Heartsaver FACTS First Aid - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Heartsaver FACTS First Aid

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Heartsaver FACTS First Aid
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Heartsaver FACTS First Aid

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  1. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Heartsaver FACTSFirst Aid FA00

  2. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Need for First Aid • Everyone will have to make the decision to help or not. • It’s better to know first aid & not need it, than to need it and not know it. FA01

  3. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS “Whatever can go wrong, will.” - Murphy’s Law FA02

  4. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS First Aid Defined. Immediate care given to injured or suddenly ill person. Given until medical care obtained or until chance of recovery w/o medical care is assured. Purpose. Find it; fix it. FA03

  5. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Bystander Action 1. Recognize the Emergency 2. Decide to help 3. Contact EMS, if needed 4. Assess the victim 5. Provide first aid FA04

  6. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Scene Survey • Hazards • Number of victims • Mechanisms (causes) of injury FA05

  7. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Victim Assessment A – Airway B – Breathing C – Circulation D – Disability ABCDs SAMPLE (medical history) DOTS (physical exam) FA08

  8. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Victim Assessment FA06

  9. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS ABCD = Initial Assessment A= Airway open? B= Breathing? C = Circulation? carotid pulse? severe bleeding? skin condition? D = Disability? sensation? movement? FA09

  10. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS SAMPLE History S = Sign/symptom A = Allergies M= Medications P = Pertinent past illnesses L = Last oral intake E = Events leading to the injury/illness FA11

  11. Physical exam (examine complaint) SAMPLE history FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Assessment SequenceInjured Victim Determine Responsiveness Check ABCDs Significant Mechanism of Injury No Significant Mechanism of Injury Physical exam (head-to-toe) SAMPLE history FA13

  12. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Significant Mechanisms of Injury • Falls (3x victim’s height) • Vehicle collisions involving: • ejection • roll-over • high speed • pedestrian • motorcycle • bicycle • Unresponsive or altered mental status • Penetrations (head, chest, abdomen) FA12

  13. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS DOPS = Signs of Injury D= Deformity O = Open wounds P = Pain S= Swelling FA10

  14. Types Arterial Venous Capillary Control by 1. Direct pressure 2. Elevate and direct pressure 3. Pressure point FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Bleeding FA15

  15. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Types of Open Wounds Abrasion Puncture Avulsion Incision Laceration FA16

  16. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Abrasion FA17

  17. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Avulsion FA19

  18. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Incision FA20

  19. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Laceration FA21

  20. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Lawn Mower Laceration FA22

  21. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Door Slammed on Finger FA23

  22. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Machinery Injury FA24

  23. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Auto Accident Scalp Wound FA25

  24. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Ring Avulsion FA26

  25. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Gunshot Wound to Chest FA27

  26. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Knife Wound to Throat FA28

  27. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Amputation of Thumb FA31

  28. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Amputation of Ear FA32

  29. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Swelling After Blunt Trauma to Eye FA45

  30. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Tooth Avulsion FA46

  31. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Broken Tooth FA47

  32. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Fracture: Open FA50

  33. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Fracture: Closed FA49

  34. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Impaled Objects 1. Do not remove 2. Stabilize object 3. Seek medical attention FA33

  35. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Puncture FA18

  36. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS BB in Eye FA43

  37. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Staple in Eye FA44

  38. Shallow wounds 1. Wash inside withsoap & water 2. Irrigate with pressurized water 3. Apply antibiotic ointment 4. Cover withsterile dressing High risk wounds 1. Seek medical carefor cleaning 2. Remote location - cleanas best you can FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Cleaning Wounds FA29

  39. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Physician Care Needed? • Clean high risk wounds • Close open wounds 1. Cosmetic, wide, gaping,underlying structure injured 2. Closure times = • extremities within 6 hours • head & trunk within 24 hours • Tetanus booster needed? FA30

  40. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn Assessment Seek medical care for: • Moderate and critical burns • All 3rd degree burns • Large 2nd degree burns (15-20% BSA) • Under 5 & over 55 years old • Burns of hands, face, eyes, feet • Inhalation or electrical burns FA37

  41. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: 2nd and 3rd Degree FA34

  42. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Hot Tar FA35

  43. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Hot Water Scald FA36

  44. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Chemical (from Cement) FA38

  45. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Chemical (from Sulfuric Acid) FA39

  46. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Electrical FA40

  47. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Electrical (foot) FA41

  48. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Burn: Lightening Strike FA42

  49. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS Keep victim on a firm surface and minimize movement. Place padding between victim’s thighs; tie knees and ankles together. Place padding under knees if bent. Call EMS. Pelvic Injuries FA48

  50. FIRST AID HEARTSAVER FACTS RICE Procedures Use for bone, joint, and muscle injuries R = Rest I= Ice pack (on skin over injury) C = Compression (with elastic bandage) E= Elevate Alternate for first 24 to 72 hours 20-30 minutes of ice with 2-3 hours of compression FA51