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First Aid. Text E-mail: hadams@astate.edu Power Point: http://www.clt.astate.edu/hadams Yellow card 20 minutes from hospital National Safety Council Red Cross American Heart Association. Course Information. Practical Prevention Easy Class? Easy A? Concern for the victim

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first aid
First Aid
  • Text
  • E-mail: hadams@astate.edu
  • Power Point: http://www.clt.astate.edu/hadams
  • Yellow card
  • 20 minutes from hospital
  • National Safety Council
  • Red Cross
  • American Heart Association
course information
Course Information
  • Practical
  • Prevention
  • Easy Class? Easy A?
  • Concern for the victim
  • Advanced training?
first aid3
First Aid
  • In the U.S. every year:
    • 2 million hospitalized due to injuries
    • 140,000 die from injuries
    • 500,000 die from heart attacks
    • 150,000 die from strokes
injuries
Injuries
  • The leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults
  • Brain and spinal cord injuries: 80,000unnecessary and permanently disabled
  • Disabling injuries from unintentional causes:
    • One disabling injury every 2 seconds
    • One fatality every 6 minutes
expenses related to unintentional injuries
Expenses Related to Unintentional Injuries
  • 480.5 billion dollars each year
  • Prevention is much less expensive
leading injury related deaths
Leading Injury Related Deaths
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Falls
  • Poisoning
  • Drowning
  • Fires, burns
heart problems
Heart Problems
  • 1 of every 4 Americans has a heart problem
emergency frequency
Emergency Frequency
  • ASU: 10,000 students
  • Student in this class
why learn first aid
Why Learn First Aid
  • What is First Aid?
    • First aid is the immediate care given to the injured or suddenly ill until more advanced care is obtained
goals of first aid
Goals of First Aid
  • Keep victim alive
  • Prevent victim from getting worse
  • Help promote recovery
  • Ensure victim receives medical care
first aid12
First Aid
  • Proper procedures may mean the difference between:
    • Life and death
    • Rapid or slow recovery
    • Hospitalization
    • Temporary disability or permanent injury
legal aspects
Legal Aspects
  • No one is required to render first aid unless:
    • You have already begun first aid procedures
    • Designated by employer
    • Pre-existing responsibility
legal aspects 2
Legal Aspects #2
  • Once first aid has begun, you are not to leave until:
    • The victim is under the care of someone with equal or greater training
    • The victim refuses treatment or transportation
legal aspects 3
Legal Aspects #3
  • If you do leave, you may be charged with:
    • ABANDONMENT
standard of care
Standard Of Care
  • What type of first aid care is appropriate and acceptable?
  • If you act reasonably and with the same amount of training as others who would deal with similar circumstances
scope of care
Scope of Care
  • If you follow recommendations identified by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, National Safety Council, etc. you fall under:Published Recommendations
consent
Consent
  • Expressed Consent:
    • Nod, oral, or written permission (parents / guardian of incompetent individuals)
    • Do not withhold first aid from a minor just to obtain consent
  • Implied Consent:
    • Deals with the unconscious
    • Deals with conscious who does not resist help
consent 2
Consent #2
  • Touching another person without permission is unlawful! (battery)
right to refuse care
Right To Refuse Care
  • Why might someone refuse care?
    • (student didn’t believe in going to the doctor)
  • Try to convince victim that they need care
if victim refuses care
If Victim Refuses Care:
  • DO NOT give aid or transport
  • Make note of witnesses
  • Document events (put all info in writing)
if parents refuse help for a child
If Parents Refuse Help For A Child:
  • Convince otherwise
  • Call police
  • Document events in writing
  • Identify witnesses
if intoxicated or belligerent and refuse care
If Intoxicated Or Belligerent And Refuse Care
  • Convince otherwise
  • Document events in writing
  • Identify witnesses
  • Drugs and alcohol may mask injury
protect yourself from a law suit
Protect Yourself from a Law Suit
  • Act only as you have been trained
  • Get consent
  • Do not move victim unnecessarily
  • Call for professional help
  • Continue care until help arrives
good samaritan laws
Good Samaritan Laws
  • Vary from state to state
  • Protects those acting in good faith without gross negligence or willful misconduct.
  • Your protection consists of proper training and application of skills
rescue doctrine
Rescue Doctrine
  • In some cases, the injured rescuer has the right to recover for injuries sustained while attempting to help
    • (amputated leg)
    • (downed power line - sued power company)
consider the following
Consider The Following
  • Consider your health as well as the victim’s
  • Try to decide ahead of time if you will help
  • Are you bothered by blood, HIV risks, Hepatitus B and C?
  • Calm yourself, take deep breaths
will you help 2
Will You Help? #2
  • Protect yourself by wearing gloves
    • (victim in street)
  • Glove removal
will you help 3
Will You Help? #3
  • All human blood and body fluids should be considered infectious
    • Wash hands extremely well
    • Clean spills with diluted bleach
will you help 4
Will You Help? #4
  • Ifyou don’t think you can handle a situation, call EMS
    • Do not call a friend or relative first
    • Teach children to call 911
the dying victim
The Dying Victim
  • Avoid negative statements
  • Assure victim that family will be located
  • Allow for some hope
  • Use a gentle voice
the dying victim 2
The Dying Victim #2
  • Use the victim’s name
  • Reassure by touching the victim
  • Do not pronounce death
    • Even paramedics can’t pronounce death
grieving
Grieving
  • For the victim’s family and for yourself
  • Don’t tell survivors everything at once
  • Counseling (paramedics-Westside)