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Hitler ’ s War PowerPoint Presentation
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Hitler ’ s War

Hitler ’ s War

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Hitler ’ s War

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  1. Hitler’s War The History of Western Civilization since 1500 Prof. Dr. George S. Vascik

  2. Hitler’s policies and principles • Hitler entered politics to restart the Great War on terms Germany could win • Once in power he • Consolidated his dictatorship • Abolished other political parties, trade unions and independent associations (Gleichgeschaltung) • Press censorship • Concentration camps and secret police • Entire society propagandized • Got the economy going again • Rebuilt the military

  3. What kind of rearmament • Blitzkrieg - “lightening war” • War would be fast, relatively cheap, not exact too great a price on German people • Concentration of armor • Armored divisions with motorized infantry • Most French and British armor was spread out into regular infantry divisions • Concentration on weak part of enemy force • Encircle and cut off enemy (bullet-in-brain) • Use of air power as mobile artillery, weapon of terror

  4. Blitzkrieg German French

  5. Appeasement • Hitler was abetted in his rearmament by the British and French • Appeasement - giving in to Hitler’s legitimate demands • Remilitarization • Anschluß of Austria • The Munich Conference in October 1938 gave Hitler the Sudetenland Neville Chamberlain

  6. Hitlerian “racial science” • Different “races” -ethnic groups - have different essential characteristics. • A persons characteristics are determined by their “blood” - DNA. • The “strength” of a race depends upon the “purity” of their blood.

  7. Hitlerian racial heirarchy Jews Germanic Scandinavian German Dutch English French Italian Spanish Portugese Latin Poles Czechs Russians Slavic Asians, Africans, Americans

  8. Preparing for race war • Initial period of ad hoc measures (1933-1935) • April 1, 1933 - boycott of Jewish businesses • April 7, 1933 – Jews expelled from civil service • Oct 4, 1933 – Jews excluded from press • May 5, 1934 – Jews excluded from medical school exams • July 22, 1934 – Jews excluded from law school exams • May 21, 1935 – Jews excluded from military service • Very unpopular overseas, many Germans reluctant to take part

  9. Racial identification • The Nuremberg Laws (1935) • Identify who was Jewish • Isolate Jews from German society and economy • Encourage Jewish emigration • http://www.kroener.info/ahnenpass/kr%F6ner/

  10. Extermination • Hitler’s invasion of Poland and the Soviet Union put millions of Jews under his control • The “unwritten order” • Issued sometime between July 1941 and January 1942 • Perhaps evolved in stages • “Final Solution” • Experimentation • Pogroms, Einsatzgruppen executions, gas wagons • Establishing 6 killing centers in the East