soviet Union?. Mikhael Gorbachev ’ s attempts to solve the problems of the Soviet Union. Pulls out of Afghanistan and reduces military spending Gives up military control of Eastern Europe Announces “ Perestroika ” and “ Glasnost ”

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mikhael gorbachev s attempts to solve the problems of the soviet union
Mikhael Gorbachev’s attempts to solve the problems of the Soviet Union
  • Pulls out of Afghanistan and reduces military spending
  • Gives up military control of Eastern Europe
  • Announces “Perestroika”and “Glasnost”
    • Perestroika – encouraging a free market, not a command, economy
    • Glasnost – openness and political freedom; non-communist political parties allowed
eastern european nations turn west
Eastern European nations turn West
  • Communist governments resign, usually peacefully
  • Eastern European nations leave the Warsaw Bloc, open borders with Western Europe
  • Berlin Wall falls, Germany re-united

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4434331027793809225&q=berlin+wall+video&ei=-bg4SAuU-OICi87U4gM&hl=en

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-181898405138602708&q=berlin%20wall%20video&hl=en

soviet union splits up communist government collapses
Soviet Union splits up; Communist government collapses
  • Dissension within Communist Party about Gorbachev’s path leads to attempted coup
  • Soviet government falls
  • Soviet Union splits into many different nations, by nationality group

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-8953962851459266994&q=soviet+union+leaders&ei=HLs4SNfZKpm05AKXgqXfAw

the soviet bloc s demise
The Soviet Bloc’s demise
  • Most Eastern European nations (including Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) join NATO and the European Union
  • Central Asian states – “stans” – stay allied to Russia - “Commonwealth of Independent States” - but also look east and south
  • Which way to turn? Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia
boris yeltsin and the fall of russia
Boris Yeltsin and the Fall of Russia
  • 1990s: Privatization of the “means of production”: State property handed over to those with political connections
  • Boris Yeltsin presided over a decade of
    • democratization
    • economic collapse
    • removal of communist “safety net”
vladimir putin and the rise of russia
Vladimir Putin and the Rise of Russia
  • Vladimir Putin: President 2000-08
    • Stability for Russian economy w/ help from high oil prices
    • Return of authoritarian government, Russian nationalism
    • Attempts to recreate sphere of influence in Commonwealth of Independent States (the “stans”)
    • Disputes with Ukraine and Georgia when they “look West”
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