Objectives Beliefs of Judaism Learn about the basic beliefs of Judaism. Explore the effect that Judaism has had on other religions
Key Terms Beliefs of Judaism Covenant- a promise made by God Moses- an Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan prophet- a religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god Diaspora- the scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs
Beliefs of Judaism • Israelites closely connected religion and history • Israelites beliefs became a religion known today as Judaism • Judaism was monotheistic from the beginning • Different than the beliefs of nearby people.
Most ancient gods were connected to certain places or people • Israelites believed that God is present everywhere • God to them knows everything and has complete power A promise to the Israelites Beliefs of Judaism
Beliefs of Judaism A promise to the Israelites • The Torah God promised Abraham his people would become kings and build nations. • Because of this the Israelites thought themselves to be gods chosen people • This promise was later renewed by Moses. He told them God would lead them to Canaan if they obeyed God faithfully
Beliefs of Judaism Ten Commandments • At the heart of Judaism are the 10 Commandments • Israelites believed the 10 Commandments came through Moses • Commandments were like religious duties toward God
Beliefs of Judaism • They were rules to correct behavior • With the Commandments the Torah also set out many other laws Ten Commandments
Judaism and Woman • Some laws protected woman • As many other religions, women were considered to be of lower social status • Only a husband could seek divorce
Justice and Morality • The history of the Israelites tells of prophets • Prophets told them how God wanted them to live • They warned them not to disobey god’s law
Effects of Judaism • Exile from Judah in 587 B.C. • Romans drove the Jews out of their homeland in 135 A.D • After that, Jewish people scattered to different parts of the world
Effects of Judaism New Settlements • Wherever Jewish people settled they kept their heritage alive! • They also continued to obey their religious laws, worship at temples, and follow their traditions.
Major Achievements /Eventsof the Israelites: • Practice a different religion then other cultures in the fertile crescent. The believed in only one god. • Built Cities such as Jerusalem.
Question 1: _______________ is a promise made by God?
Question 2: An Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan?
Question 3: A religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god?
Question 4: The scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs.
Question 5: What religion did the Israelites practice?
Question 6: What laws did the Israelites obey?
Question 7: How many gods did the Israelites worship? What is the a called?
Question 8: What major city did the Israelites build?
Question 9: Where did Moses receive his message about the way that the Israelites were suppose to live?
Question 10: • What civilization conquered Israel?
Question 11: The Israelite leader, who said “you must please follow me and give me your trust I won’t mislead you or leave you stranded This trip is called the _________
Question 12: What made the Israelites leave Egypt?