Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Absolute Monarchs • Rise of Absolute Kings • Preview: • How might having a king with totalpower be a good thing? Explain your answer
The Age of Absolutism A period from 1648 to 1763 when European monarchs began to create powerful nations that placed unlimited power in the hands of the king and his/her advisors
What is an Absolute Monarch? • European kings had very little power during the Middle Ages but slowly gained power during the Renaissance • Eventually, the kings in Spain, France, Russia, Austria, & Prussia had complete control over the lords & commoners in their nation
Peter & Catherine the Great of Russia Frederick the Great of Prussia How did kings go from having no power in the Middle Ages to becoming absolute monarchs after the Renaissance? Louis XIV of France Maria Theresa of Austria Phillip II of Spain
Middle Ages (500-1300) • During the Middle Ages, Feudalism was very important: • Feudalism divided society into clear classes (You’re either a poor peasant, a noble, or a monarch & there was little chance to move up) • Feudalism provided order & protection for the common peasants
Middle Ages (500-1300) • In the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church had unquestioned power • Almost everyone was Catholic in Europe so the pope served almost like a king • The church controlled peoples’ actions because church leaders controlled access into heaven & could excommunicate people
Renaissance (1300-1600) • But the Crusades, Black Death, & 100 Years War weakened the power of feudal lords • In the Renaissance, kings gained power & began to form strong nations as trade increased, people moved to cities, a new middle was class formed, & mercantilism gave wealthy kings lots of power Wealth = Power
Protestant Reformation (1517-1550) • During the Reformation, critics like Martin Luther, John Calvin, & Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church • This weakened the power of the church & the Pope
Age of Absolutism (1648-1763) • When feudal lords & the pope lost power, someone had to step up & lead the people • People looked to their new wealthy kings to create a sense of order & act as figures of authority • As a result of this need, monarchs were able gain almost absolute (unlimited) power
Age of Absolutism (1648-1763) • Monarchs justified their right to have absolute power by using the idea of divine right—kings get their powers from God, not the people or a parliament
Age of Absolutism (1648-1763) • European kings were afraid one nation would become too strong & conquer the others; So they tried to keep a balance of power • As a result, lots of wars were fought during this time period Spain France