Beliefs of Islam Ally Philyaw Sarah Bingham Caitlin Whiten Amy Wood
Basic Tenets of Islam • Belief in one and only God, without any partner, companion, etc. • Belief in Muhammad as the prophet and Messenger of God • Belief in the Five Pillars of Islam • Belief in the Six Articles of Faith • Belief in the Quran • Following the teachings of the Quran • Performing good deeds
Muhammad the Prophet • Muslims believe that the angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad to give him special revelations • Muhammad discovered that he was to be the messenger of God and spread the teachings he received • Muhammad was the last of God’s prophets • Muslims do not believe that Muhammad is the reincarnate of God or the son of God, but his messenger
The Six Articles of Faith • These express the core beliefs of Muslims • God • The angels of God • The scriptures of God • The prophets of God • Resurrection • The Divine Creed
God • Muslims are monotheistic, meaning they believe in one God • This God is called Allah • Allah is eternal and omnipotent • Allah alone created the universe
Angels • Angels are made of light and given different purposes by God • Gabriel delivered the divine message to Muhammad • Kiraaman and Katibeen record the actions of humans, one recording good deeds and the other bad deeds • Azrael, the angel of death, removes the soul from the body • Munkir and Nakir question each person at the grave
Scriptures • Muslims believe that the writings of Moses (the Torah), David (the Psalms), Jesus (the Gospel), and Muhammad (the Quran) are all holy • However, the writings of the Quran are the only ones personally protected by God • The other books may have been altered over time by their followers
Prophets • God uses prophets on the earth to deliver his message • All these prophets are viewed equally • No prophet’s message is less valid than any of the others
Resurrection • At the end of the world, all humans will be resurrected from the grave • On the Day of Judgement, each person will be held accountable for their actions on Earth • The innocent people will be sent to heaven and the evil people will be sent to hell
The Divine Creed • According to the Divine Creed, God is supreme and not limited by anything • God knows all and controls all • We have free will and can choose the path of our lives because God allowed us to do so • Even though we have free choice, God already knows each thing that we will do
Five Pillars • The Five Pillars lay out the beliefs and rituals of the Islamic faith • They are: • Shahadah, the confession of faith • Salat, prayer • Sawm Ramadan, fasting during the month of Ramadan • Zakat, the giving of alms • Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca
Shahadah • Shahadah means “the confession of faith” in the Muslim world. • The Shahadah is: “There is not God but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” • This is the very first thing spoken to a newborn child. • This is also the last thing spoken to someone right before death.
Salat • Salat means “prayer”. Prayer is very important in the Islam world; Muslims pray five times every day. • The daily prayers are prayed facing the holy land of Mecca. • The prayers are read from the holy book of Islam, the Qur’an.
Sawm Ramadan • The Sawm Ramadan is the fast that takes place during the month of Ramadan. • During the month-long fast, Muslims have to refrain from food, drinks, and sexual relationships from dawn until dusk each day. • This process is used to purify Muslims as a “renunciation of the world”.
Zakat • Zakat means “alms-giving”. • A duty to God of Muslims is to distribute the wealth they earn to those who are less fortunate than them. • Islamic law states that everyone must give 2.5% of their money to the less fortunate; this is paid by the Muslims in taxes.
Hajj • Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca. • All Muslims must go to Mecca at least once in their lives. • This allows the believers to gain a perspective on their lives and their places in society.
Works Cited Bard, Mitchell. "Muhammad." Jewish Virtual Library - Homepage. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/ Muhammad.html>. "The Five Pillars." Washington State University - Pullman, Washington. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/5PILLARS.HT M>. "The Six Articles Of Faith." Muslim Voices: Islam Blog, Videos and Podcasts Promoting Intercultural Dialogue. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://muslimvoices.org/articles-faith/#>.