slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 42

Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 202 Views
  • Uploaded on

Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy . Prof Prerna Singh . Procession in Bangalore for Mahatma Gandhi's Quit India Movement, a call for independence of India from British rule, 1942. Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy. Why did the British colonize India?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Gov 1255: Politics of India Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy Prof Prerna Singh Procession in Bangalore for Mahatma Gandhi's Quit India Movement, a call for independence of India from British rule, 1942

    2. Lecture 2: The Historical Legacy • Why did the British colonize India? • Why did they leave?

    3. Why did the British colonize India? The East India Company

    4. The Boston Tea Party

    5. The Mughal Empire

    6. The Indus Valley Civilization 3300-1900 BC

    7. Medieval India

    8. The TajMahal The Mughal Empire Shah Jahan MumtazMahal

    9. East India Company spreads its control

    10. Spread of control of East India Company

    11. Rebellion of 1857 RaniLaxmiBai MangalPandey

    12. Queen Victoria, Empress of India

    13. The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire

    14. Why did the British leave?

    15. Why did the British leave?

    16. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

    17. Gandhi returns to India

    18. World War I Over 1.5 million Indians served in the armed services

    19. Post card depicting the Sikh Regiment liberating France in World War I

    20. World War I Over 1.5 million Indians served in the armed services India provided £146 million in revenue for the war. Severe economic crisis – rising taxes, inflation, famines.

    21. The Congress Party

    22. Gandhi

    23. Gandhi Created a wholly new form of politics: Mass movement

    24. Gandhi’s Significance in World History “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth” Albert Einstein

    25. Gandhi’s Significance in World History • UNIQUE • New spiritual techniques into politics: Passive resistance, Mass Civil Disobedience, Courting Arrests, Prayer Meetings, Fasts • Political success of spiritual techniques

    26. Gandhi & Thoreau Gandhi on Thoreau’s Essay on Civil Disobedience: “It expresses the essence of my political philosophy, not only as India’s struggle related to the British but as to my views of the relations between citizens and government…I took the name of my movement from Thoreau’s essay”.

    27. Gandhi’s Significance in World History Who is the greatest man in the world today? John Haynes Holmes, Pastor of the Community Church of NY City, Sermon in the lyric theater of New York City in 1921 “What we have under Gandhi’s leadership is a revolution…but a revolution different from any other that history has knowledge. Gandhi is a citadel of modern power”.

    28. Gandhi’s Significance in World History “To know Gandhi is to tantamount to knowing Christ”

    29. Gandhi’s Significance in World History Martin Luther King’s radio address on his last day in India: "Since being in India, I am more convinced than ever before that the method of nonviolent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity. In a real sense, Mahatma Gandhi embodied in his life certain universal principles that are inherent in the moral structure of the universe, and these principles are as inescapable as the law of gravitation."

    30. Gandhi’s Significance in History of India Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination.

    31. Gandhi’s Significance in History of India • Most powerful political intervention against the British is small, non-violent intervention into colonial economy : Movement towards economic self-reliance

    32. Gandhi’s Significance in History of India Economic self-reliance • Clothing • Food

    33. Gandhi spinning cloth on a charkha Movement for Home-spun cloth

    34. Gandhi’s Salt March 1930 “Not one of the marchers even raised an arm to fend off the blows. They went down like ten-pins. From where I stood I heard the sickening whacks of the clubs on unprotected skulls. Those struck down fell sprawling, unconscious or writhing in pain with fractured skulls or broken shoulders. In two or three minutes the ground was quilted with bodies. Great patches of blood widened on their white clothes. The survivors without breaking ranks silently and doggedly marched on until struck down” American Correspondent Webb Miller

    35. Gandhi’s Significance in History of India • Most powerful political intervention against the British is small, non-violent intervention into colonial economy: Movement towards economic self-reliance • Political Symbolism: Connection of body to body politic

    36. Gandhi with British mill workers in Lancashire

    37. Gandhi’s Significance in History of India • Most powerful political intervention against the British is small, non-violent intervention into colonial economy: Movement towards economic self-reliance • Political Symbolism: Connection of body to body politic • Mass Participation

    38. Gandhi’s Significance in History of India Young women march in the Non-Cooperation Movement, 1930s

    39. Tensions around Gandhi • Religion • Caste

    40. Most fatal tension…from closest associate

    41. Next week… • Darkest period of modern Indian history: The Partition of India