Art Movements of the Post WWI Years. 1919-1939. Raphaella W. DEF HGHS Chappaqua, NY. Essential Question: How were the emotions and actions of the aftermath of WWI expressed in the following art movements?. modernism. 1916 - 1940. Principles of Modernism.
the PostWWI Years
Raphaella W. DEF
HGHS Chappaqua, NY
How were the emotions and actions of the aftermath of WWI expressed in the following art movements?
1916 - 1940
“ For the younger artists of France have completely thrown overboard the ideals of perfection and form, of grace and measure and tranquility, which we are accustomed to think as their most valuable possession.”
“…their (Dadaist’s) manifestos and tracts – with which it is proposed to ‘purge’ French art of its slavish subservience to rules.”
from “The Aesthetic Upheaval in France” by Edmund Wilson Jr., Vanity Fair February 1922
“ Seven years ago, I tried to make a painting that would live by its own resources…At the present time I am doing research in art. My conclusions? I cannot explain my present researches until I myself have evolved out of them, that is to say, until I have gone further in my artistic evolution.”
Francis Picabia, quoted from “Francis Picabia and his Puzzling Art (an extremely modernized academician)”, from Vanity Fair November 1915
1916 - 1924
“ Freedom : Dada Dada Dada, a roaring of tense colors, and interlacing of opposites and all contradictions, grotesques, inconsistencies: LIFE”
“Dada Manifesto” 
Machine Turn Quickly
Chapeau de Paille
The Cherry Picture
Merz 448 (Moscow)
Kleine Dada Soiree
Monte Carlo Bond
You Me (Tu-M)
1919 - 1933
“The School will gradually turn into a workshop…
Art and Technology - a new unity.”
On White II
Yellow Red Blue
Figure (Glass, Colour and Light)
Profil en Face
Birthday Greetings to Xonti
1920 - 1935
Portrait of a Young Girl in a Green Dress
Self Portrait in the Green Bugatti
Costume Design for “Les Pierres Precieuses”
Design for Lanternbearer in “Venise XVII”
L’Arc En Ciel
(Cover for “Harpers Bazaar”)
1920 - 1935
Inspired by new psychology of two men:
Sigmund Freud & Carl Gustav Jung
Human development is best understood as changing objects of sexual desire
Wishes are repressed and emerge from the subconscious in “accidental” bursts – Freudian slips.
Neuroses are caused by repressed memories and unconscious conflicts.
ID, Ego and Super Ego.
Neuroses are caused by conflicts between individuals subconscious and greater world.
Sexual desire does not play as huge a role.
Must make a healthy relationship between the conscious and unconscious – shouldn’t be cut off from it, but shouldn’t be swamped by it.Basic Principles
Subject matter was varied:
– some pieces show a complete dislocation from any sort of literal “reality” (for example, Max Ernst’s works)
-- other pieces show “normal” situations with a spark of absurdity (for example, Rene Magritte's works.)
Bright colors among sometimes dull backgrounds.Surrealism
Hydrometric Demonstration Of How To Kill By Temperature
The Elephant Celebs
The Couple in Lace
The Menaced Assassin
Voice of Space
The False Mirror
“The beautiful and the true in art do not exist; what interests me is the intensity of a personality transposed directly, clearly into the work…and in what manner he knows how to gather sensation, emotion, into a lacework of words and sentiments.”
“Lecture on Dada”