western civilization university high school 2011 12 n.
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Western Civilization University High School 2011-12. Feudalism and Manorialism. Post-Charlemagne. Frankish kingdom  Charlemagne’s son  contention among 3 grandsons Treaty of Verdun: divided empire into 3 parts Charlemagne = last large unified state in Europe (Hitler, Napoleon?).

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Feudalism and Manorialism


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post charlemagne
Post-Charlemagne
  • Frankish kingdom  Charlemagne’s son  contention among 3 grandsons
  • Treaty of Verdun: divided empire into 3 parts
    • Charlemagne = last large unified state in Europe (Hitler, Napoleon?)
feudalism
Feudalism
  • decentralized Frankish power  increased localized power
  • nobles owned lots of land, gained military followings
    • oaths of loyalty to nobles made followers into vassals(Celtic word for “servant”)
    • nobles became lords
feudalism1
Feudalism
  • vassals gave aid (military & otherwise), support, & loyalty to lord
  • lords gave protection to vassals
    • fief: land that vassals lived on (but still belonged to lord)
      • included towns, churches, farms, forests, etc.
  • ***Feudalism was all about personal loyalties at local level, not loyalty to some distant unknown king.***
manorialism
Manorialism
  • most Middle Ages Europeans were not in feudal systems…
  • manorialism: people lived in manors (Latin for “dwelling”)
    • family groups in villages, small towns
  • still a relationship between lords and vassals
manorialism1
Manorialism
  • when entering relationship with lord, farmers lost free status (“serfs”)
    • bound to land, could not leave without lord’s permission
    • not quite slavery (didn’t own the person), but serfs subject to lord’s rules & laws
results of feudalism manorialism
Results of Feudalism & Manorialism
  • moderate population growth
    • reduced forests, wild lands
  • nobles
    • lived well (clothes, heated homes)
    • males hunted & managed estates
    • females raised children, education (sometimes even became nobles themselves)
  • serfs/vassals
    • dependence, not much opportunity for social advancement
feudalism activity
Feudalism activity
  • Step 1: Draw a role
    • 1 King  4 Nobles  28 Serfs
  • Step 2: Organize classroom into 4 manors, with a Noble in charge of each. All 4 Nobles answer to the King.
  • Step 3: Distribute money (M&Ms) and banks (plastic cups) to everyone.
feudalism activity1
Feudalism activity
  • Step 4: Get to work!
    • Serfs must plant crops to earn money
      • 1 piece of paper per tile (elbows only!)  go back to desk and make a checkmark
  • Step 5: Get paid!
    • Serfs get 4 M&Ms for each crop planted.
    • Serfs may keep 1 of those 4 M&Ms. The other 3 go to their Noble.
    • For each 3 M&Ms that a Noble receives, 2 must go to the King.
feudalism activity discussion questions
Feudalism activity discussion questions
  • 1. How many M&Ms did everyone end up with?
  • 2. Is feudalism a fair system?
  • 3. Why do you think that feudalism worked?
  • 4. What need would the nobles and king have for all that food and material?